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Menstruation is a monthly-periodic process of discharging useless blood, mucus and dead ovum out form vagina. It starts after the menstruation of reproductive organs in adolescent girls. The first menstruation is called menarche and it takes the place at the eleven to thirteen years mainly. Menopause is the end of menstruation with the cessation of reproductive power. It takes place at the age of 45 to 50 years. Thus, the fertile age of a woman begins form menarche and ends with menopause. It occurs normally at the interval of 28 days; but sometimes it can be a little bit earlier or late.

When the ovary starts developing an ovum in it, the uterus starts the preparation of implantation of fertilized egg. During this preparation of implantation, there is formation of an internal layer on the internal wall of uterus consisting of many new blood vessels and mucus membrane. An ovum is developed every month but there is no chance of presence of sperm every time when there is ovum. If there is no fertilization, the preparation works of uterus, i.e. new layer of blood vessels and mucus start to degenerate, Due to this; there is discharge of blood from vaginal opening. Process of discharge of useless blood and mucus with the unfertilized dead ovum from the vaginal opening once in the month is called menstruation.


*source: Ministry of  Education, Nepal Government

Categories: Other
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I’m posting this because we’re all getting too quiet.  I’m afraid we’re becoming complacent and desensitized when young lives are being disregarded and taken.

(screencapped from STORIFY)

Darren Wilson is still enjoying life at home with his family, walking about on the streets as he please without grasping that these are liberties that he stole from a young person.

But mainstream media is still focused on framing the discussion about how Mike Brown wasn’t an angel.

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We bond over our black and purple; we reflect in pride over our 2013 Super Bowl win. We wait eagerly for football season to arrive and to celebrate our amazing athletes. We love our Ravens – and we should hold them accountable for both the good and bad that they do in our community.

This past February, our local star Ray Rice physically assaulted his wife in an elevator. After waiting for the elevator doors to close, he hit her multiple times and managed to knock her unconscious. Afterward, he dragged her out of the elevator. This event was captured on video surveillance at the hotel where the incident occurred and the video was later released. A horrible act of domestic violence was committed, and few disputed this. Out of respect for his wife, Janay Palmer, I will not be adding the violent content to this blog post.

Hardly anything was done upon the original release of this content, which only showed the aftermath of his attack. After a pretrial intervention in May, Rice became exempt from prosecution, and his charges will be expunged from his record within a year. Recently, a two-game suspension was issued. Seven months after the tape first surfaced, a second one was released that showed the attack in its entirety. It was only at this point that Ray Rice’s contract was terminated by the Ravens, and soon after the NFL banned the athlete indefinitely. Upon immediate release of this information, my social media feeds were flooded with remarks like:

“There should be a separation between the personal and the public.”

“His wife stayed with him; if she’s okay with this, then the Ravens should be too.”

“I just don’t think a man’s career should be ruined over one mistake.”

“No one knows what she said to provoke him… He was just being a man.”

Seriously, people?

This act of violence goes well beyond a superstar making a very, very poor decision. This is about power dynamics. This is about accountability. This is about black men and black women. This is about domestic violence, and how major corporations handle offenders. Domestic violence is a crime. It occurs within all racial, age, and religious groups. It happens regardless of your soci0-economic status and level of education. No one is exempt, and everyone should be held accountable. Ray Rice was not subjected to the typical consequences of his actions (jail-time, specifically). He was protected by his status, and consequently his wife was not. Add this to his being a representation of the NFL, the Ravens, and Black America, and we have a huge problem.

When a black man in power hurts a black woman, he sends a message to the community. It is up to us to decide how he is received from there. When the footage was brushed under the rug initially, we said “it’s okay to hurt your wife if you’re a millionaire, just say you’re sorry and your career will not be in jeopardy.” To young black men everywhere, the message was “you can hit your partner and get away with it, as long as you’re exceptionally talented.” To black women everywhere, the message was “your body, your life, and your safety are not priorities if your partner is an asset to our society and our industry.” I can’t help but think how this scenario would’ve played out differently if Ray Rice critically injured, or even killed, his wife during this incident. Is that what it takes to penalize assailants?

As a Ravens fan and an advocate against domestic violence, I have struggled with this news. However delayed, I am glad that both the Baltimore Ravens and the NFL did the correct thing in removing Ray Rice from their community. This football season, I will be expressing my purple pride in solidarity with domestic violence victims, and I hope that many of you will do the same.


Categories: Sexual Violence
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It’s that time again – time when young people from around the nation travel to Washington, DC for the Urban Retreat!

Each year over 120 youth activists gather in Washington, D.C. to share expertise with one another and Advocates for Youth staff; learn about the latest findings and legislation that affect reproductive health; participate in trainings; and make a commitment to be lifelong advocates for young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights. Then they head to Capitol Hill to educate their representatives on why comprehensive sexual health education is so important for young people.

This year, keep up with the youth activists on twitter (#urbanretreat14) and Instagram!

And once again we thank our generous sponsors for making the Urban Retreat possible!

Categories: Young People
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reposted from Miriam Zoila Pérez, Colorlines

This summer, Minnesota passed a first-of-its-kind law improving the treatment of pregnant incarcerated women. In addition to extending an existing ban on the use of restraints during childbirth for up to three days postpartum, the law also allows incarcerated women to have a doula. 

Doulas are trained birth attendants who provide physical and psychological support during pregnancy and birth. Doulas have gained popularity in recent years. Doulas of North America (DONA), just one of a handful of training organizations, now boasts 6,500 members; in 1994, there were only 750. As the community and movement has grown, doulas have worked to bring their model of care to many different arenas. As a trained doula, I’ve participated in groups such as the Doula Project in New York City, which brings doula support to people having miscarriages and abortions. Other groups focus on providing low-income women with this kind of care, and a number have also tailored their work to support incarcerated women. 

This a great step towards providing care to incarcerated pregnant people.

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The world hates women
After watching the video I felt down, very low thinking women are not treated well since centuries. Men have been ruling their identity, existence and integrity. The life of women had been harder and the case have taken its plight in case of various insurgency. but may the world understand it now and may these shocking data never increase.

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Applications are now closed, GACC Safe Sites will be notified in October!

Did you miss this round? Come back in December when applications open again!

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Just imagine, if you had just a day to live, one last day on earth, then how would you spend those 24 hours? I wonder what I would do! There would be so much to do that could not be fulfilled in a day. I would either spend all the money that I have feeding the poor, or just would eat whatever I want to, without the fear of weight-gain; I would be with my family and spend those precious hours with never-ending smiles, or I would marry my beloved and be with him till my last second on this earth; I would hug all my friends around, ask for forgiveness and forgive those with whom I have disputes, bid them farewell and enjoy the last supper, or I would leave everything aside, just pray to god and wait for the world to end. What would you do? It’s so hard to decide when there is not much time, when every minute is so important, not to finish the task that you are assigned or to attend any business meetings and job interviews but to spent it for yourself, to fulfill one’s spiritual happiness and peace.

Every day we are chasing each other in this materialistic world to gain the materialistic achievements, either to impress others or for one’s materialistic satisfaction. We work so hard and run after those things that make us satisfied but not happy. Sometimes I think we have forgotten the actual feeling of happiness and peace. Nowadays one becomes happy by shutting others down; one remains at peace when other degrades. Nowadays we talk more but listen to the least to reply the worst. With all this competition, we have made our world a system, our body a machine and our materialistic passion as a fuel.

No wonder we have made compromises in numerous steps of our lives, or others might have compromised for us as well in numerous ways. But I am sure we can count those moments when we felt the actual happiness and peace, or some might have never got this chance yet. It’s always about survival of the fittest and existence of the brightest, and one should move on.

Ultimately the race stops one day and we leave this earth as a spirit either with regrets or with spiritual satisfaction. Which one would you be? None knows if heaven or hell really exists but we see and feel both while we are still alive. So here is my question again, if you had just a day to live, one last day on earth, then how would you spend those 24 hours? The best would be to live every day like it’s our last day, and then may be earth will be a better place that would never end.


Isha Karmacharya


Categories: Living Positive, Other
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Sex ans sexual acts are filled with various myths which has been giving some scary and untrue message to the world.this has been responsible for sex related fear and perceptions of the people around the globe. Though myths changes with the place we dwell but each and every part of the world has one or the other myths associated with following.
1. You can tell by looking if you or someone else has an STD / I would know if I had an STD.
2. If I needed to get tested for STDs, my doctor would test me.
3. If I get an STD, including HIV, there’s nothing I can do about it.
4. If he pulls out, I won’t get pregnant or an STD.
5. STD testing is for cheaters & players.
6. Sex in a hot tub / sex standing up / jumping up and down /douching after sex… will prevent STDs, including HIV, and/or pregnancy.
7. Two condoms are better than one.
8.There’s a cure for HIV/AIDS.
9. Oral sex and anal sex are “safe” sex–or not sex at all.
10. If I use birth control, I don’t need to worry about STDs.

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Check out the 2014 Youth ShowOUT! The campaign will engage and mobilize young voters across the country through on the ground organizing, social media activism, and online actions at youthshowout.org.  Advocates for Youth (Advocates), Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF), and Planned Parenthood Generation (PPGen), a project of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, are joining forces for this exciting new national civic engagement campaign.

In 2014, young voters will do more than just turn out–they will ShowOUT! Youth leaders are educating their peers, registering voters, participating in voter pledge drives, volunteering, and more. Young people are at the helm of lasting change in our country. They are taking charge and becoming a part of the political process.

Young people are an essential component of the rising electorate. Every day, nearly 12,000 young people turn 18 years old and become eligible to vote. At Advocates for Youth we know firsthand the power of young people is undeniable. There are tens of thousands of youth activists and leaders who are actively reshaping their communities and changing what politics looks like in this country. We have a responsibility to work alongside these young people as they lead us to new solutions and lasting change.

Visit Youth ShowOUT, sign the pledge, and share with friends!

Categories: Young People