login  |  create an account

Category > International

Share This Article

I still cannot believe what I did. How could i be so mean? She really loved to be around me and was proud to call me her friend. I mean, she’s just too young for such a trauma and I shouldn’t have betrayed her. She trusted me for everything………
My family and I were used to moving from one state to another and this time, it was time to move to the north. Though my siblings and I were used to not being stable in a school but this movement came all of a sudden.
Hadiza happened to be the daughter of mallam Hamza the sweet seller who owned a mini, tattered and smelly kiosk across our house (but it didn’t bother him – it was just to make ends meet). Hadiza was pretty ma age mate or I was a little older. She seemed to be very fond of me that whenever I returned from school she always came out of their kiosk with so much eagerness and expectant to hear an interesting gist that happened in my school (whether fabricated or not) since she attended an Islamic school very close to the house and to her there was barely anything new happening each day that passes. Lest i forget, Hadiza loves beads. She actually inspired my love for beads because no matter how torn and smelly her clothes looked, there was always the right bead for it and she was willing to make some for me whether I was in the mood for it or not. She also was good at filling her hands with sweets from mallam Hamza’s shop all for me. Humm…I loved her. We got used to having her around my house and that prompted the idea of letting out my clothes especially dresses, which I dreaded to wear except for Sundays or when my mother enforces them on me. On the other hand, Hadiza loved to wear dresses; easy way to let go of my dresses and truth was she loved me more for letting them go.
As time went on, she became my best friend but one day, I had a couple of my school friends come around to sleep over for the weekend. Hadiza came around but this time she really needed to talk to me but I was ashamed to show her to ma friends for fear of them making fun of me. She left ma house sad and so I was. Sad because i made her less important in my life; I never knew I may never have an opportunity to see her again. How could I have sent out a girl who knew me for who I was? I was eagerly waiting for the weekend to be over for me to find out what or why she came around.
The new week began and i couldn’t wait to see her. I really was burning with guilt and I needed to make every wrongs right; but unfortunately her mom gave me the shocker of my life. In her words, she said: Hadiza e go husband house for kano. WHAT!!!! She’s just 12. She can’t be married!!! I guess that was what she wanted to tell me before leaving. I also heard the wedding was that afternoon she came around.OMG! I guess that was what she needed me to know- I really felt I sold my friend out for no cause.
Few years down, I gained admission into the university which meant I had to be away from home for a while but at that, even while I was at school thoughts of her kept coming to me, how she was fairing. The holidays came and I just couldn’t wait to find out about her were about. I got home and her mom again told me she was already with kids but she has been ill for a while due to the complications she faced during delivery. And she was going to be the 8th wife of this so-called business man! I was not able to see my friend but i ponder on when the problem of early marriage would end in Nigeria. There are many people like Hadiza who never survived their first child. It’s about time we stand up to defend these young girls from untimely death. It’s about time…..

Share This Article

Each week, I’ll be posting a list of the most news-worthy and/or inspirational, informative, well-written, thought-provoking, and/or unique posts of the week. While every post and every contributor is valuable to our community, these are the blogs that I feel are must-reads.

August 28- September 3

Stats this week: 30 posts by 18 writers

The UN Tragedy- by Bekaji

Inside this post:

World news you need to know:

…the Nigeria governments working with the United Nations to tackle the SRH issues, and youth development, unfortunately last Friday the UN branch office was a target of a bomb blast which left over 20 people dead and many injured.

George W. Bush’s Former Chief Speechwriter Supports International Family Planning- by AFY_Nikki

Inside this post:

Michael Gerson, formerly of the Bush administration, describes how his recent trip to the Congo helped him understand that family planning saves lives.

Now!…What?- by Aye

Inside this post:

As a young woman, it really broke my heart to see her suffer along with those three lovely kids without been able to do any thing at that instance, but it made me appreciate the knowledge I have about SRHR and also gave me a reason to keep fighting for the SRHR of young people…

Thank you to everyone who posted a blog this week! You are part of what makes this community great!

~ Samantha
Community Editor

My post this week:
Response: In Defense of Fat Acceptance

Share This Article

 Dating Violence

A recent news on dating violence came on the Newspapers;…………..as" Roji Maharjan of Jawalakhel, Lalitpur, who had gone missing since Aug 5, was found murdered in the forests of Nallu in Lalitpur last Wednesday. Maharjan was shot in the temple and her body was recovered from a bush near the incident site. Subash Upreti, 21, who claims to be her lover, told the police that he had orchestrated the murder of Roji, who allegedly betrayed him, by having affairs with others". (newnepalsam.blogspot.com)
Similar cases of dating violence in Kathmandu and its outskirts has been more often, only few makes their presence in newspapers and majority ether assaults, harassment, rape more likely to be unreported by the victim herself and their families.
Dating violence is when one person purposely causes physical or psychological harm to another person they are dating, including sexual assault, physical abuse and psychological emotional abuse. It is a serious crime that occurs in both casual and serious relationships and in both heterosexual and same sex relationship .Sometimes a victim might unknowingly be given alcohol or date rape drugs like Rohypnol .Date rape drugs are often slipped setting such as a club or party. These drugs as well as alcohol can make a person unable to resist assaults and cause a type of person unable to resist assaults and cause a type of amnesia so she is uncertain about what happened .The victim is then left to deal with the trauma of the sexual assaults and the uncertainty surrounding the specifics of the crime. Unfortunately most cases of dating violence are not reported to the police.
Violence against women by anyone is always wrong whether the abuser is someone you date; a current or past spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend; a family member; an acquaintance or a stranger.

Share This Article

 Teenage Pregnancy; condition of ramified risk

Adolescent pregnancy and early child bearing is not uncommon in Nepal. Despite the law forbidding early marriage ,society tends to ignore the marriage law and expects their married daughter to enter into childbearing .Family pressure and possible fear of becoming childless and being discarded by the spouse or the in-laws, compel young married adolescent girls to become mothers. According to the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS 2004),21% of married adolescent girls aged 15-19 years are already mothers or pregnant with their first child. At the age of 19, two fifth (40%) of the married adolescent girls would have already begun child bearing.
Adolescent childbearing is a phenomenon that has significant ramifications of personal, societal and global levels. Early child baring has many health and social implications for adolescent girls and can shape her entire future .Child bearing marks the end of education and limits a women’s opportunity of employment as well as the potentials for acquiring skills to deal with a wide range of experiences in the outside world.
Although child bearing at any age involves some risk, young women who have not reached full physical and psychological maturity are almost three times as likely to die of complications in child birth as older women .Some complications are more common in adolescents than in older women. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, if untreated can lead to eclampsia which is often fatal. Obstructed labor may result if pregnancy occurs soon after menarche when the pelvis is not developed or if the young girls have not received adequate nutrition during her adolescent growth spurt resulting in stunted growth. If skilled assistance is not available both the mother and baby may die .In addition to this women who get pregnant during adolescence are likely to get pregnant again sooner than women who bear their first child when they are in their twenties .Each year 132 million babies are born worldwide with almost 90% if the births occurring in the developing world and 76% million in Asia.

Share This Article

WOW!! GREAT! FANTASTIC!!!!!!!! You might be wondering what is so interesting, well I will tell you. As a major way of improving the sexual reproductive health and right of young people in Nigeria and Africa as a whole ,very important, credible and renowned organizations like Education As A Vaccine(EVA), Action Health Initiative(AHI), Adolescent Health and information project(AHIP) , just to mention a few recently came together to form a coalition which seeks to improve SRHR of young women in Nigeria, We (YAG) were also privileged to be in attendance and one of the major step we identified is to improve access to youth friendly health services in Nigeria.
The meeting held by Amanitare, a pan-African female sexual right advocacy group also identified the challenges women face and agreed to project the rights of females on issues relating to SRH, bodily integrity, violence etc. also worthy of note is one of the major goal which is to strengthen a sexual and reproductive health movement and aid the implementation of national, regional and international policies and commitments.
Huh!! Are you thinking what I am thinking? They have similar goals or objective as we….ADVOCACY, SRHR, YOUNG PEOPLE
The most thrilling aspect of this coalition is that we are involved and it provides a large opportunity or working field for us to work whether directly or indirectly….and we will be ready, waiting like hawks to take up every chance or better still create opportunities for ourselves by which we can bring about change on a larger scale and quicker rate ….isn’t this sweet?

Share This Article

Many times I walk down the streets of my town and it is a normal scene to find young children of different ages some even as young as seven (7) selling all sorts of things in the streets to make a living. I could go on about how unfair this situation is and how something should be done about it, but really this article is about what it does to the self esteem of these children especially girls.
When we buy whatever stuff from them we rarely stop to think what they are going through, many times people will scream at these young children, tell them to shut up, for some really rude people even spit on them and never say a good thing to them. Apart from the negativity on the streets, home is not a happy place either especially if one didn’t make enough money. In some cases people will call one of them to their house as though they want to buy their products but instead let them stand there to be used as examples on what happens if their children behave badly, they listen to them lecture their kids as they get constantly referred to as dirty and naughty. As I walked away after buying my veggies from a girl probably 11 years old, something told me to go back. I had an interesting chat with Selina* (not her real name). She sells vegetables’ or whatever fruits are in season. She goes through the streets shouting at the top of her voice to advertise and draw attention to her merchandise. She lives with her grandmother and five (5) other siblings. She looks unhappy, hungry, defeated like she is ready to hear some form of abuse from me. She’s surprised I tell her I just needed to retain some change she had given me extra. She tells me she thought I was going to scold her for the extra small packaging on the vegetables. The girl clearly has esteem issues. It only took a comment from me to say I thought she was strong and beautiful for her to give a big smile and as I watched her pick up her veggies looking brighter.

Share This Article

Each week, I’ll be posting a list of the most news-worthy and/or inspirational, informative, well-written, thought-provoking, and/or unique posts of the week. While every post and every contributor is valuable to our community, these are the blogs that I feel are must-reads.

August 21- August 27

Stats this week: 21 posts by 14 writers

No Help at All- by KarachiYWOCLC

Inside this post:

It does a very good job of glossing over the bad parts, leaving people with memories of funny lines rather than a recollection of what it was possibly like to be black and living in Jackson, Mississippi during the era of the Civil Rights Movement.

Belly Bump: Context- by Amplify_Staff

Inside this post:

Two women share their stories of getting pregnant: one at 17 and the other at 27.

Let’s talk about sex- by fren4all

Inside this post:

An insight into the stigmatization of sex and sexuality in Nepal.

Media Justice Mash-Up- by Media_Justice

Inside this post:

Bianca overviews several subjects including new independent film “Gun Hill Road,” featuring a transgender character (and actress), and reactions to the portrayal of race relations in “The Help.”

Thank you to everyone who posted a blog this week! You are part of what makes this community great!

~ Samantha
Community Editor

Share This Article

Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), the term seemed like something really new and completely unknown to me at the time when I had joined the council. But since I have come this far being a part of Youth Activist Leadership Council (YALC) at Nepal I have really developed up my knowledge in this field and have known a lot about this sector. As our council has had established two policy objectives as the areas to work on further for a year at the very root level or the policy level we the council members have given a lot that is needed to the issues addressed in Nepal. The policy objectives that have we have set are:
_ To institutionalize meaningful youth involvement in policy decision making bodies regarding SRHR issues, by the end of International Year of Youth.
_ To mandate the EPH curriculum to be implemented in all schools and update the curriculum to be age appropriate and comprehensive by December 2011.

Having come up with these two thematic working areas we have conducted various such activities that has helped us to understand and work on this area. The council has been working on these areas since March and this has helped me in making my journey from a layman to a higher professional strata. From footage colection for a documentary, to extensive media campaigns, to practicum workshop, to documentary screening, to writing reports and blogs, to preparing for various other upcoming activities at each time we are learning and learning. In this run of conducting programs and preapring further for it I have known and my journey of learning on the sector of SRHR has taken off from the council and this journey is not to end at near but to stay till long. Thank You YALC!!!!

Share This Article

Life of people has been chaos with the diminishing sate of Nepal’s political
with each passing day. The state of our country is getting worst. The constituent
assembly who for the past three years are is so called "PROCESS" of making
constitution are still trying to focal the innocent citizen of are country. It is a big
question mark for all the citizen’s be it common people, and government bodies,
what will be the future of our country?

No one has a perfect life, every human being have one or the other problem, we
have face so many difficulties in life likewise are of the main challenge we are
facing is the accelerating population, and we sad to know still many people are
not aware about the family planning contraceptives .As a result are it’s productive
agriculture land has been replaced with the buildings, and consequence of the
life is unemployment and external migration. one of the repot recently states the
total 45 thousand ,one hundred and sixty five people were going aboard in just are
month time that is from July 17-Aug 17 -2011. This data is quite shocking but it’s
a reality check.

Due to lack of employment maximum youth and women are massively going
abroad .Unfortunately, these people become victim of sexual exploitation no
women would be willing to sell their bodies in abroad as anywhere and earn
money but they don’t have any alternative. Even the women receding within the
country are not safe. Each day, the incidents of violence rape are increasing.
Impact, we get to hear it almost every day.

At last with whatever problem state above has direct or indirect impact on
women’s reproductive health whenever women will be educated, empowered will
be able to fight for their rights then only we will get the solution to their problem.

Share This Article

One of Nepal’s greatest post conflict challenges is how to provide for and engage with its young labour force. In a country where 46% of young people aged 20-24 are ‘highly underutilized’ (according to the Nepal Labour Force Survey, 2008) much more needs to be done by the government and all development partners to halt a growing number of disaffected youth.
As a young Nepali, I believe one of the major obstacles to creating & maintaining jobs is the numerous numbers of bandhs (strikes) that threaten industries and the economy in Nepal. There are a lots of youth who are frustrated and are fed up with their condition as well as of Nepal ,they want some development but their rather than that there are obstacles, disturbance and bandhs. Every year it is estimated that 300,000 people enter the job market, and yet many questions remain: Are these youth ready to face the challenges that the market will be imposing on them? Are educated youth capable of writing a CV and confident in facing an interview? Are the less educated young people equipped with vocational skills? And with that are they working with that they deserve or not. Not only this there are major frustration and problems that they go in which results to depression and more, likewise the more proper industries and work post the more better results. Therefore every Nepal should get aware about their position the way they react and also what they deserve.
So not just waiting for the opportunity but rather making it yourself would definitely bring change and good results.

Share This Article

Since the shocking discovery around 2000, 2001 that girl children were being defiled/raped/molested on the belief that if a man is HIV positive he will be cured totally. This is the remedy and prescription ‘phony’ traditional healers offered to people particularly men who discovered their HIV status was positive and sort help from them. This saw the number of defilement cases increase by a huge margin. It was all just so fast it spiraled out of control, it left the whole country shocked. Everyone was affected somehow even children (girls) as young as 3 months old were a target (as they were being told that the younger the girl the better because then they have few chances of being HIV positive, you see they worked on the belief that the other has pure HIV free blood and once you sleep with them then all your HIV is cleansed and passed on to them…I know sick right?). What was even more frustrating was the fact that in most of the cases the perpetuator was/is a very close family member. A father, uncle, close relative or family friend. This phenomenon has however, reduced over the years, and though one would hope that with so much sensitization and awareness towards the subject and HIV/AIDS we would not have to be battling with issues such as these. This is still happening especially in rural areas, but you still get to hear cases of child defilement occasionally even in the suburbs . But there was a huge outcry and much advocacy from civil society for laws to be tightened and grave punishment for offenders. Some people were so angered by the situation, they called for ‘castration of the offenders private parts’ but this was way too drastic a measure to take, but who could blame them, it was either your daughter, sister, friend, neighbor affected and so many came from a place where they had been affected personally. The advocacy and public outcry worked out just fine as stiffer punishment for perpetuators was introduced like longer jail time if found guilty. I only hope all the advocacy, public awareness and stiff punishments are enough to make men realize that the solution is not in creating another problem. It is not fair because these are individuals that are born and should be given the chance to live their full lives. It might be a consolation to us reading those of us who advocate for issues as these that the punishments are stiffened and all, but no price can pay the trauma and emotional scarring that these young girls go through. I mean, these are innocent children, and they are not only molested, infected with the virus but also scared emotionally for life, some even die in the process of being defiled.

Share This Article

The United Nations was established to foster global peace, prosperity and justice. It has succeeded in its fundamental mission of preventing a third world war and improving global quality of life. But over the last 60 years, the UN’s mission and membership have been broadened dramatically. The UN is now asked to tackle the world’s most intractable problems—global scale challenges that transcend borders but directly or indirectly affect us all: health, the environment, human rights and justice, peace and security, population, hunger and peacekeeping. The UN has a proud record of accomplishment in helping address key global challenges.
In today’s interconnected world, the Nigeria governments working with the United Nations to tackle the SRH issues, and youth development, unfortunately last Friday the UN branch office was a target of a bomb blast which left over 20 people dead and many injured.
The United Nations is the one international organi¬zation with the reach and vision capable of solving global problems. Why should we attack the only lifesaving community?

Share This Article

On the 11th of august the youth advocate group carried out a 1 day sensitization workshop for the national assembly staffers in the country. We had secretaries and aides from the committee on health, Education and HIV, from both the House of Representatives and House of Senate present at the sensitization. Also present were news men from the National Television Authority (NTA) and the African international television (AIT).
The sensitization workshop was aimed at enlightening them (the staffers) on who we are, what we are doing as the youth advocate group and also create a platform for partnership. In respect to this, we made a power point presentation outlining our goals, our achievements and our projects. We also had a video screening compiled of interviews and surveys we carried out on youth sexual and reproductive health and rights in different communities in the country.
After this was concluded, we broke out into groups with both council members and staffers together in different groups, these groups were to reflect on what they had seen in the video and discuss possible ways to which issue identified could be tackled. This went successfully and at the end a member from each group presented the harmonized ideas, with both groups in agreement that the video sent across a message on the need of young people as regards youth SRHR. Problems identified mostly consisted of the issues of project funding and to liaise with a specific key person at the ministry of health.
During the cause of the sensitization we collected views and types of support by a representative of each of the committee present; we also carried out individual interviews with some committee staff. To close it up we took group photos and went back to further discuss on the ideas and ways to actualize them and on the issues identified and ways to solve them.
The Youth Advocate group Nigeria…………….. MAKING A DIFFERENCE!!!

Share This Article

In the past, Nepalese women were restricted with the strictest abortion laws thwarting their choice to end unwanted pregnancies. In 2002, the government of Nepal legalized abortion and thus abortion became safe and legal choice for women seeking to end unintended pregnancies. This provides opportunity for women to enjoy her reproductive right to decide when to get pregnant, how many children they want and whether to give birth or not. Optimistically, this great accomplishment will ascertain an arena to improvise the quality of life for women in Nepal.

Share This Article

Teenage pregnancy is formally defined as a pregnancy in a young woman who has not reached her 20th birthday when the pregnancy ends, regardless of whether the woman is married or is legally an adult. In Nepal, the predisposing factors for young women to pregnancy are predominantly social, economic and behavioural factors and to add to them cultural factor also play an imperative part.
Teenage pregnancy carries an extra health risks to the mother and the baby. Often, teenagers don’t receive timely prenatal care, as a result of which and they are likely to have a higher risk for pregnancy-related high blood pressure and its complications. Risks for the baby include premature birth and a low birth weight. It is thus imperative to understand the explicit knowledge and the right information as regard to the age and context before a woman opts to enjoy her motherhood.

Profile photo of goma thapa
Share This Article

Sex is neither a crime nor an aberration – and the sooner we accept it as such, the better….

The rapid changes that came to Nepal with the fall of the Panchayat era and the ushering in of the wave of a liberal and democratic polity have unquestionably had far-reaching impacts on our social sphere as well. Whether one chooses to label it “modern,” or “progressive,” Nepal’s phase of transition is a complex process that finds its roots in the struggle to translate ‘modernity’ into an otherwise deeply traditional society. But while we have been able to transcend political and economic taboos, many remain entrenched throughout society.

Among them is, still, the sex stigma. In comparison to many of our more ‘developed’ regional nations, Nepali society is certainly more liberal, and in terms of sex, it’s coming of age. However, even among our educated, “modern” classes, sex is always a topic that’s thick in the air, but always ignored. This ignorance is causing problems. From the criminalisation of public displays of affection and the lack of space to date, not talking about sex has more profound impacts too. The intention is not to unnecessarily “problematise” what could otherwise be a very private and personal subject matter. However, the lack of public discourse on sex is damaging for any society (ours included), which aspires to established notions of modernity—with all its good and bad connotations.

Recently, there have been simultaneous reports, spread throughout all major media outlets, of women committing suicide. It’s bad enough that suicide is the number one killer of Nepali women of a reproductive age, but the fact that suicide rates have risen exponentially in the past decade is simply terrifying. Where sections of society are consciously or subconsciously at odds with one another over modern values—from the village level to the urban centres—it is of vital importance that the idea of sex and sexuality is, at least, accepted as legitimate topic of discourse, thereby publicly endorsing it as a reality. At times it will be ‘illicit,’ but certainly not always. The notion that sex is wrong; sometimes to the extent of being criminal, regardless of context, is an absurd opinion to uphold. The media too, has played a pivotal role in damning some harmless sexual relationships as ‘illicit’. But, this kind of stigma is driving society, and subsequently driving some women to suicide. Suicide is only one of many examples of the negative impacts of this kind of stigmatisation.

Our education process has not been of much help in this regard either. There is a chapter in the SLC on sex and reproduction. But ask most students what they have been taught and they will almost always tell one of two things: First, a teacher comes in, explains the clinical biology of reproduction and leaves—undoubtedly with a face dripping with embarrassment. In another scenario, the teacher comes in, briefly mentions the chapter and chooses to brush past it. Even in the first instance, reducing sex to purely clinical terms undermines its non-reproductive value. The stigma runs so deep that teachers find teaching sex on a human level, impossible. It doesn’t take an expert to assume that this stigma may then move beyond the school grounds and into the teachers’ home itself—even if married and with kids.

It is preposterous that some married couples who have all the licence that society could offer still feel the need to equate sex to biological reproduction and nothing more. Engage in most middle-aged women’s gatherings and you will see the depth of truth in this statement. Perhaps these views change behind bedroom doors, but that isn’t going to change social dynamics.

There is a reason for why human beings are the only species (aside from Bonobos) that have a 365-day ability to engage in sex. It’s hard to believe that this kind of cycle only serves the purpose of reproduction. Actually, it is explained quite simply in the already-accepted Darwinian theory of evolution that humans have evolved to enjoy sex.

Furthermore, by now it is common knowledge that taboo and stigma sell like hotcakes to a growing angst-ridden and rebellious young generation. Labelling something “wrong,” is simply an invitation to explore for a generation of raging hormones. Speak to any gynaecologist in any urban or rural setting and they will certainly tell you of the incredible and dangerously increasing rates of teenage pregnancy and subsequent abortions. Between lack of education and the need to rebel, the stigmatisation of sex works to the advantage of indiscriminate “underage” sexual activity. Raiding discos and demonising the young will only get you so far. Not talking about sex doesn’t mean that it isn’t happening, and it certainly doesn’t mean it is not creating problems.

To top it all off, Nepalis are marrying later—even in villages as far as the Far-West, child marriages and even teenage marriages are a decreasing phenomenon—and strict abstinence is an invitation to an unhealthy mental state of being. It beckons depression on one end of the spectrum and aggression

on the other. Ask any foreigner or young Nepali woman about aggression and distasteful experiences on a local bus or busy market. It is baffling how these realities are seen in such isolation; it should be a matter of putting two and two together that sex is a pre-requisite of a mature human mind and body.

The question is not of whether sex is good or bad. The idea is not to impose a moral value on the idea of sex or sexuality itself but to understand it as an accepted aspect of what we call ‘modernity’.

People must understand that modernization is a process already underway in Nepal—selectively accepting only some parts of it is no longer an option that reconciles the rampant desires of the masses. Similar to the acceptance of democracy, like it or not, the acceptance of sex as a human right is inevitable. So, at the very least, let’s talk about sex.

Published on 25 August 2010
The Kathmandu Post by Bidushi Dhungel .

Share This Article

It is important for Christians and other people of faith to learn about their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is especially important, given the dominant role institutions of faith, such as the Church, play in many countries (even where the Church is said to be separated from the State). After all HIV does not exclude an individual based on their socio-economic status, location or religious belief.

Last week, August 15-21, 2011, I was in Madrid, Spain with a group of other activists from several countries, including Ireland and Poland where the Catholic Church has a great deal of influence. Every four years, Catholic young people from every Diocese across the world meet for what is called “World Youth Day.” This time it was in Spain (one of the most beautiful cities I have ever visited). We were there (as a coalition) to bring the message that “Good Catholics Use Condoms” and “Condoms Save Lives” as well as thank the Pope for acknowledging that condoms are effective in preventing the spread of HIV.

It was an interesting, fun and tiring week to say the least; but it was also very instructive for my own work in Jamaica.

Do Good Catholics Use Condoms?

There were hundreds of thousands of young people clad in bright coloured shirts carrying and waving their country flags, singing and routinely shouting ‘Papa’ –the Spanish word for Pope.

I couldn’t understand what there were singing about or what they were saying and I had very little idea about what they –the pilgrims as they are called, at the World Youth Day 2011 were doing in Madrid. Much of it appeared to be a big gathering of Catholic youth in an organized chaos. Despite my ignorance or perhaps the ambiguity surrounding the events, I had one mission — give as many people as possible a sticker and a post card. I wanted them to know they have and will not defy the “moral code” if they have use a condom. Additionally, encourage people, irrespective of age, to use a condom if they are in circumstances that they must be sexually active.

I knew the Catholic Church (or perhaps it is just the hierarchy and a few “blind” followers) does not support the use of condoms or any other form of contraceptive for that matter. Interestingly, despite their leadership in treatment and care for people living with HIV (PLHIV) their position about condom usage does not change.

Clad in my red shirt marked “condoms save lives” I stood with my friends in Puerta de Sol –the heart of the city– in the early morning and late afternoon bringing and sharing this wonderful message to Catholic youth, the Bishops and nuns (at least those who would take our materials) and people who live in Madrid.

“How can you be Catholic and use condoms,” some would whisper as they passed us.

“Abstinence!” a few would shout.

Many persons defended the Pope’s ban blindly with their ill-informed positions on condoms. Some were very nice and engaged us about our message. Others would take the materials and laugh in our face. One elderly lady tore it into pieces and knocked everything out of the hands of my colleague Anka from Poland. I appreciate the ones who gave them back to us instead on littering the streets with it. The majority of elderly people from Spain were very supportive.

I had a very good conversation with a lady from the Dominican Republic who now lives in Spain as the rain beat on my back. She didn’t speak English and I know very little Spanish, but I could understand from a few words and her gestures that she love the Pope and thought the rain was a blessing for Papa. Nonetheless, she supported the use of condoms and cited that lots of people are being infected with HIV and too many people, who are not working, are having too many children.

The young people of Brazil, Chile and USA were especially appreciative of the message. What was alarming for me was that so many ‘chaperones’, if I may call them that, were such bullies. Some grabbed the materials from the members of their group. Others waved a stick or shouted in disapproval so they would even consider taking a post card. Why are they so afraid of condoms?

HIV and Catholics
At the end of the World Youth Day event 21,000 young people across the world became infected with HIV. In total there were at least 49,000 new HIV infections when the adults are added.

I wonder if those who were opposed to us sharing this message know this. And if they do, which I am sure many are, why are they so opposed to the use of condoms. Do they know/realize that people are often in situations that they must have sex? Not everyone is able to abstain. I wonder what percentage of the Catholic Church are HIV positive.

What shocks me most is that they believe PLHIV should not have sex. “Well if you have HIV you have no right to have sex,” one guy from Italy said to me as his friends nodded in agreement. I can understand (to an extent by applying all sort of conservative rationale) if the person infected sometime afterbirth but what about those who were born this way? Where do human rights find place in the Church? It also begs to question the wholesomeness of the Catholic healthcare programmes, particularly for HIV.

At the end of the day, despite our Church’s position on the use of condom, the responsibility is that of the individual to protect him/herself and keep their partner(s) safe as well.

Share This Article

   Have you ever witnessed how frustrating it is when you know that a promise that is being made to you in apparent sincerity will never come to pass? Can you come to terms with how disappointing it is to realize that those words uttered to you that you thought were words of hope and what you could cling to were just propaganda aimed at acheiving some selfish goals? Well if you are a young person like me especially from the less developed countries then you can empathize with me when I say I have had enough of all the promises made by stake holders, governments and policy makers on issues concerning young people. All their promises now sound like cacophonies (a combination of loud noises) because it is only talk and more talk and no concrete action to match their words.

    Is it not just horrible that every single month, there is at least one youth conference is some part of the world where young people are rallied, paid plane tickets and per diems, given accommodation to do what? Write yet another declaration which in a matter of weeks will be gathering dust in the shelves of some office with none of what was decided in the said declaration being implemented?

    Is it not a shame that over and over again we have heard, this time we will do a follow up of activities and work with you to make sure that the decisions arrived at this summit or training or meeting are fully implemented at National, Regional and even Continental levels? But then how long do such promises last? I am led to believe that stake holders are rather competing amongst themselves to see who can organize the best youth conference and not who can implement the decisions arrived at such youth conferences. If that is not the case, what is the point hearing a call for application for two conferences on the same theme in the same month that afterwards nothing will be done?

Right now I am so tired of going to conferences, saying the same thing over and over again when I know the minute I leave all what I said will be forgotten. I am tired of reading this or that year is the international year of the youth- So what? They can organize more conferences for young people to attend and then what next? I am fed up seeing how the plight of young people is being selfishly used by individuals to enrich themselves , defending budgets that are to be used to carry out activities targeting young people which only end up in private bank accounts, construction of mansions and purchase of posh cars while young people languishing in their plight.

  It is even more shameful, that issues surrounding young people’s sexual reproductive health and rights which should stand at the core of international youth conferences are often ignored, so ignored to the extent that when you use an abbreviation like SRHR when referring to young peoples’  sexual and reproductive health and rights ,  people go like “what is he/she saying? tell me if it is not just very disappointing  that when you tell them over forty-one percent of new HIV infections occur in young people aged 15-24, that Each year, 15 million young women ages 15 to 19 give birth, of which 13 million are in developing countries, and as if that is not enough, these same Young women are more vulnerable to the HIV epidemic than men–62 percent of those infected youth are female and they look at you in awe?

I guess my reader can understand why I am so bitter for am absolutely tired of hearing of such things like an international year of the youth when at the end of it we cannot look back and say we made a difference,(even though there are a few good guys out there making a difference), I will equally not want to hear of the decade of the youth when at the end of it we will still have increased deaths caused by HIV and other STIs, abortions, drugs, homophobia which are all issues that are completely preventable if all what we have been hearing all these years was not just  been rhtoric.

 It is therefore imperative that there be increased commitment and investment in youth, increased youth participation and partnerships, and increased intercultural understanding among youth which will go a long way in bringging about considerable change in the prevailing situation.

By Abongwa Victor
International Youth Journalist

Share This Article

The Condoms4Life Campaign led by the World Youth Day 4 All Coalition is creating a buzz in Madrid, Spain that “Good Catholics Use Condoms.” Over the next five days, the Coalition will be promoting this message among Catholic young people who are at World Youth Day to raise their awareness about the need for condoms in HIV prevention efforts.

Despite the effectiveness of condoms, Pope Benedict has banned the use of condoms and all forms of contraceptives. According to Denise Ryan, a sexual and reproductive health trainer with the Irish Family Planning Association, “everyone should know of the pivotal role that condoms play in preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS.” Many people know this, but some are unable to use condoms for a variety of reasons, including religious and cultural beliefs.

In Ireland, where the Catholic Church has deep roots, public opinions do not correspond with the Vatican’s ban on condoms. 72 percent of all Irish Catholics believe the Catholic Church should support the use of condoms. There are now 6,900 people living with HIV in Ireland. A similar poll commissioned by Catholics for Choice in 2007 revealed that globally Catholics support the use of condoms because they prevent the spread of HIV.

The ban on contraceptives does not only affect Catholics, as non-Catholics who use their institutions, such as schools and health centres, are unable to access such services.

Richael O’Hagan, a member of the International Youth Leadership Council at Advocates for Youth and student at Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic university in the United States. Georgetown observes the Vatican’s ban on condoms and other forms of contraception. She shared her experience with the members of her Coalition and the media this morning:

The University does not distribute condoms or other forms of contraception at its Student Health Center, nor does it distribute the morning-after pill at its hospital – even for rape victims. When one of my friends went to the Student Health Center with concerns that she was pregnant, they recommended that she go to a clinic several miles away to obtain a birth control prescription because they were not permitted to write a prescription for her themselves. Furthermore, all staff member are prohibited from distributing condoms to students. Students can only distribute condoms in the “free speech” zone of campus.

It’s not like students at Georgetown have no need for condoms. By the time they graduate from college, about 70 percent of people are sexually active. 98 percent of sexually active Catholic women use birth control not approved by the church. The ban on condoms just doesn’t reflect the reality of students’ lives. Yet, this policy is present at many of the other 240 Catholic universities in the United States, putting thousands of students at risk who expect to be cared for by their college in addition to receiving a good education. Those universities who deny their students access to the right to protect themselves from HIV and unintended pregnancy fail to respect their student body as a group of intelligent adults who can make their own decisions.

Georgetown, as well as other Catholic universities, are very proud that not only Catholic students attend their universities, yet the Vatican’s ban on condoms is forced upon its students of other faiths whose religions make no doctrine against the use of contraception, thereby putting them at increased risk of HIV as well.

In Washington DC, HIV prevalence is 3.2 percent—7 times higher than that of the United States as a whole. In fact, Washington DC’s high HIV prevalence rate makes for a generalized epidemic and is greater than in a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite this dangerous reality and student pressure to change the university’s policy, school administrators hold firmly to the policy that condoms and other forms of contraception cannot be distributed on campus.

Launched in 2001 on World AIDS Day, the “Condoms4Life is a public education effort to raise awareness about the devastating effect of the bishop’s ban on condoms,” Marissa Valeri, the coordinator of the campaign highlighted.

Many have said that the campaign is anti-Catholic and promotes promiscuity and pre-marital sex among young people. However, Ryan said the Condoms4Life campaign urges the Catholic Church to continue its strong record of achieving social justice by lifting its ban on condoms […so] everyone can know the pivotal role condoms play in preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS.”

I couldn’t agree more.

Share This Article

 In Ghana, young people who call themselves “foot soldiers” are angry. They have threats for their party leadership and the government they elected. In Arab there is a revolution and in London, a rampage we all haven’t yet forgotten about. All these events tells us one thing; we do not need a high level UN confab for the world to know that paying lip service to issues of youth development spells nothing but trouble for our already stressed planet.

As the world continues to feel the impact of the economic crisis, youth respond by looking for solutions. Young people who believe in non-violence are more than those who do not. Inclusion and full participation of youth is key to a sustainable existence as this year’s theme spells “sustainability, our challenge, our future.”

Sexual health and reproductive rights often de-emphasized remains a major concern among young people. A healthy and just global sexual climate energizers young people to face up to other changes; we will not be able to tackle our economic challenges if we do not, as stated in the African youth charter, “secure the full involvement of youth in indentifying their reproductive and health needs and designing programs that respond to these needs with special attention to vulnerable and disadvantaged youth”

The former President of Ghana, JJ Rawlings, said sustaining a progressive march towards a more inclusive role by the youth in national affairs is the responsibility of all sectors of the economy. He added that he hopes this year celebration of world youth day will serve as an inspiration for the future.

Young people in Ghana (as across the globe) as part of our strategy to mobilize greater commitment to addressing youth sexual health and reproductive rights concerns, seeks to partner with leaders who have prioritize these issues at political levels. Unfortunately, there are not too many such leaders to be counted.

Our leader can start from dedicating 15% of our national budget to health as per the Abuja declaration.

Happy International Youth day! to all young people working towards a better world.

Share This Article

Do you know if god has reserved a special place for persons who are opposed to the use of condoms and other forms of contraceptives? Perhaps there is also one especially for those who persecute homosexuals in Jamaica or women in Pakistan who are thought to have “dishonoured” their family.

Let us pause for a moment to think about these people:

The woman in the Philippines who must give birth to another child that she will be unable to feed. If not, she must practice natural family planning and risk being beaten by her husband for refusing to have her vagina penetrated by his penis another time. She is also unable to protect herself from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
The young people who use drugs to escape and cope with all the problems they have in their life. They find solace with a bunch of street youth who use drugs. In many instances, they share needles to inject drugs. Many of them become HIV positive, yet the most acceptable solution to harm reduction are more laws to criminalize them and lock them away in a jail cell — thinking this will solve their problems.
The young gay man in a homophobic country like Jamaica or Uganda that is unable express his identity freely. He was never given the appropriate information and services he needed to safeguard his health at school or his community clinic.
The lesbian in Zimbawe who is routinely raped by men as a way to cleanse her sexually, show her how being with a man feels like, which should ultimately make her heterosexual.
The young Catholic woman, born HIV positive, married to the man she loves but is told by her Bishop not to have sex, since condoms “kills babies”. What about protecting her husband from becoming HIV positive too.
The young HIV positive person who is the subject of much discrimination and harassment — refused entry to an educational institution or a country they wanted to visit.
The young girl who in India was deemed to have dishonoured her family and must pay the cost. She was raped by a group of men (perhaps without condoms) as a punishment for what she has done.

I do not know what god you serve, but I doubt any would sanction these violations. There are many other stories. Maybe those of us who fight for the rights of oppressed people missed an important lesson at church, mosque, or wherever it is we congregate.

It is alarming to hear people speak of these human rights struggles. Many of us, even myself a human rights activist, do not know the half of what many people are subjected to. Much of our knowledge is based on what we have read in a report or seen on a documentary, yet we find it so unbearable. Imagine the people live in these circumstances. I can only imagine what the people who bear these sufferings everyday experience. In some countries where these human rights discrimination occur, they are often supported by the state and faith-based organisations.

There is too much intolerance, hate and violence — much of which is motivated by prejudice and ignorance. How can we as Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Rastafarians, or whatever our faith, be comfortable and even glorify others when they promote or perpetually discriminate against others? This is unjust. I don’t know much about religion, especially outside of my own region, but from my understanding they all agree on one thing: there is a god and he/she teaches us to love each other.

It is time we all do something about this. I encourage you to change our world to make it a better place. No one should be subjected to such harsh circumstances, especially when we can do something about it.

Share This Article

The world we live in is such a crazy place. It’s so crazy that people get away with doing the wrongs they do without getting caught or punished. We never stop to think of the fact that these young people who are victims of circumstances, stigmatised could either be your neighbour, sister, best friend cousin, mother or even you. These people only exist as citizens but do not live a life of their own and no one seems to care about them. Maybe we have heard their stories before, maybe we haven’t but it is about time we listen to these delimited Nigerians. Recently, I caught with a couple of youngsters and they were willing to allow the inner me speak out:
One said: “if I was ever told it would be me, I sure would have raised an eyebrow. But am 17 and thinking of a third abortion—am seen as the good girl at church but I wonder, how good really is this church girl?”
Another said: she was raped at five and it was at her uncle’s house, since her parents were always at logger heads she needed to find solace in someone. Unfortunately, the someone became a monster in her life.
Am not writing these to make anyone feel sorry for them. I believe it is about time we don’t just speak about it but we stand to advocate against violence against women and girls.
Although, there are still so many confused youths, but so far, the just concluded celebration of international women’s day proved how willing and passionate young people could be in their bid to push for change: I was appalled at the number of young people using social networks to talk about the need to safe guard the future of our girls and that of our mothers.
However, let’s raise our glasses to celebrate the international year of the youth. It has been a year of tremendous achievements from youths in different spheres of life. As our theme for this year moves us to mutual understanding, I believe we have attained that level and we are not ready to rest on our oars.
It has really been a year worth celebrating…..

Share This Article

December 2010, the Youth Advocates Group (YAG) launched the RED CARD campaign to push Nigerian legislators to pass the ANTI-STIGMA BILL. YAG had previously made recommendations on the bill during the public hearing in November 2010. In preparation for the launching of the campaign, YAG set out into 12 states to engage young people in the signing of the RED CARD to their representatives. Youth participation was meaningful as 2, 010 young people signed the RED CARD. Also, messages on the RED CARD by the youth were real, diverse and on point. YAG also called for a press briefing with the media that made a huge buzz on the news “Youth to give Senator Iyabo Obasanjo Bello a RED CARD”

In April 2011, YAG launched out into the communities, mobilizing young people on the need to use their voting right to choose a bright future. We didn’t just stop there, we also created a platform for interaction between the political aspirants and the youth. The interactive session brought about some level of dialogue and mutual understanding.

Come July 2011, YAG wasn’t left, out as the Federal Ministry of Health summoned us to participate in the sensitization workshop for the Action Plan for Advancing Young People’s Health and Development in Nigeria and they also allowed us to lead in the process of costing the action plan. It was an awesome experience and a clear demonstration of meaningful youth participation in policy-making processes.

Then, when we thought our leaders had gone on recess and there would be no one to lobby or advocate to, we came up with the sensitization workshop for committee members staffs. YAG brought it down BIG. They thought we were ordinary young Nigerians who were just looking for recognition but we showed them we got stuff. Though getting into the National Assembly to deliver the letters was so difficult but we survived it. Even when we got the letters in, getting their commitment to attend wasn’t any easier but we survived it.

11th August, the day all YAG members had so much anticipated. It was the first of its kind for us. It was the day for the sensitization workshop. Committee members staff showed up a little late but we still started in good time. The event began, PowerPoint presentation on YAGs goal, objectives, activities, successes and challenges was 1st. Then, another presentation on the use and importance of the National Policy on the Health and Development of Adolescent and Young people in Nigeria (NPHDAYPN) and the National Strategic Framework on the Health and Development of Adolescent and Young People in Nigeria + the Action plan for Advancing Young People’s Health and Development in Nigeria. The YAG was also part of the process in developing these documents.

The committee member staffs were seriously trying to keep their cool but we took the better part of them when we showed 2 video documentaries on “Access to Youth Friendly Centers”, which was collated and produced by YAG. They couldn’t help it but show how impressed they were and appreciative of the fact that they gained knowledge and understanding of things young people learn mostly by experience. They realized we were not cup-caked, buttered, spoilt kids but saw that we knew what it meant to be broken, deprived and to survive in a world of injustice.

I said all that to say this: As we celebrate August 12, the International Year of Youth, the journey has just began. Let us be reminded that as we count and rejoice over the successes of yesterday, greatness lies ahead. We are the paddle to the great ship of Africa, even Nigeria. The multi-billion ideas that will turn our continent around lies within us. Though we continue to strive and hope that full transformation happens in our generation, Let us not rest on our oars. Let us continue to paddle, fight and give with every breathe in us, so that even if total transformation doesn’t happen in our time, whoever takes the baton while we are gone, will take also, the spirit of patriotism and run with passion.

Happy International Youth Day, the fight continues and the best is yet to come.

Share This Article

 Today marks the closing of the International Year of Youth and sadly no major advancements for youth took place in Jamaica over this time period. To date not many Jamaican youth are even aware that the past year was officially recognized and highlighted by the United Nations as the International Year of Youth. Further to this there was no national/officially organized event to highlight the important of this day to the young people of my country and the youth of the world :(

Today as I join the rest of the world in celebrating and acknowledging the role of young people in making our global community a better place it is my deepest desire that the leaders of my country will begin to invest more wholeheartedly in our youth. As I look at the issues highlight in the recently published Jamaica National Youth Survey 2010 which included among other things a need for education and training for our young people as well as the need for sexuality education and family planning services I realize that we are a far way from where we need to be as it related to youth and sustainable development. The theme for International Youth Day 2011 “Change our world” is particularly important to me because I want to see REAL CHANGE not just more statements and messages but actions, implementation. I want to see meaningful youth engagement and active demonstration of consistent youth involvement in decision making processes.

Today the 12th day of August I have decided to use the harsh realities of my country as motivation to continue my work as a youth advocate, and not be discouraged. As I stated in my very first facebook post of the day “The world needs youths, our ideas and our voice, the difference between the world of today and our world tomorrow rests with us, the young people! (Excerpt from the 2011 International Youth Day message of the Pan Commonwealth Youth Caucus)”

Together WE can create the change we want to see in the world!!!

One Love.

Share This Article

The Filipino Struggle for Reproductive Health Rights & Justice

There has been a long struggle for reproductive health (RH) rights in the Philippines. This is not uncommon as there are many countries where some aspects of reproductive rights are not guaranteed. However, the Philippines is one of five countries worldwide with no reproductive health law.

Many pro-RH activists have come about as a result but they are outnumbered by the power of conservative Filipino Catholics. Not all Catholics are conservative and opposition to reproductive rights is led mainly by the Hierachy of the Catholic Church. Activists are fighting for access to contraceptives and family planning education – something many of us young people in North America, Latin America, Caribbean, Europe and parts of Africa take for granted. Most of my friends are at this stage advocating comprehensive sex education and universal access to contraceptives, even for persons below the age of consent in their country. Many of us are unaware of the ongoing struggles in the Philippines for reproductive rights and justice.

The Philippines at a Glance
Like my own country, Jamaica, abortion is illegal in the Philippines. In 2000, former Mayor Jose “Lito” Atienza made the situation worse when he passed a blanket ban on all forms of contraception in Manila City. Although there are 4,000 new births daily, which continue to hamper the country’s economic growth, women in the Philippines are unable to prevent pregnancy, even when it would jeopardize their lives, health, or ability to feed their families. The consequences of this — poverty, spousal abuse, illiteracy, hunger, among others are the lived experience of many Filipinos.

Pro-RH advocates continue to challenge this grave violation of the human rights of Filipino’s, especially women, despite much opposition from the Catholic Church. The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) has threatened to excommunicate any politician who supports the Reproductive Health Bill. You can’t help but ask “why are they so intent on violating the human rights of Filipinos and perpetuating their suffering in the name of God?”

There are over 90 million persons living in the Philippines; 85 percent of them are Catholic. I am not Catholic, nor do I know much about Catholicism. I am not atheist. I must also confess that my understanding of the Catholic’s position on reproductive rights and justice is perhaps a biased one. You could easily blame this on my own beliefs, religious and otherwise, and the video documentary “Trouble with the Pope.” I decided to write this blog because I believe every human, regardless of their religious persuasion, should have a right to protection from sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and unplanned pregnancies.

I am happy that not all Filipinos (perhaps not the majority) support the conservative views of some Catholics. According to a survey conducted by Social Weather Stations (SWS), a public opinion polling body, 71 percent of Filipinos are in favour of the passage of the RH Bill. 76 percent also want family planning education in public schools. This would be a step in the right direction to provide universal access to methods and information on birth control and maternal care. This would be welcomed with open arms in many of our countries.

Catholic groups have said that the RH Bill promotes a "culture of death and immorality" by promoting abortion and promiscuity among youth. What about the freedom of choice — a fundamental human right? I guess this has its distinctions too.

Reproductive Health Rights Are Important
It is very important that we all remember family planning is a fundamental human right. Any attempt to take this away from a man or woman constitutes discrimination. In 2008, based on an investigation led by the Centre for Reproductive Rights, twenty women from Manila City filed a case claiming that the policy violated their rights and should be removed. The case was dismissed on technical grounds.

I visited the Anti-RH BILL (Philippines) page on the popular social networking website, Facebook, to learn more about why people are so opposed to something so very important to millions of Filipinos. The comments that were in English were shocking to say the least. Many of them are the same we would hear when we talk about abortion in the United States or even in Jamaica.

A comment from one user was:

SEX is for MARRIED LIFE which they can PRO-CREATE. After having babies, it’s their decision for doing NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING or ABSTINENCE if they want to.

Where did we get the idea that relationships are for the sole purpose of procreation? And if that is the case, does it mean then that a relationship between a woman and man, where one is infertile is illegitimate? Where does love, adoration and companionship find place in relationships then? Furthermore, if a couple decides they only want two children, since we know that withdrawal (a natural family method) isn’t very effective should they stop having sex or wait to have sex until they are ready to have children? Who told Catholics that sex isn’t for enjoyment too?

Another user said:

Protect Lives, Preserve the Productivity of the Nation, Protect our Moral Values

The rates of unintended pregnancy in the Philippines are high. Where does the protection of the lives of poor women who struggle to feed numerous children while living in abject poverty come in? Public hospitals are a hub for those who resort to unsafe abortion. Contraception save lives. That is what everyone in the Philippines should care about.

Share This Article

by Bianca Laureano

This is a series of posts from the sexuality course I am teaching this summer. Check out the first, second and third  weeks. If you are interested in receiving some of the readings, syllabus, and workbook assignments please leave a comment with a way to contact you.

The last week of class has a series of guest speakers discussing topics that range from sex work, HIV and AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and our final class will be an evaluation of the course, turning in of the final projects (information below of those) and a conversation with author and artists Ivan Velez, Jr. regarding his book Tales of the Closet.

There are two options for the final project: either a traditional research paper on the topic of the student’s choice or rewriting a form of media to represent inclusivity, responsibility, and accountability regarding sexual health, sexuality, and reproductive justice from the student’s perspective which is accompanied by an analysis. The final post will be about our conversation with Ivan Velez, Jr., what questions folks had for him and how he responded to them and I’ll share some of the topics students chose to (re)write about. Because we spend a good amount of time discussing the final project this week’s discussion and notes are not as long as the previous ones but still include good information and highlights of our conversations!

Day 9
Sex Work

This class discussion required students to do some reading in their textbook as well as a chapter from the book Sun, Sex and Gold: Tourism and Sex Work in the Caribbean, an anthology by Kamala Kempadoo. This anthology was one of the first by Caribbean scholars discussing and addressing gender, race, class, ethnicity, im/migration, citizenship, and how it intersects with sex work in the Caribbean. They read Joan Phillips article “The Case of the Beach Boy and White Female Tourist” which focuses on a historical analysis of sex work in Barbados from colonization to present. Her article turns the stereotype that primarily women engage in sex work and men as their clients by sharing her qualitative data of Bajan men who court and partner with racially White women (mostly from Europe) who are on vacation in exchange for profit. The profit in this case may be food, shelter, alcohol, access to places only tourists and their company may enter, clothing, and sometimes money.

Students were also asked to watch the first 15 minutes of the documentary “Rent A Rasta” which discusses the same exchange Phillips discusses, however the sex tourism occurs in Jamaica. The second part of the documentary focuses on Rastafarian religion and connections to exploiting the identity of being a Rasta based on stereotypes people living abroad may have. The film is also narrated in a way that is, in my opinion, misogynistic and sexist. It is one thing to state how this is a social issue and how it is impacted and influenced by colonization, racism, classism and religious inequality versus identifying the women in the film in degrading ways. The film is a useful example for folks who “don’t believe” the Philips article is true or relevant today and a useful tool in deconstructing and being a critical media consumer.

RENT A RASTA from cinepobre.com on Vimeo.

At the beginning of this lecture I write the following terms on the board: “Sex Worker,” “Prostitute,” and “Trafficking.” I begin by asking students how they would define the term “prostitute.” I start with this term because it is the terms that out of the three, folks have a working understanding or knowledge of. Because this is an upper level course, students have very inclusive definitions for “prostitute.” Students came up with the definition of “exchanging sex/ual services for profit/shelter/food/security/clothing/etc.” Students did not come to an agreement as to if this term was only applicable to street prostitution or “high end escorts” (similar to whom government officials/politicians have been connected to). From this conversation I was able to discuss a hierarchy that exists not just in our society and community, but also within the sex work field. It is not uncommon to hear that street prostitution is the “lowest” form of sex work, being connected to ideas of class, access, race, ethnicity, documentation status, ability, gender, and age.

I then introduced the term “sex worker” as a self-identifier that many sex workers have come to use as a term to identify themselves (this is of course personal choice/preference for each individual sex worker). The term has a few points that are important to understand, especially for people who may work with this population. It is:

1. A term some use to self-identify
2. A term that challenges ideas on what work is and to recognize that sex work is a form of labor and work (i.e. working certain hours, being organized, having the tools of the trade (i.e. condoms, barrier methods, safety outlets, healthcare), professionalism, negotiation, etc.)
3. Inclusive of a range of types of work in the sex field (listed below from our conversation)
4. Recognizes that sex workers are not just their job/career. That sex workers are more than just sex workers –  they are activists, parents, writers, artists, partners, children, siblings, etc. This one identity does not describe the entire person.

I then asked students what types of work they think would be included in the term “sex work” and her is a list they came up with: video dancer, nude model, exotic dancer/”stripper,” phone operator, cyber sex, massaging, dominatrix, escort, street prostitution, and pornography.

We then discussed the difference between “sex work” and “trafficking.”  Students had heard of the term “trafficking” and I made clear that people who are trafficked are:
1. NOT consenting, but forced to engage in such work
2. Often considered kidnapped or held hostage against their will
3. May be drugged or manipulated in other abusive ways
4. May be considered missing in their homeland/location of origin
5. Are victims/survivors of a crime, as trafficking is a crime
6. Also trafficked for other types of work, such as forced labor in unsafe and unsanitary conditions

For many students it was necessary to make clear that sex workers make conscious decisions to engage in the work they are doing. Even if their options and choices are minimal, sex workers may make a choice to do that particular work. Whereas, people who are trafficked are not making a choice, that choice is being taken from them and this is an example of sexualization in a negative way from when we discussed the Circles of Sexuality.

At this time we had a guest speaker join us. She helped me co-lecture on a few additional points I wanted to make about sex work. We discussed how sex work in some forms, such as street prostitution is a crime in the US. We discussed how this is a good example of the social construction of crime: how crimes are determined by societies and thus given certain types of punishments. In the US, many argue that sex work is a “quality of life crime,” something that in NYC has a very specific history. 

I had mentioned again the three camps that emerged from the Feminist Sex Wars in the US. These included anti-pornography, anti-censorship, and pro-sex. I shared how for many folks in these spaces, they fall in the same space when it comes to sex work: anti-pornography folks may often argue that sex work and prostitution must be criminalized and remain illegal. Some ideas connected to this are that sex work harms women; it is not “good” for women, and focusing on using police resources to limit this is a good thing. Folks who identified as anti-censorship may fall in a similar space in that some people may argue that people who engage in sex work should not be targeted as criminals, especially for consenting encounters, and often make this point for folks who are over 18 years old. Pro-sex folks may argue that sex workers must be supported, provided with resources that are useful for them at that time and not centered on recruiting them out of their field (unless they indicate that they wish for that themselves). There is also a focus on de-criminalizing sex work with the idea that police resources can be used more effectively on other crimes beyond consensual sexual encounters among adults. Again, I shared that some students may find themselves falling into one of these three categories, but there are others as well, such as being in between certain categories, and that our opinions and ideas do shift and change and people have been known to be on one side of the debate and after having a particular experience or knowledge they shift to another.

I shared some data that indicates that women are arrested at higher rates for sex work when all genders go into sex work at equal rates. We discussed why the focus would be on women and some of the comments by students included:
1. gender stereotypes about women and men, masculinity and femininity
2. fear of safety
3. to curb violence
4. ideas that boys/men can protect themselves (goes back to gender stereotypes)
5. patriarchal views of women needing to be “saved” and “protected”
6. Homophobia by police (in that policemen will go undercover as clients for sex workers who are women, but will not do the same for sex workers that are men when they are expected to “uphold the law” for everyone, not just women)

I mentioned briefly the Safe Harbor for Exploited Children Act in New York will provide specific services for youth who are trafficked and/or sexually exploited. This law (which was passed) in NY provides youth with services versus incarceration via the juvenile justice system. It may provide youth with social workers, shelter via foster care, and Medicaid (to name a few specifics), which are many of the resources that are already offered to youth who are considered “persons in need of supervision” (PINS).

Most of the guest speaker’s presentation focused on current experiences and laws that have been enacted in the US regarding sex work. She spoke about the “Craigslist Killer”  who was targeting women who posted ads on Craigslist and identified as escorts. A good discussion of how the media represents such crimes emerged; along with the ways women (especially women of Color, immigrant women, working class women, and women with disabilities) are portrayed by the media when they come forward regarding experiencing abuse and violence. Two NY-specific examples were shared and these include: the case of reported sexual assault by Dominique Strauss-Kahn towards a Guinean hotel worker and the two NYC police officers that were recently acquitted of raping a fashion executive who was intoxicated (the officers were convicted of police misconduct and sentenced to a year in prison). 

Our guest speaker also discussed how technology and the internet have changed the way our society views sex work and criminalizes and protects us. For example, we have not always had specific laws regarding online encounters, harassment, stalking, and violence. As our society evolves our need to examine, implement, and update our laws and protections shifts as well. The class made connections to the Phillips reading and how women are treated when they come forward regarding abuse, as the men interviewed by Phillips did not have any positive statements to make about Bajan women in their communities. They saw these as examples of gender discrimination.

Day 10

This class solely focused on HIV and AIDS in the US and worldwide, rates of infection, ways HIV is transmitted, media impact on messaging regarding HIV, and ways to live healthy if people are living positive, and how to stay HIV negative. I lectured for an hour before we were joined by two presenters from Love Heals, the Allison Gertz Foundation for AIDS Education .

Students were asked to watch the entire PBS Frontline series online: The Age of AIDS.
 The documentary is extremely thorough and gives a good background to the origins and history of HIV in the US and around the world. If you too want to watch this documentary make sure to turn your pop-up blockers off as another screen is needed to view the films by chapter. They also read the article: As AIDS Turns 30, Fewer Americans Feel At Risk, which highlights how long HIV has been known to have existed in the US.

To start I asked students what new information they learned from watching the documentary The Age of AIDS. Students shared that they learned how scientists first began to understand the disease, how the disease is spread through IV drug use/syringes, the media’s role in HIV messaging, and stigma still attached to people living with HIV. I began by sharing how there are many beliefs from many different people about how HIV came to exist among us. Many students were familiar with the ideas of HIV being a government conspiracy against certain populations as a form of population control and eugenics; HIV being a curse for some past decision/experience a person made. I shared that regardless of how folks believe HIV to have arrived, it is here and it is our individual and collective job to know about it and how to prevent ourselves from contracting HIV and living healthy if we are living positive with HIV.

I shared that scientists believe, as stated in the film (part four “Scientific Breakthroughs”), that HIV is a virus that originated through hunter gathering communities (those that hunted their own food and cooked it). The belief is that some primates that were eaten had the virus and because they were consumed in ways that their meat was not completely cooked (perhaps raw) that the mucus membranes in our mouth, throat, and esophagus absorbed that virus and it mutated into a form that impacted humans in a specific way.

When HIV was first seen in the US the population that were dying were overwhelmingly gay white men. It is homophobia that lead to the first name for HIV which was GRID (Gay Related Immune Deficiency)  which narrowly and inaccurately gave the impression only gay men can contract the virus. US doctors and government knew that this diagnosis and label was incorrect because all over the world people with similar illnesses were arriving at hospitals and seeking treatment. Heterosexual women in Haiti who were mothers, wives, daughters; heterosexual men in Angola, men and women in Europe, of all sexual orientations were exhibiting the exact same immune deficiencies as the gay white men in the US. However, our government chose to promote a message that it only impacted certain communities by ignoring what the rest of the world was experiencing.

Shortly after an increase in the numbers of IV drug users who use syringes for drugs were found to be a community at risk and experiencing similar immune deficiencies. Thus the name GRID was no longer applicable and the term HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) emerged. I shared how the rates of HIV infection for this population have gone down dramatically. Today more than 95% of new HIV infections in the US are contracted through unprotected sexual activities. Much of the reason why IV drug users rates have declined is because of harm reduction approaches that teach users how to clean their needles, provide needle exchange programs, and support for folks in need at any given time. Even though such harm reductionists approaches have worked for that population, they have not been implemented for other groups at risk for contracting HIV in the same way.

The number of newly infected people each year includes women, women of Color, heterosexual women, and older adults. All of these people report contracting HIV through unprotected sex. We then discussed the NPR article regarding stigma. I shared that they have all lived in a world where HIV has existed, that for many of their parents and professors and older people in their lives, this is not the case; we remember times when there was never any HIV. I asked why they think people in the US do not think they are at risk for HIV infection and their reasons included: stigma, denial, ignorance, fear, stereotypes, lack of education, age, cultural beliefs, and believing it “can’t happen to them.” We discussed each in detail. For example, when discussing denial, students mentioned how choosing to be in denial about HIV and the risk of infection means that people don’t have to be prepared, or get tested, or know their options.

At this time our two guest speakers from Love Heals arrived and they provided much needed HIV 101 regarding how HIV is transmitted, what bodily fluids transmit HIV (semen, vaginal secretions, pre-ejaculatory fluid, blood, and breast milk) and which do not (sweat, saliva). Sharing a statistic that every hour two young people in the US are infected with HIV, they discussed the difference between HIV (the virus) and AIDS (the syndrome) and how in the US an AIDS diagnosis is given when a person is living with less than 200 T-cells/white blood cells. They also discussed what T-cells/white blood cells are (fighter cells in our immune system) and how they impact HIV status (HIV destroys them lowering the immune system). They also discussed modes of protection for contracting HIV (abstinence, getting tested, using barrier methods, communication, and education) and took other questions as they came up.

As Love Heals often does, they partner a health educator who provides the HIV 101 with a speaker who is living positive with HIV. Students heard the other speaker share their story of infection, which occurred during their first sexual encounter where a barrier method was not used. The speaker shared their experience discovering their status, getting tested, disclosing to family and friends, finding support, and living healthy today. There were many questions for the positive speaker, such as why they chose not to use a barrier method, how are they coping with family issues, how does this impact their dating life today, and what goals do they have in the future.

After the speakers left students shared that this was one of the best presentations they have had regarding HIV, and as a group they have seen a lot of presentations! NYC has an HIV mandate that requires public schools (and charter schools) to provide a certain amount of HIV education to students. They shared that hearing a personal account of living with HIV helped them understand and humanize the virus, they felt that the presentation was conversation, it was a discussion not a lecture where they were being talked at, but talked to, and that they were encouraged to talk to their friends and family members about HIV.

Day 11
Sexually Transmitted Infections

This session focused on all other STIs (sexually transmitted infections) which the textbook highlights in a very accessible way and includes, transmission, symptoms, and ways some STIs may be cured. An additional reading for this class was Guatemalans Sue Over US Syphilis Tests  which highlights how Guatemalans were deliberately infected with Syphilis and gonorrhea are seeking compensation.

I asked if there were any questions about HIV from last class that may have come up after class that they wanted to discuss. There were several questions! Students asked if there are laws regarding someone who does not disclose their status but has unprotected sex with someone, can the HIV positive person be prosecuted. In NY there are no laws, however in other states there are, but these laws are often focused on proving the person who is living positive had intent to infect other people. There must be an understanding of responsibility for all people involved. If a person who is HIV negative does not ask about their partner’s status, does not choose to use barrier methods, and then wants to claim their partner may have infected them, that person must take responsibility for their actions. This person chose to engage in sexual activity that was consensual, they chose not to use a barrier method, and they chose not to ask about their partners sexual health history and HIV status. This is one of the reasons communication, education, barrier methods and waiting to have sex work very well to limit HIV infection.

Other questions included how HIV positive people can give birth to HIV negative babies, how HIV can be transmitted via oral sex, and specific questions about getting tested. We had a good conversation about HIV and the connections to class and wealth. Many students know that the former NBA basketball player Magic Johnson is living positive with HIV, but they had heard he was no longer testing positive for the virus. I shared that he has a low viral load,  but he still has the virus in his body, can still transmit it to his wife, and that they probably will use barrier methods for the remainder of their marriage when they have sex. Many students believe that his viral load is low because of his wealth. We discussed this as one possibility. As someone who can afford to live in environmentally safe and healthy spaces, can eat organic and locally grown foods, and afford the newest and most effective HIV medications, he has a great advantage in comparison to folks without his status and wealth.

This great dialogue took up a majority of the time I had planned to lecture before our guest speaker arrived. I quickly listed the following STIs by categories: Viral: HIV, HPV, Herpes, Hepatitis B &C; Bacterial: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Urinary Tract Infections; Parasites: Crabs, Scabies and Lice; Fungal: Yeast Infections (for all genders, yes people with penis’ can get yeast infections!). Although these are not all of the STIs these are some of the most common that I wanted to highlight.

For viral infections I shared how these are always with someone once they contract the virus. That some medications can help with symptoms of the virus (i.e. herpes outbreaks) but that does not mean it is a cure for the virus, it is just helping alleviate the symptoms. Bacterial infections are all curable, but they require a diagnosis, which means access to a medical provider. The first two STIs: Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are the most common not only on college campuses but also in NYC. If a person is diagnosed with either of these they can take a dosage of medication, which can be administered either orally or via a injection. This person must also share with their partner(s) who must also get tested and treated. If this does not occur re-infection is likely.

When discussing Syphilis I highlighted the reading they did for this session on Guatemalans being given this illness and connected this to the Tuskegee Experiments which monitored the affects of Syphilis on Black men in Alabama over a forty year period beginning in 1932. I shared that during this time a cure for Syphilis was discovered, but a racist and classist agenda was still being used to see how Syphilis impacted racially Black people versus racially white people. This experiment is one reason why we have informed consent for medical and health practices. It may also be one of the reasons some communities have difficulty trusting medical providers and professionals.

We spoke about crabs briefly, and I shared how this is also a curable STI and some symptoms include intense itching, redness and sometimes a rash for some people. The treatment may include foam for the pubic hair to be washed and an oral pill as well. There were questions about if urinary tract infections can be transmitted to a partner and if herbal remedies can cure some of the fungal issues. I shared that some folks believe that drinking 100% pure cranberry juice (not the name brand stuff with tons of sugar), eating yogurt, and drinking some forms of tea do help in curbing some illnesses like yeast and tract infections. However, it is likely that if a person goes to a Western medical doctor, the doctor will most likely encourage the patient to use medication and then go about preventative measures after using the medication and healing.

Our guest speaker for this hour joined us. Pattie Murillo-Casa is the NYC Chapter President of Tamika and Friends, Inc. a national organization that has a focus to eliminate cervical cancer through HPV education. Pattie is a survivor of cervical cancer, which she was diagnosed with 3 years ago. She is a NYer and a retired NY police officer. She shared her personal story of being diagnosed with the HPV strain that causes cervical cancer, her chemotherapy and radiation treatments, healing, coping, and her marriage to her husband.

Patti wanted all the students to know that cervical cancer is preventable! She went through how HPV is transmitted (via skin to skin contact) and that just because someone has an HPV diagnosis does NOT mean they are promiscuous as HPV can remain dormant in the body for 10-15 years after exposure. She shared the four strains we know lead to genital warts (9 & 10) and the ones that lead to cervical cancer (16 & 18) as being considered “high risk” out of the hundreds of HPV strains. Patti made it clear that HPV is something that all sexually active people may come into contact with and compared it to the common cold. Just as our bodies and immune system can heal itself from a cold, our bodies may do the same with other strains of HPV.

Currently, there is only an HPV test for women and people with vulvas, even though men and people with penis’ are carriers as well. She discussed the two vaccines that are available for young men and women. The most popular being Gardasil www.gardasil.com which helps protect against the four strains above and has been approved for all genders ages 9-26. She also discussed Cervarix  which only focuses on strains 16 & 18 so it is only for people with vulvas and cervix. She also discussed that the vaccines are controversial as are all vaccines and it is a conversation to have with a medical provider before deciding to obtain the vaccine.

She spent some time talking about how HPV can lead to cancers that impact men and people with penis’ because penile and throat cancer are caused by strains of HPV. Patti spoke about how historically throat cancer was linked to smoking, but today we are seeing a link to HPV infection. She used the actor Michael Douglass as an example of a throat cancer survivor and that throat cancer is on the rise due to HPV infection in the throat linked to oral sex. She also shared a folder of information on how to talk to a medical provider about HPV and requesting an HPV test (they are different from pap smears as they are an additional test with samples from the cervix). Also included were resources for young people living with cancer.

Questions from the class regarding HPV were great! Students wanted to know that if HPV was passed via skin-to-skin contact could it be passed through kissing. Patti answered that at this time there is little research that indicates that but more research is being done to give us better insight. Other questions focused on ideas of being “intimate” while limiting potential HPV infection. Patti and I shared that depending on how people define abstinence, for some it may mean no penetrative intercourse, but activities such as showering together, nude cuddling, body massage near/on genitals, or rubbing of the genitals against one another may be forms of intimacy that some folks consider forms of abstinence as well, but the risk for HPV is still present.

As is the usual Tamika & Friends, Inc, way, Patti had a raffle of items for the students and one was randomly selected and given a bag of goodies that included a water bottle, jewelry, and the Pearl of Wisdom.  All other students received small gift bags of the cervical cancer rubber bracelet, buttons and pens. It was a great way to end a class about illness and symptoms. I think students learned a lot from Patti’s personal story and the information she gave them about HPV.

Patti’s goal is to reach as many NYers as possible and educate the on HPV. If you would like to have Pattie visit your community, classroom, or organization you may contact her via the Tamika & Friends, Inc. website. She is currently preparing and planning for the Walk for Cervical Cancer in NY on September 17 2011. To register for the walk or learn more about it visit the website.

Share This Article

"When women and adolescent girls have rights and opportunities, their families, communities and nations prosper." UNFPA Executive. Director – Babatunde Oshotimehin

The 2008 National Demographic Health Survey NDHS estimates that 25% of males and 50% of females between the ages of 10-19 years have commenced sexual activity. In 2008, the median age of first sexual intercourse was estimated at 17.7years for females and 20.6 years for males. These risks are increased by a low contraceptive use rate of only 15% in Nigeria. The need for health education interventions is illustrated by some grim facts: young people account for over 30% of all HIV/AIDS cases in Nigeria. The HIV prevalence among 15-19 year olds is 3.3% and 4.6% for 20-24 year olds. The STI prevalence rate among youth is 40%; however, only 4% of these curable STI are effectively treated.

Do you ever think about how the health of this youth generation, particularly girls affects you? Imagine if we had most of these health policies running effectively and properly monitored.
In many countries including Nigeria, women are the primary providers for their families, not only taking care of the household but also working outside the home. Yet, many do not enjoy basic human rights, including freedom from violence, quality health care and the right to education to mention a few.

Young people still do not have any kind of health insurance benefits. We have to pay for every service in any health institution except our parents are civil servants.

Excuse me, my mum is not a civil servant, neither does she work with a private institution. She even looks up to me to support her petty trade, where in the world am I supposed to go if I discover that I have a lump in my breast or tooth decay to get quality health care with very little cost.

I am frustrated about the way the health systems work in Nigeria. The other day, my close friend went to the clinic in her dad’s office for medical checkup. She had to lie she was under 18 so they can attend to her. At this point, I really yearn to see a Nigeria where every young person can walk into any health facility and receive quality health care. It is not rocket science. It is BASIC! .

More professionally trained youth providers should be employed. It will reduce unemployment rate of young people aside from ensuring quality services are delivered. Young people do not have access to adequate health care services. Even though the government claims that youth centers exist, young people cannot access them and they definitely cannot afford to use a public health facility.

The Nigerian government is very aware that majority of the Youth population are unemployed and the Nigerian structure and systems does not even motivate people to have their personal business. Electricity remains a constant issue. Yet the quality of education is not any better,

If young people play a vital role in attaining a sustainable developed nation and continent, how we play our roles and live our lives determine largely whether Nigeria or Africa will attain stability in all sectors in the nearest future. We are often times reminded that we are today’s future and tomorrow’s leaders. We have also heard so many times that our generation is the pillar of the African continent. Sadly, we are the most affected and vulnerable to developmental and social problems that plagues our societies.

I said all that to say this, if we truly are the future, is free basic health care services too much to ask from our government. If we truly are the pillar, is quality free education too much to ask? If we truy are the future, Is a conducive environment for development too much to ask? If we truly are the leaders, Is meaningful participation in contributing to policies that affects us too much to ask?

The world population continues to increase almost exponentially. What kind of Nigeria do our leaders intend to pass on to our generation and when they do, what will be the quality of our health status to be able to effectively lead the nation to greatness. Alternatively, is there a backup plan?

We have an opportunity and responsibility to invest in the worlds 1.8 billion adolescents and youth aged 10 to 24. They constitute more than a quarter of the world’s population and almost 90 per cent live in developing countries. Every young person deserves education, including sexuality education, and access to comprehensive health services. With the right policies, investments and social support, young people can enjoy healthier lives free of poverty and enhance prospects for peace and stability. UNFPA Exec. Dir. – Babatunde Oshotimehin

As we commemorate the International Youth Day, let us reflect on our journey so far, that we may better reposition ourselves for the challenges ahead.

Share This Article

In my growing up years, I came across friends who looked at me in the face and told me I was “not worth it”. That’s enough to increase a teenager or young person’s inferiority complex. I know just like me that many other young people have been told and are still being told how “NOT WORTH IT” they are either by friends, parents or even a loved one. People around us seem to focus more on our weakness than they do with our strengths.

Before now, youths of time past had their rights infringed or trampled upon. Nobody had the guts to speak out and push for change or make a difference, and those that did were either imprisoned or executed. But overtime, many youths within and outside Nigeria have taken a bold step to prove how “worth” it they are, by standing up to cause a change, showing how important they are and making a difference in t he various societies they represent. Some of their giant strides are the mass advocacy on HIV, issues related to SRHR and basically mediums that concerns them in general.
An example is the achievement of the Youth Advocate Group to which I am a member, had to join millions of Nigerians to advocate for the anti-stigma bill to be passed at the National Assembly through the RED-CARD campaign.
Secondly, the mass participation and advocacy done by various youth led organisations during the just concluded elections.
Our strong participation in the move for the national health bill to be passed cannot be over emphasised.
Another achievement of youths in participating in decision making especially in Nigeria, is on the issue of strike facing many federal universities. It almost became a cliché for school to run a full session without going on strike; thereby increasing the years we spend in school.
In short, we had enough of staying idle and involving in various social vices. We made up our minds to intervene in the bone of contention between the academic staffers and the federal government by engaging in a peaceful rally TAGGED: STRIKE OUT STRIKE (SOS).At the end of the rally, they all came to a compromise.
Even as we celebrate globally, the international year of the youth, we can boldly say it has been 365 days of accomplishments on our path. Dwelling on our strengths and making a difference one step at a time. So tell me aren’t we WORTH IT.

Share This Article

In the videos below, UDUAKE-BASSEY –DUKE, an AU-YVC from Nigeria and David Akonya from Kenya share their experiences as AU-YVCs in the second batch of training that held in Malabo- equatorial Guinea FROM JUNE 15TH-JULY 1ST 2011.

    Uduake is an HIV/AIDS activist for women living with HIV from disadvantaged areas who came to the training with the hope of being deployed and meeting with young professionals she could later network with. The major shortcoming of the training to her was the over simplistic nature of some of the modules of the training since the organizers did not take into account the different academic backgrounds from which participants were from. To her there should have been some clustering according academic qualifications, that way people would not feel like they were wasting precious time.

  David on the other hand is an environmentalist from “We have faith foundation”( a non -profit organization committed to fight climate change) who came to the AU-YVC with the hope of meeting with other young people from around Africa who share the same values(environmental conservation and protection ) and he hoped to share his experiences with them and go home or deployed better equipped to serve and equally to better address environmental issues wherever he will be deployed.

by Abongwa Victor
International Youth Jornalist

Share This Article

Our election has come and gone but the euphoria is still in the air. Youth participation in elections this year amounts to the highest in Nigeria’s history. Who would have thought young people would come out in such numbers to exercise their voting power considering the fact that they face a lot developmental challenges such as unemployment, poverty, high rate of HIV infection, illiteracy and so on. Still, we came out and made a huge impact in terms of participation and voting who we thought would deliver.

Nigerian youths like never before spoke out. Different organizations committed resources to educating and sensitizing youths in the rural communities on the importance of voting a credible leader. An indigenous artist, Ty Bello released a National theme Song for the Nigerian youths titled “We are the Future”. Enough is Enough Nigeria; a youth coalition hosted a Presidential debate, Education as a Vaccine carried out an interactive session in 4 states educating and sensitizing young people on the need for them to vote credible leadership into power so that they can subsequently hold their government accountable at their level. The Interactive sessions also created a platform for these young people at the grassroots to dialogue with political aspirants on specific issues such as health and education. All these were done in the bid towards youth participation and knowing the quality of aspirants for the 2011 elections.

One would wonder what brought about the sudden involvement of the Nigerian youth in governance. Social media some will say was partly responsible, others think that some political parties cajoled some young people while some also think that the time had come for the youth to take action. However, the impact of youth participation in this year 2011 election cannot be demystified I would say we were tired and frustrated about bad governance and a yearn for change propelled us. I would also say our voting choice was based on who we knew would make change happen whether because of the promises they made or their character.

As the International year of the Youth with the theme “Dialogue and Mutual Understanding” ends, let us not rest on our oars. Now is the time for us to continue engaging our policy-makers. The next four years have started running, KEEP WATCH!

Share This Article

 Unconditional Love In the Gay Community

To be different is to be taboo and as such you are to be excluded from society at least that is view of a majority of our nations’ people especially when the topic of Homosexuality arises. Arguments of homosexuality are often so intense that people often forget that they are humans too and that they are the same as you and I with families and other inviduals who care and love them.
A survey of Homophobic Discrimination & Violent Incidents as reported to the J-FLAG in the short time span of January – June 2011 were a total of Fifty-One (51) reports, Forty-Seven (47) Males & Four (4) Females. Among these cases these individuals faced assaults/attacks, displacement, extortion/blackmail and some of these were police related.
Jamaica Forum For Lesbians And Gays (J-FLAG) in association with Jamaica AIDS Support For Life (JASL), Caribbean Vulnerable Communities (CVC) and Aids-Free World have now joined forces in a campaign called Unconditional Love launched July 28th 2011 at the JASL building. It is a campaign to bring acceptance to the gay community and to show that despite their differences in lifestyles they are people none the less. As former Miss (Jamaica) Universe Christine Straw stated at the launch – “Who cares what their sexuality is that doesn’t form who they are as a person.”
Christine Straw and her brother Matthew Straw also played a huge part in the Unconditional Love Campaign as a Sixty (60) second video was shown of her and her brother as he came forward saying he was gay and Christine giving her unconditional love to him and applauding his bravery in coming out.
After such an eventful PSA questions were raised by those in attendants as to how this will affect both Christine and Matthew Straw? And with confidence and poise and much love in her heart Christine poured her thoughts on the matter of discrimination and acceptance in the society.
This PSA showed that the fight for gay rights and acceptance still is going strong and that by using different methods of reaching out to the public it is possible to change hearts and the negative atmosphere surrounding the topic of homosexuality. Throughout the PSA various presentations and speeches were given and every one of those presentations captivated a different person in the room. One of those presentations in particular was a power point presentation by Maurice Tomlinson who is a part of Aids-Free World, he spoke on the laws and how they applied to us as individuals of society, and also how those laws don’t seem to reach to the gay community. Maurice used articles from The Gleaner, Star etc. to also shed some light on the injustice homosexuals face, it was a harsh truth. These presentations I believe should be shown to the public and the question at the end of it all should be “Who gives you the right?”
It had always baffled me that people criticize everyone else and everything else but they never stop to criticize themselves and I believe that this “Unconditional Love” campaign can do that, let people see themselves before they see and judge others and somehow bring some acceptance to the gay community.

Share This Article

my friend inspired me to write this. Just our thoughts about life in general.

1. So tired of okada riders (commercial motorcyclist).Those people are assassins without being hired (it’s a voluntary work for them)
2. So tired of making money after all said and done you may not live to spend a quarter of what you bruised your knee for.
3. So tired of schenking (cheating) even when the Holy Book says DO NOT CHEAT!
4. So tired of relatives, they come around and expect you to always give them money to the younger.
5. So tired Nigerian youths they are just too purpose driven whether for a good or bad reasons-just too diversified,creative,smart (whether wrong or right reasons),intelligent and sometimes broke. But trust me you dare not think you can compete with them and win because you may end up losing.
6. So tired of Xs the thought of making up after a long time of seeing them and telling yourself”oh I’ve missed a lot”. Come on Toni Braxton has made it clear-they are so YESTERDAY.
7. So tired of parties it just increases the worries of the future, trust me even Hennessy cannot help this time. It’s all vanity

Share This Article

Each week, I’ll be posting a list of the most news-worthy and/or inspirational, informative, well-written, thought-provoking, and/or unique posts of the week. While every post and every contributor is valuable to our community, these are the blogs that I feel are must-reads.

July 24- July 30

Stats for this week: 51 posts by 18 writers

True Life: We Air Shameless Programs- by KarachiYWOCLC

Inside this post:

…someone needs to call MTV on their bullshit. “True Life: I want to be straight”? What is this? A membership drive for Marcus Bachmann’s psycho clinic?

How To Deal With Shelter Issues For Transgender People- by Jordan

Inside this post:

Jordan shares 7 ideas on how homeless shelters can be more welcoming and inclusive to transgender people in need.

Crippling Lies and Tennis Shoes of Truth- by moonchild11

Inside this post:

I escaped my abusive relationship, not only because I found another opportunity to run (and that time I had tennis shoes on!), but because I had finally learned that I had some thing to run to.

We Only Care for the Privileged, To Hell With the Rest of You!- by Jaevion

Inside this post:

Jaevion talks about how prisoners and young people in Jamaica who are living with HIV are being denied adequate health care services.

Thank you to everyone who posted a blog this week! You are part of what makes this community great!

~ Samantha
Community Editor

My posts this week:
Birth Control Should be Free- It’s Not a Question
The sexism and gender policing behind Tim Gunn’s comments in Hillary Clinton

Share This Article

If the training of the African Union Youth Volunteers Corps (AU-YVC) Batch II was a huge success, much of that success is owed to the dynamic facilitation skills and expertise of the facilitators who were present at this training. Coming from diverse backgrounds and professions, their mastery of the different modules they facilitated must be applauded as each was concise, making the whole training process fun for everyone.

Amongst these dynamic facilitators was Nkiruka Nnaemego A Nigerian, founder and CEO of FRESH and YOUNG brains development initiative one of the facilitators of the AU-YVC who has been present since the inception of the AU-YVC (2005), the training of the first batch of volunteers (2010) and this second batch here in Malabo-Equatorial Guinea.
To her, the training can be rated at over 70% and she saw considerable improvements in terms of the involvement and participation of the trainees, their execution of assigned tasks, and general devotion to the entire training. She too was responsible for the evening events (Cultural nights) of the AU-YVC. Watch as she shares her experience from a facilitator’s point of view.

you can follow the link  below in case of difficlties in viewing this video.

By Abongwa Victor
International Youth Journalist

Share This Article

I just had lunch at the SIPOPO conference centre restaurant in Malabo-Equatorial Guinea.. It was great! Wonderful service, good wine, great coffee. Should one expect anyless when the buffet price says 50USD? Ok I know that is weird for an African country like Equatorial Guinea where ¾ of the population live on less than 2 USD a day. The view was breath taking and as I sat there sipping my coffee, looking into the ocean and getting very absorbed in the moment, I almost forgot why I was here, in Malabo, at this African Union heads of States Summit, and the fact that I was representing not just myself but African young people who are not here , whose voices cannot be heard and who depend on a privileged few like myself to get their voices heard.

I was getting too absorbed in the comfort of it all and this brings to mind the reality that obtains when people have had the taste of MONEY and POWER. Before this transition, people could sympathize and even empathize with others who shared the same fate as them but when one gets to that point when he can afford a stand by generator just in case there is a power failure, he will not understand why people go on the streets daily to revolt for constant power failures and inability to go about their businesses.

When one has had a diplomatic passport and all he needs to travel is his ticket he cannot bring himself to understand why people continue to complain of the difficulty they face in obtaining visas even to travel within Africa.

When someone moves from an air conditioned house, into an air conditioned car and then into an air conditioned office, he seems not to understand why people are complaining of global warming and he will continue to sign and approve projects that makes the situation worse for the ordinary man.

When someone can fly himself or his family out of the country for medical checkup whenever they fall sick, then that person cannot understand the deplorable conditions in which the hospitals back home operate for he will never go there ad so cry of change in such conditions to him or her will be just rhetoric.

And yes when one can send all his children to prestigious universities abroad, he will not be able to understand why students revolt because of the quality of education they receive in universities or why professors refuse to teach because the conditions are not favorable for them.

Well that is the reality, and so it hit me, early I would say, because I came to the realization that as soon as I saw myself graduating from an earlier stage where I would frown at a buffet menu that says 15USD, here I was paying for one that said 50USD without complaining, I realized I was gradually getting into that mesh of entanglement, wherein, you suddenly cease to see the things you use to see so clearly, where you suddenly refuse to see the truth as it is and you can conveniently see what is black to be white. It sad to say, but that is the kind of example our leaders have shown us but now the choice is ours, do we follow their footsteps enjoy Money power and fame and the detriment of others or do we face the truth admit we have been wrong, and redirect the course of things? Well you decide for yourself, but for me I am so out of here! Africa must Arise and shine. Yes we can!

  By Abongwa Victor
International Youth Journalist

Share This Article

On February 16th of this year, the unheard of happened. Allegations were made against the state’s law enforcers. Jamaican policemen were accused of gang-raping an exotic dancer. It was reported that five officers sexually assaulted an exotic dancer at a nightclub in Spanish Town, St Catherine. The Gleaner reported that the five policemen from the St Catherine North Division were conducting a raid at the nightclub just after midnight. Some of the officers stayed inside to search patrons, while five others reportedly took the dancer to the rear of the building where they allegedly took turns raping her. It goes without saying that such an act is grossly unacceptable. Following the report by the press, several Women Rights groups called for the police high command to investigate the matter as they were disturbed by the report.

Karl Angell, director of Communications for the Jamaica Constabulary Force, later confirmed that the officers were in custody and that they were investigating the matter. These situations are not new to the Jamaica Constabulary Force. In 2010 three policemen were said to have grabbed a prostitute, placed her inside the service vehicle and threatened to lock her up. She was then taken to a house in Waterford where they reportedly took turns raping her.
After almost six months following the report in February, I am yet to hear a follow-up by our local media. With this in mind, I can only conclude that Commercial Sex Workers are not valued as contributing and productive members of society who deserve the same right as everyone else. This view will not be embrace by our media, but as the old saying goes, “Action speaks louder than words”; however, in this case, I have not seen nor heard any words.

Well, I guess violation of one’s rights by a state body is not as important as the “bus that can cross it” or a political campaign /report tour. You might not be in agreement with my opinion, but that’s fine. I just wanted to remind you that given how small our small island is, you may just have a husband, father, uncle, brother, or son who have been engage with these Commercial Sex Workers. With this in mind, you could be affected one way or another.

Share This Article

About a week ago a news report in the Sunday Observer of July 17, 2011 sparked a very short-lived debate around the issue of treatment and care for prisoners living with HIV in Jamaica. The news article, which was entitled Left to Die – HIV inmates say they are neglected in prison, detailed the experiences of two men who ‘say that their medical and nutritional needs are being neglected by what they feel is an uncaring, inhumane prison system’.

Personally, I was very disturbed after reading this article. I know there are several problems with our prison system and prisoners like many other sub-populations in Jamaica receive very little respect. Prison officials were quick to say the article was inflammatory but were given very little space in the media to fully explain the situation. I had the chance to speak with someone who works in prisons in the area of treatment and care for people living with HIV. Through our discussion, I learned that the problem referred to in the article was a result of a national shortage of ARVs. Yes, even with funding from the Global Fund we had stock out of ARVs for a few months.

I am pleased to know that all prisoners are on ARVs. However, I am more concerned that we are nowhere closer to ensuring there is adequate and effective prevention interventions in our prisons in Jamaica. In case you didn’t know, it is a no-no situation when it comes to giving prisoners access to condoms and other prevention commodities. In 1998, there were talks about giving prisoners condoms, which resulted in the death of 17 prisoners and wardens suspected of being gay in a riot. How does government intend to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, if sub populations have no way of protecting themselves from HIV transmission?

I am aware that our public approach to sex is very conservative; whether it is hetero or homosexual, but it’s time we get realistic. Certainly, we cannot expect the message of abstinence will work in prisons with grown men, especially if there are homosexuals around. However, prisoners are not the only persons being neglected. Men who have sex with men also have significant challenges. The same is true for sex workers. And with increased funded being given to the government and civil society for programmes among these populations that are most at risk, we can only hope things will get better.

Young people also have their challenges. Outside of the messages of abstinence they are often bigoted about being sexually active. Many reduce them to being nothing but whores. As if being sexually fluid is the worst thing ever. Yes, there are implications but that is no reason to treat young people as such. In addition, the law restricts sexually active minors (those under 16 years), from accessing services. The Law requires minors to be accompanied by their parents when they seek these services. Sure, every young person would love their parents knowing they have lost the big V. (gasps).

I implore you, to encourage governments to take the necessary steps to ensure that all persons, regardless of age, sexual orientation, wealth, location, among others, can access the necessary commodities and services to protect themselves from HIV infection and where they are infected are able to receive treatment and necessary services.

Share This Article

First I know people will say “he is a Muslim” and you know what? Yes I am, and apart from being a Muslim I am also an Advocate.
It all started after9/11, where it was noticed that Muslim’s who live in the western world are losing their jobs and their children are being dropped out of school, they cannot secure a profitable job, unless they come back to either Africa or the middle east. This has been going on and yet they said nothing, their rights are being violated; they are almost being hindered from practicing their religion. While in the human right constitution there is where it is been stated that “everyone has the right to practice his/her religion”.
But let me tell you something they have been trying to blend with all these rules of which they are at the same time breaking their own rules. By the way, we all know in this world the two people who you should obey, listing to, and respect the most should be your parent, I know most of us grew up either from a broken home, in the street or even with abused parent, sorry but this is the truth. But what I am trying to say here is imaging you being under two laws in the same community where at a certain point these laws conflict, and both laws are important to you, let’s say for example:
Imaging yourself being in an institution which is far from home and your parent had some financial crisis and you were ask to drop out, mind you that you can also work and pay for the rest of your college years, but yet they insist of you coming back and stay where you see your peers graduate and get successful, will you come back? I believe your answer is NO.
I know at this point you will start saying where he heading?
Over 1/3rd of Muslim women who are working do not use HIJAB, ask them are they breaking the Islamic rule? Yes they are! You want to know why? Ok.
Before I give you the answer let me tell you one significant thing the religion, THE QURA’AN, whenever a Muslim person says something is from the Qur’an, it is believed that he is telling the truth, saying it from its source. In all Muslim’s one thing is always common in them, is also what they all fall back on for prayers when things fall apart with them, the QUR’AN. Now to you why woman without HIJAB is breaking of Islamic rule. A woman’s body is said to sexually arouse a man sexuality at certain point especially when she is almost naked, theoretically her body is only to be seen her fellow gender, her close relation, and her Husband not by some guy who might at the end of the day will either rape her, abuse her or even threaten her into having sex with him.
The main aim for all that was just for them to be safe from molestation, even though we all know we are not perfect, when we try, we might someday be perfect at least for once. But issues Muslims face this days is getting out of hand e.g. in Italy they are facing criticism, in in Europe they are being forced to remove their HIJAB, in Nigeria they face almost war, just that for the Nigerians they are divided into groups which made some part of the Muslim are saying education is forbidden( Bokko haram) which is also affecting the rest of the Muslims in the country, and yet if going by the human right again they have the right to say their children will not attend school. We all have the right to protect and respect our religion.
So fellas, don’t hate what you do not know, understand it and try being at least even in your mind to be in the same situation with them.

Share This Article

If you, like hundreds of thousands of Nigerian elementary school children, were spoon-fed idioms as part of the daily ritual of knowledge impartment, you should be familiar with the phrase “Every cloud has a silver lining.” This is the case with “Kiss & Tell”, an HIV prevention campaign launched by GMHC (Gay Men’s Health Crisis) which was derived from the homophobic “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy which is blessedly no longer legal.

The campaign encourages all black and Latino young men who have sex with men, to have open and understanding discussions with their partners about their sexual history and HIV status. According to the GMHC’s press release, “The campaign was developed in partnership with young men, ages 13 to 19, who participate in GMHC’s new youth leadership-development program, CLUB1319. The program provides HIV prevention education, social networking, skills training, and opportunities to participate in developing social marketing campaigns such as "Kiss & Tell"…The youth wanted a campaign that spoke the opposite of this policy-while featuring intimacy and what is possible for young gay couples as they express trust, respect and commitment for one another.”

It’s great to see that there is as great an emphasis on communication in same-sex relationships as on heterosexual relationships. The campaign speaks to the ever-present need to reduce the spread of HIV among gay men; the logic is quite simple. Understandably, there is an imbalance in the availability of resources for hetero versus same-sex couples in the form of books, counseling and whatnot; and so it’s a very good thing that GMHC is addressing this very important need.

For more information on the GMHC and the “Kiss & Tell” campaign, check out the organization’s website and the campaign’s Facebook Page.

Share This Article

A wise idea would be to provide family planning services rather providing contraception. Contraception is just to control the birth. Family planning is holistic approach where concepts of how to make a family happy are discussed.
World population day was observed on July 11, 2011. It has a special resonance as on this day, world observed a population level of seven million. The population structure is changing as the a huge number of children are reaching child bearing age, so the projection is also going in the same form. If the population projection goes in the same trend then population will reach 10 million by 2050. The consequences like biodiversity loss, loss of non renewable resources and climate are being observed.
The technology and life style of people are also changing, so the paradigm is changing, the trend of demand is also changing its paradigm. Though there are changes still there are high birth rates, along with triple burden of diseases. Still there is high maternal mortality rate and child mortality rate. The parents lack access and utilization of the family planning services.
As one of the key strategies is the achievement of MDGs, it is one of the highlighted and of course a challenge to all the nations of the world. If we need to address development then MDGS achievement is one of the crucial portals.

Share This Article

If you ask about the World Population day over here in Nepal very few would say about it..that tooo in the city areas..lets not talk about the rural areas…

The celebration of world population day was started from 1987 and today even after 23 years only a few group of people here are concerned about the very day.

The world this year is expected to surpass 7 billion..and almost 3 billion of them are of young age..

Now its high time to think how should we respond to the increasing popualtion? The high population in a way indicates that the health facilities are improveing and mortality rates are decreasing..but will the available resources be able to meet the demands of the increasing population?… The population is less likely to decrease with almost half of the total population of youths or lets say reproductive population..With this trend the population will increase in higher rates in coming years.

Again we need to think and rethink about the consequences of the increasing population and its management..and also about the services for the reproductive populations..like the family planning services, contraceptives, etc..

Lets not end the world population day by organizing few programs and then ending it with gossips..and when the program finishes you forget about the population day and its concerns..

Its not necessary to know when exactly is the population day..the important thing is one should know what are the consequences of rising population and the global problems caused by increasing population..and yes this concern will in some  way help in sloving the global population problems…

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

When the I saw the words "World Population Week," a number of topics came to mind.  Access to reproductive health services, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, world hunger, and access to clean water are just a few.  But when I started thinking more about international family planning, I kept coming back to the question of consent.

Consent is broader than the context it often comes up in when we talk about rape: did a person consent to sexual activities?  Was this situation sex or rape?

Consent can be an entire framework for looking at the world–at sexuality, but also at family planning and life choices in general.  Many of the world’s ills come back to lack of consent. 

In the context of international family planning, consent is crucial on a number of levels.  First, we do have to ask that simple question.  Many babies are born into this world as a result of rape.  Activists need to tackle the many facets of this problem–marital rape, "date" rape, rape in wartime, rape by authorities, and corrective rape are some of the subsets of rape that require different responses.  The question of access to abortion is, of course, inextricably linked to the problem of rape.

Second, we need to look at consent to family creation in a broader way.  It is absolutely crucial to address this issue in cultural context, which means that external actors are often not the appropriate agents of change.  There is, however, work to be done by local activists all over the world, especially in the area of public education.  Do both parties fully consent to a marriage?  To having and raising children?  To having children at a particular time?  Is it acceptable to be single in a society, or child-free?  Are same-sex relationships accepted? 

Third, it’s important to address issues of structural inequality.  Sexism and patriarchy are obviously a problem here, but also inequality between poor and rich nations.  International aid funding often comes with restrictive conditions that harm more than they help and perpetuate inequality.  Poverty also makes it difficult for a small family, with fewer wage earners, to survive.  It’s important that rich nations not only avoid dictating solutions to poorer nations, but also look critically at the ways we support the status quo.

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

Every child we see around are the production from sex. In fact, all of are a product of sex, unless, of course, we are test-tube babies. But how many of those babies are around, seriously?

If sex is so obvious in our life, why is it regarded a taboo?

As I pondered over this question, I realized something. In our society, SEX is not a taboo; SEX Done For Gratification is a taboo.

Most often we hear a grandmother asking her son to give her a grandchild before she dies. So, here, basically she is asking her son to have sex with her wife. If sex were a taboo, she wouldn’t be so indecent to ask her son to do so. But if her son were unmarried and she found out he has been having sex with his girlfriend, she would be freaking out. So this means, when people have sex for reproducing, it is not a taboo. But sex between unmarried couples is a taboo because it is done for gratification, and most certainly not for reproduction.

People normally defined sex as a means to procreate, as a means to sustain the lives and existence; but very rarely can we find a person who openly defines sex as a means to gratify yourself, as a means to relieve yourself and attain supreme satisfaction. Even when parents try to educate their children about sex, they present it as a magical tool which creates other humans likes ourselves.  In fact, the definition of sex as a means to attain pleasure is considered a taboo itself. But it is obvious that couples, married or unmarried, have sex for gratifying themselves. So isn’t it high time that we readjust our perspectives?

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

The population of the world is hitting 7 billion, and it is more important today than ever to take effective measures to control the wanton growth of population. As we closely examine the root causes of the population increase, gender inequity comes as one of the deeply ingrained causes.

Most of the time, women do not have a say in the sexual and reproductive matters. Even within marriages, women are forced to have sexual intercource, during which they might unwantingly concieve. And, even if they want to they are not allowed to have an abortion by their husbands or their families, and they might eventually give birth to an unwanted child. 

In many countries, people regard male as a superior gender, thus urging a women to bear children until she gives birth to a boy. Even if a family already has 3 daughters, and the mother is happy with it, family pressure will eventually coerce her to bear a fourth child. And if the fourth one is again a girl, then a fifth one, maybe.

In South-Asian countries like Nepal, India, Srilanka, girls are forced into early marriage. When a girl hits puberty, it high time that her family members find a husband for her. Such an early marriage prolongates the fertility period of the girls, and this again means more children. In these regions, polygamy is not uncommon. And polygamy also contributes to a greater number of children born in the family, because when there are more than one wives for one man, the number of children born from all the wives will be higher. 

It is well known that a woman plays a much greater role in raising a child than does her husband. Thus more children means greater chores for a women. So if a women is allowed to decide on the family size, she will most probably choose a smaller one. Thos proves that, on giving equal rights to the fair-sex, the population of the world might get a better chance to get balanced.

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

As the world population approaches 7 billion, UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, launched a global initiative on this World Population Day to highlight the challenges, opportunities and actions that will shape our common future.

World Population Day, 11 July, was set as the start of a worldwide advocacy effort that will continue through 31 October, when the United Nations projects world population will surpass seven (7) billion, and beyond.

According to information from UNFPA, the 7 Billion Actions campaign will promote dialogue on what it means to live in a world with so many people and encourage action on issues that affect us all. UNFPA offices and their partners throughout the world will organize a variety of related activities.

UNFPA revealed that nearly all of this population growth — 97 of every 100 people — is occurring in less developed countries, some of which already struggle to meet their citizens’ needs. Gaps between the rich and poor are growing. Urbanization and migration continue. Climate change is of increasing concern and more people than ever are vulnerable to food insecurity, water shortages and weather-related disasters. Meanwhile, many rich and middle-income countries are concerned about low fertility and aging.

UNFPA Executive Director, Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin expressed that whether we can live together on a healthy planet will depend on the decisions we make now. The date we reach the next billion and the ones after that depends on policy and funding decisions made now about maternal and child health care, access to voluntary family planning, girls’ education, and expanded opportunities for women and young people.

UNFPA is calling on nations to nationalist the 7 Billion Actions campaign, making it a collaborative effort involving National Geographic, IBM and SAP, as well as many other private sector and UN partners and civil society organizations, and also for people to get involved. The campaign, the organisation revealed, uses new partnerships, technologies and social marketing to spur commitment and action.

Share This Article

Coinciding with the World Population Day on Monday, Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal launched Nepal’s 20-year Population Perspective Plan. 

The plan aims to ensure access to health care for poor and vulnerable groups, right-based comprehensive reproductive health care, universal access to  quality primary education, gender equality and empowerment of women, decentralised governance and community participation and facilitate spatio-economic development processes conducive to poverty alleviation.
                                                                   Source: The Kathmandu Post, 12 July 2011

Indeed this is a positive indication towards sustainable development. But the proces is not yet complete with the introduction of the plan only.. with the launching of such a long term plan there comes many questions..questions like…How good is it to introduce such a long term plan? Will the same strategies be effective after 20 years as it is today? How are we implementing the plan?..and many more…

The brighter side of the plan is the inclusion of right-based comprehensive reproductive health care and gender equality and empowerment of women..and I am positive towards everything included in the plan..But is that sufficient enough to be in a perspective plan or not??There comes this question as well…..

Okay the plan has just been lauched..we are yet to see how and where would the plan take us to..Still many things to do..but we all have to join hand in hand for the implementation of the plan..Lets make this plan a successful one…

Will be writing more about this in upcoming blogs..Keep Reading!!!

Happy World Population Week!!

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

India’s dichotomous nature is visible in all aspects of its economic, social and political growth. India is rapidly developing into an economic super-power, yet its development is not well rounded. This is reflected in the status of women in the Indian society. A 21st century Indian girl is smart, educated and equal, yet this picture represents a very small percentage of the Indian female population. Women leaders may be ruling the roost, directly or indirectly, the women’s reservation bill may see the light of the day soon, prestigious national and state level exams may be cracked by female candidates; yet these developments have failed to transform India into a country which is perceived as a safe birth place for a girl child or a haven for a woman.

A global survey released by TrustLaw, a Thomson Reuters Foundation service in June, states that India is the world’s fourth most dangerous country for someone to be born as a woman (http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/special-coverage-the-worlds-most-dangerous-countries-for-women/). 100 million Indian women and girls are estimated to be involved in trafficking, while 50 million girls are called ‘missing’ over the past century due to female infanticide and foeticide. These findings were preceded by reports of a growing number of affluent, educated and fertile Indians going to foreign destinations where doctors use a method which involves producing embryos through IVF and implanting only those of the desired gender (male) into the womb (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis-PGD).

An even more shocking scenario which was highlighted by a report published by Hindustan Times in the last week of June, describing how genitoplasty (surgery to make female genitals appear male) was being performed on hundreds of girls, including some who were as young as one, every day on the instructions of wealthy parents from Delhi and Mumbai – despite the warning that the “converted boy” would be infertile. Indian laws prohibit sex determination tests during pregnancy so as to help stamp out the practice of women aborting female foetuses, but procedures like these side step such legal issues. These procedures sacrifice the rights of a child who is barely old enough to speak to choose her own gender, underscoring that girls/women face very pronounced dangers and discrimination that starts before birth.

Abortion of female foetuses, violence and neglect exerted against girls because of dowries and discrimination against women are internationally recognised as a human rights violation which can cause severe physical and psychological damage and even death.

There is a lack of political will, money and human resources for gender policies and laws. Hopefully these new reports will act as alarm bells for waking the government, people and the civil society, such that they double their efforts in standing up for women’s rights and supporting policies which empower women rather than disenfranchising them.

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week Blogathon.

The world population was 5 billion in 1887; it will reach a thrilling 7 billiion this October. This means the world had its population increased by almost 40% in a time span of 24 years. If this trend continues, within next 100 years or so, we shall have an earth with loads of people far beyond its carrying capacity.

But population increase basically is not a negative thing. A big population means a large human resource which is a key to any economic or social development. But this solely depends on how big the population size already is. While it is true that most underdeveloped countries with low population density may benefit from an increase in its population size, it is more important to correctly mobilize the already existing population than to simply add to it. This is the reason why countries like China, which majorly depends on its population for its economic growth, has adopted a one-child policy, because it already has a population size beyond its capacity to efficienty mobilize them.

Seen from the other light, the increased population size implies an increased exploitation of resources. If our population growth trend is not checked on time, the natural balance of the ecosystem will be threatened, because more population means more more destruction of environment, more population, more ejection of greenhouse gases, more global warming and more of the healt hazards that people are facing today. We have already been receiving dreadful signals of what might occur in the future-the glaciers are melting, landslides and floods are destroying millions of lives, sea level is rising, risk of skin cancer has doubled due to the depletion of the ozone layer, and the list goes on.

So it is time we take things in our hand and start thinking about the world and others. So let’s work together to prevent the unreasonable and illogical population growth.

Share This Article

This post is part of the World Population Week blogathon.

Last time in my college a documentary named “Mother of 25” was featured. The documentary showcased a story of a mother at Dhading district, a rural part of Nepal, who has 25 children — 13 daughters and 12 sons. The family was a marginalized one and it was really difficult for them to at least arrange food for the family. Every day they had to battle the situation of famine, the only source of money for them was the father of the family who stitched clothes — i.e. he was a tailor. Through this sole occupation the father had to arrange all the basic necessities of the entire family and we can imagine how difficult it must have been for him to attain all the needs of 25 people. Not only that but also the mother of the family frequently fell ill having poor health.

However her health needs could not be met by the father as the family had a very low income to meet the requirement of all 25 people. The mother explains that it was due to her poor health she could not feed her just born children and that led them to die. Thus, at present she only has half of her total children. The mother explains her situation of pain and grief.

In the documentary while talking to the father he said that if they had fewer children the current situation of grief would not come to them. And he also regards the more number of children as the sole reason to the situation of deterioration of his wife’s health and the death of his 15 children. At present also it has become really crucial and intricate for him to manage the basic needs of his children and the family. This shows how thorny it is to handle with the huge amount of population meeting the needs of such a big family.

There are many such families in Nepal and also from around the world who have become target of huge population in the family resulting to harm the present and future of the entire family. Through this we can know that the situation of huge population ruins the life of the family and becomes the reason to unmeet the necessities and ensure an unstable future. Consequently I believe, the less the better…

Share This Article

The world is much developed now. We’re reached moon and back; made some fabulous buildings; Designed complex computers and many more. And it’s something to be proud of. However, are we not over-using the resources? Population grown is taking pace at the same time.
Day by day, we’re increasing. The world population has been increasing so voraciously that in soon future we’ll face loads of problems. And the problems are not just the lack of recourses but we’ll destroy our planet. Is population growth unstoppable? Definitely, a bit NO.
People are trying. They’re trying to reduce the growth rate. Many INGOs and NGOs are working to reduce the rate. But, I still believe that the people themselves must be aware. They themselves must be aware of the consequences.
Without the involvement and encouragement from the people, it’s no use to work just by different Organizations. Let’s work together people! Let’s work our betterment, at least for the betterment of this planet! Give your hand- Control population growth.

Share This Article

World Population Week Blogathon: July 10-16, 2011
Blog and Take Action on International Family Planning!

This week through July 16, Amplify will be hosting our second annual World Population Week Blogathon.

Today, nearly half the world’s population—more than 3 billion people—are under the age of 25. Collectively, we as young people have a critical role to play in discussing population issues from a rights-based approach, particularly regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The ability to access sexual and reproductive health information and services is a human right that empowers young people to make healthy choices for themselves and for their families. Educating girls and boys, empowering women, meeting the demand for voluntary family planning, and ensuring access to comprehensive, youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services not only play an important role in supporting human rights—but also in ensuring a healthier environment for us all to live in.


  • More than 215 million women have an unmet need for contraception. In some regions, women ages 15 to 19 are twice as likely to have an unmet need for contraception as women over twenty.
  • For young women ages 15 to 19 in low-and middle-income countries, complications from pregnancy are the leading cause of death.
  • Unmet need for family planning will significantly increase as the world’s largest generation of young people enters into their reproductive years.

Much more needs to be done. This July 10-16, make your voices heard by blogging on the importance of access to sexual and reproductive health information and services for young people around the world. Click here to write and publish your blog post!

This is your time to make your voice heard.

Celebrate World Population Day by posting a blog on Amplify! Here are some questions to help you write. How accessible are sexual and reproductive health services for young people in your community? What about family planning and different methods of contraception? How are young people participating in the planning, design, and implementation of such programs and services? How are young leaders in your community making progress towards your vision for human rights? In light of this year’s theme, how is data disaggregated in your country, particularly for young people?

But don’t stop there. You can also use this opportunity to tell Congress to support 1 billion dollars for international family planning. Investing in international family planning is smart, cost-effective, and will help millions of young people around the world by providing greater access to reproductive health services and contraception.

Click here to sign our petition!

And check out the following publications that talk about these important issues:

Share This Article

World population as of 2003 was expected to be 6.302 billion. The population distribution worldwide is heterogeneous. High population density in Asian countries like India and china has masked the less population of European countries.
With the recent advancement in medical technology, The people needlessly dying of disease is decreasing and in opposite the population is increasing especially of elderly and early adolescent population. As these are the dependent population has to be supported by economically independent population. As a result the economic and social strain on productive age is group is rising.
Nepal, country with higher population growth rate of 2.24 where population doubles at every 32 years has been experiencing tremendous population growth in recent decades. As a result of which the stress in ecosystem, economy is becoming visible in several forms. Recently highlighted; climate change is the effect of carbon emission which is result of increasing energy demand and subsequent carbon emission to the atmosphere.
Population Projection has shown that total population for 2050 will reach 9.078 billion. In spite of higher population for the future; the growth rate of the population is expected to fall due to the decline in fertility rate and the toll taken by the HIV/AIDS pandemic in some countries. Also due to the ethnic cleaning and current treats of SARS. In Conclusion there will be an increased population but decreased average annual growth rate.e.g.1.16% in 2003 but 0.43% in 2050.
When we analyze the population by regional level in the period of 1950-2050 it is found that World population growth will be concentrated in developing countries for the foreseeable future. Population for Asia, Africa, Sub Saharan Africa, Middle East, North America and South America will increase substantially. And Population for European countries and Former Soviet Union tend to fall for the foreseeable future. There will be not much difference in population for Oceania and Baltic region. The data shows that top 10 ranked most populated countries as of 2003 shows that china is the most populous country followed by India, USA and Japan at the 10th position.
But the projection for 2050 shows an interesting and peculiar result. India will win the race and be the most populous country by 2050 if present level of population growth rate continues. The reason behind such change is china’s strict policy in family planning and India’s increasing population growth momentum.
Nepal; an underdeveloped country of Asia has been experiencing fastest growth in population in recent years. As of 2001 census of Nepal; Nepal’s population will likely to double in next 32 years from 2001.The balance between the population growth and development either in heath sector or in other sectors is the point where all the developing countries are lacking. Increasing population results in unplanned urbanization, migration which has the impact not only in Health but in each and every part of life. One example; Nepal has been experiencing problems in reaching to urban areas during the immunization of children where most of the people are residing in rented houses; there could be more than 10 families in the same building.
Now it is the high time for acting against the population growth. There should be self awareness from the grassroots levels to policy makers that they are they are increasing the population size of world and it should be halted by family planning choices to limit no of child they give birth .Family planning programme has to be strengthened .The need for family planning should be meet. Actions have to be channeled to stop unplanned urbanization. Agriculture has to be boost up.
Then and only then we can hope that only future generation live in stabilized earth.

Share This Article

12th July, 2011 is another year when we are all together opting towards celebrating the World Population Day. The word population signifies people living in a particular community, society, city or a country. This means we are at the point of enjoying the day of our existence, all the human beings existence. But at this very point when we are leading to this time of celebrating our existence have we ever looked upon it from the third eye’s perspective. Have we?
By this time when we have come so far is it not necessary for us to realize that we are growing in number to huge and huge amount and this growth is becoming the reason for the deterioration of various other species and most importantly the environment in which we live. Rather than calling ourselves one of the most civilized species it is appropriate to christen us as the destroyers who ruin the entire world for self satisfaction. It is the result of our deeds that the world is at the verse of losing its most valuable species and making itself doomed only with the human beings? Very soon our next generation would be reading in their school books or even story books about the species like lion, tiger, butterflies, deer etc. Those all will just be existing in the form of mere toys which will be a best medium to enjoy playing with. When these species will not exist the ecological balance or the biological chain will be disturbed. Then we will be at the verse of having no Natural beauty.
All these are the result of growing population, every alternate second a child is given birth. Rapidly increasing population of the world is the medium to ruin the environment, destroying the natural habitats, exploiting the natural resources with the activities like hunting, encroaching, exploiting etc. More mouths less food, more hands less resources, more people less nature……all these lead to the question of mine that is it the time to celebrate or time to think upon our deeds?

Share This Article

 The 11th of july is marked as world environment day. Usually in Nepal majorly Kathmandu valley witnesses many programs on this day. Quite a lot of rallies and tree plantation programs are organized by both governmental and non- governmental organizations. Well this is done with great zeal. It seems as if they are going to make a huge contribution towards minimizing global warming. Yes indeed!! It feels as if Nepalese are going to somersault the whole scenario. But in fact this is carried out just for a day. The very next day every one is too busy. Busy to go and water the plants that they planted the very other day. This is an irony in itself. Well it maybe because Nepal contributes the least towards global warming. And so why should it be the one to give al its effort to minimize the same. When all of the chaos and the catastrophe is a result of almost most of the developed countries…even if Nepal does take steps for it. Even if Nepal applies its full effort for it! Actually no one is going to care. Its no news cause almost every time Nepalese are blamed but never given credit for something good. Something real good that they have done. Done to change the whole world. All it is seen is with ruthless eyes.

Well but still we cannot constraint our thoughts to these petty things and stop doing the good things. After all we live in this globe. This is our universal home; and all nations are like families. We take charges for various things and we try to accomplish them all by joint effort. So goes with the environmental protection. So, why not Nepal we do it. Why just in our speeches and writing why not in practice. Why just for a day??why not for a year or two and so on. The earth never stops so why do we???

So lets join hands and try our best this environment day; to make it work not just for a day but for future. Lets plant saplings and nurture them till it grows into a tree so big; like parents nurture their kids. Lets do it!!!!
happy world environment days!!!!

Share This Article

The Jamaican society can be described a plural society. A society that embraces persons and beliefs from all over the world, but which is steep in certain Christian principles. One such principle is that monogamous relationship should involve a man and a woman. It is this belief that is in the main responsible for homosexual relationships being seriously opposed by many in the society. The thinking/belief by many in the society that this type of behviour, especially where it involves two men is at the heart of the spread of HIV/AIDS among persons in the country further exacerbates the issue.

Over the years, many persons/groups in Jamaica have remained resolute that the society must be “cleansed” of homosexual behaviour. This position has remained in the psyche of the people through the music and church groups. HIV/AIDS has through these sources has largely been framed as a homosexual disease. The problem with this belief is that the virus has managed to percolate into other sectors of the society, including among persons in perfectly “normal” relationships, educated individuals and commercial sex workers. .. Even in the face of this information, many, including persons who are well educated still cling to the perspective that HIV/AIDS is a homosexual disease. What is the problem with this thinking? Is it that society as placed too much emphasis on homosexuals and HIV/AIDS? Alternatively, it is that people need to re-organize their thinking and start to view things from a much broader perspectives, rather than the narrow views that prevail on issues such as HIV/AIDS?

There are those in the society who hold extremist views on the subject. They will stop at nothing to fuel their aims/objectives by seeking out vulnerable groups such as homosexuals using them as scape-goats. In an article entitled: “Lesbianism, a concern for educators” http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20110525/lead/lead93.html, president of the Jamaica Association of Guidance Counsellors, Dr. Grace Kelly stated that “there is a challenge in the schools and the guidance association is aware of it." She urged young person’s to stop the activity as it is an unhealthy practice."I am appealing to the young people that their bodies are temples of God, and it wasn’t designed for homosexuality," she argued.
Dr. Kelly failed to present any qualitative or quantitative evidence to back up her standpoint. The head of (JAGE) said the matter is significant and calls for attention." But what action is she calling for and on what basis? Does it have to do with one’s body being a “temple of God? This is interesting our bodies are “temples of god and was not designed for Homosexuality” in all my years of existence I have never heard such sanctimonious “crap.”

Consequently, what were our bodies designed for? When god created us did he have a map with a list of things that the human body was designed to do. Sadly not to my knowledge, and theorist throughout centuries have yet to come to a general consensus on this issues. They are more divided on the issue as we progress because if you choose to adhere to the psycho-social theorist who believed in personal development through the various stages of development that a person goes through in order to determine that individual’s capacity to function effectively in society base on his/ her age etc. you will end up with a different conclusion on what our bodies was really designed for whether it is Freud or Erikson Psychosocial theory. The sad truth is that people who have managed to find themselves in a “certain” position in society will try to manipulate the system for their own personal gain rather than addressing the problem that is rearing its ugly head at the masses. It is beyond belief the infelicitous remarks uttered by the president of (JAGE). One would expect that instead of the nonsensical stance taken by the president that she would try to incorporate youth advocates such as the Jamaica Youth Advocacy Network (JYAN) who will undeniably make themselves available to shed some light and some well deserved information on the penumbra areas surrounding HIV/AIDS and Homosexuality rather than uttering pious statement.

On a final note young advocates must work extremely hard with all of our partners and peers to rid this world of stigmatism, myths and sheer stupidity surrounding HIV/AIDS. The fight against HIV/AIDS requires indisputable effort, zest and energy which will ultimately result in a change in the future. So that media houses as well as educator can stop seeking out vulnerable groups such as Homosexuals to us as scape-goats and can start addressing the real problem.

June 29, 2011
Jamaica, W.I.

Share This Article

Worldwide, in the majority of countries, sex workers, men who have sex with men, young people and people who use drugs are the most vulnerable and at risk to HIV transmission. Recently, at the High Level Meeting on AIDS, Michael Kirby, an Australian retired judge, jurist, and academic who is a former Justice of the High Court of Australia, serving from 1996 to 2009, drew attention to the naming and dignifying of these populations.

In a publication entitled, Overlooked and At-Risk, which I co-authored with my colleague Mimi Melles, we highlighted that “socio-cultural and religious taboos in many countries deny the existence of LGBT individuals and discourage any tolerance for their diverse sexual orientations and gender identities, regarding them as a threat to deep-rooted social norms of heterosexism and heteronormativity.” As a result, these communities remain, largely, nameless, faceless and placeless, thereby making it extremely difficult to reach them effectively.

At the High Level Meeting, during the panel entitled, Prevention – what can be done to get to zero new infections, Kirby, who heads the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, drew attention to the interventions made by countries on June 9, in the Plenary session. Based on his observation, only three country delegations referred to vulnerable populations and named them. Ghana made reference to MSM, Belgium to sex workers (SWs) and Mauritius named SWs, MSM and drug users.

The Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying Our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS, which was adopted by the General Assembly, contains similar omissions. There is strong language on young people and very cautious mentions of people who use drugs. Sex workers and men who have sex with men (MSM) were mentioned once (in para29). However, paragraph 4 advises, “the [AIDS] responses from both the international community and the countries themselves must be uniquely tailored to each particular situation taking into account the epidemiological and social context of each country concerned.”

One can make several assumptions as to the reasons for this given the long and difficult negotiations for the declaration, often times issues relating to the law, morality and religiosity. For example, in more than 70 countries there are laws, which criminalize same-sex intimacy, with punishments of up to life imprisonment and even death in some countries. In Jamaica, a national survey conducted by Prof. Ian Boxill (2011) has found that the strongest objections to homosexuality in Jamaica are based on religious perspectives and the need to ‘protect Jamaican society from changing its cultural practices for the worse’. The survey revealed that 81.8% of respondents attend church and 82% deemed male homosexuality to be morally wrong as opposed to 3.6% who did not see it as a moral issue.

Understandably, as my colleague Johnny Guyalupo from Housing Works informed me, this is the first ever recognition of MSM in a UN Political Declaration on AIDS; especially in light of the very difficult negotiations that went on, this represents a very important step forward. Furthermore, other important sections include language on tailoring prevention efforts to target key populations (para 61); the creation of enabling social and legal environments for accessing HIV services, and reviewing laws and policies that may hinder access (77,78); support for improved surveillance and data collection systems (97); and revising core UNGASS indicators to reflect the commitments in the declaration (103). Nonetheless, as Michael Kirby said “we [have] to stop talking at people who are at high risk […] the way me [must] do this is through human respect and love.”

Getting to zero new HIV infections is possible, perhaps not by 2015, but through country ownership, using evidence and rights-based approaches and targeting scarce resources where the epidemic is most concentrated. However, it is also important that we make reference to key/most-at-risk populations explicitly within documents such as these. There is much value in naming sex workers and men who have sex with men as it symbolizes an appreciation that these populations are people with rights like anyone else.

Share This Article

Today, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted the first-ever UN resolution on the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons. Imagine that…LGBT individuals are finally considered worthy of human rights protections! Let’s ignore the fact that a longstanding principle of international human rights law is that human rights are universal and therefore apply to ALL individuals as an inalienable right of being human. Yes, that’s right, LGBT individuals were just not considered human beings, I guess.

Until today, that is. The UN resolution, offered by South Africa and approved on a vote of 23-19, does three things: 1) it expresses grave concern at acts of violence and discrimination perpetrated against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI), 2) it calls for a study on violence and discrimination on the grounds of SOGI, and 3) it commits to convening a panel to discuss this study and the issue of discriminatory laws and practices as well as violence against LGBT individuals. For the first time EVER, LGBT individuals have an international mechanism to report discrimination and abuse, somewhere to turn to for assistance when their own governments refuse to acknowledge their existence or their inalienable human rights. This is a big deal, a really big deal, folks!

Reports to the Human Rights Commission that have come in just in the past year have documented executions of LGBT individuals via stonings, stabbings, and incinerations, as well as torture, gang rapes, so-called “corrective rapes,” and death threats. While the cases are numerous, one in particular just goes to show the extent of the torture and discrimination. It’s the case of Paula, a transgender woman in El Salvador, who was brutally attacked and shot by a group of men when she was leaving a nightclub. At the hospital, she was treated with disdain by health care providers because she was transgender and HIV-positive. Later, she was imprisoned in a male prison where she was put in a cell with gang members who raped her over 100 times, all the while prison officials turned a blind eye.

Of course, we know that many repressive governments have long denied the rights of LGBT citizens, including 76 countries that criminalize homosexuality and 5 countries that impose the death penalty on LGBT individuals. And many of those same countries not surprisingly voted against the UN resolution…see below for a full record of votes (only countries sitting on the Human Rights Council were eligible to vote, though any UN Member State can cosponsor a resolution). Changing these laws will not happen overnight, but this UN resolution will raise the stakes on LGBT rights and send an unequivocal message to repressive regimes that their discrimination will not be tolerated by the international community.

Voted FOR the UN Resolution: Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Hungary, Korea, Japan, Mauritius, Mexico, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, and Uruguay.

Voted AGAINST the UN Resolution: Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Djibouti, Gabon, Ghana, Jordan, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Moldova, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, and Uganda.

Abstained: Burkina Faso, China, Zambia

Absent: Kyrgyzstan, Libya (suspended from membership on the Council)

Cosponsored the Resolution (including non-HRC Members): Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa (original sponsor), Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, UK, USA, and Uruguay.

Share This Article

Sooooo… On an interview amongst the residents of my country (Jamaica), they asked residents whether or not provocative dressing made women any more likely to be attacked than their fully dressed counterparts. Some residents claimed it played a big role being that the less dressed a woman is the higher her chances while others stated that a woman should have the right to dress however she so chooses without having to worry about such issues. At the end of the interview a fact was shared that studies show that dressing has nothing to do with the probability of being raped, it stated that what attackers focus on is vulnerability. The more vulnerable a woman seems to be, the more likely they are to be attacked.

I decided to find out some more info on this matter, as in to very see the studies for myself, and ended up on a rather interesting website that I heard a friend of mine mention before. The site address is http://www.thisisnotaninvitationtorapeme.co.uk/ . Needless to say I clicked and browsed away. On the site there are four tabs to the left with four statements they claim to be myths. They are as follows:

Dress – a woman raped whilst wearing revealing clothing is to blame for leading a man on.

Intimacy – a woman raped after consenting to any level of sexual activity is to blame for ‘giving mixed signals’.

Drinking – a woman raped after consuming alcohol is to blame for not considering her own security.

Relationships – a woman raped by a man she is in a relationship with has automatically given consent for sex.

In an idealistic society, these would all be true and could be something to live by. But in our current society, no still. Cant work like that. The ugly fact is that attackers will not honor these rights and as such, women do have a certain responsibility to ensure there own protection. I would not walk down a dangerous road with my gold chain hanging out, my expensive silver watch shining and decked out in a $1000 dollar suit. Why? Because I dont want to be mugged. In the same way, women HAVE to watch how much they drink, who they drink with, who they allow to touch them and where they venture alone.

We are not in a chivalrous society where an under dressed drunk women will be taken home by a kind stranger, while this does happen, and there are many decent men who would do this, there are also many who wont. I do understand the point they are trying to make on the site but I would not encourage women to act and dress in any manner as they please. While it gives no man the right to abuse them, the simple truth is that they still do and will, thus as women, you NEED to act responsibly. Don’t leave yourselves vulnerable…

Share This Article

Aspen Environment Forum might have had a depressing opening plenary but we, the youth made the evening of the chilly 30th May, 2011 fascinating, invigorating, inspiring and energizing.
The young fascinating panel of the fireside chat in the Hefner Lounge, Sustainability 2050, was composed of: Courtney Hight, the Co-Director of the energy coalition and Power Shift, Juan Martinez, Natural Leaders Network Director of the Children and Nature Network, Orain Edwards, Coordinator of the Jamaica Safely Tackling Adolescent Reproductive Health (JSTAR)Social and me the International Year of the Youth Journalist working with the Advocates for Youth.
Our moderator, Phumzile Mlambo Ngcuka who was a former Deputy President of South Africa, kick-started the conversation with the question: How did the panel think the millennium generation would deal with the ecological changes that are being faced by the world today?
Thenceforth, began a conversation which aimed at everything except “burning the house”. Amongst a roomful of people from a variety of backgrounds ranging from media to environmental activists, we tried to bring to light the issues faced by the largest, diverse and the most connected generation: the youth, a variety of linkages that we see because our approach to problems is holistic and how we are having conversations which inherently begin from the point of how do we work together (young, old, different races) to “sustain sustainability”.
We emphasised on the power of the youth, their need for inclusion and linkages. In the short period of time given, we were not able to build up on all the topics touched upon even though the moderator did try to pick up a lot of topics through descriptive questions but highlights of the panel (for me) would be:

Courtney sharing her experience of organizing 10,000 young people to take action within the various parts of the US, getting Obama to be answerable to the young environmentalists hence treading the path where angels fear to tread i.e. the big organizations had failed as well as how organizing at a local level is important but it is also as important to then connect it with the larger picture.

The statement: When we speak of young people’s rights, we don’t mean that dispose people who might have turned 40 or above but that everyone, young and old, should tap into our youthfulness.

Orain’s answer to Marissa’s question of how SRHR and climate change are related by using real life examples from Haiti.

We even tried to define that Sexual Reproductive and Health Rights were all about the holistic development of a human being in all the senses: mentally, sexually and all the “ally”-ies that one can think of as well as about being aware of one’s rights and identity and that it is connected to climate change. >you dont believe us? check: www.amplifyyourvoice.org/thetimeisnow <
It was an hour long discussion, which reverberated throughout the Forum because we later learnt that we were quoted at various sessions which took place in Aspen and that we had caused a stir such that people were made to reevaluate the power of the youth. If you would like to be virtually present with us and hear all the details then feel free to see the video recording of our panel which underlined:

Share This Article

This seems funny but i learnt a lot from it. On a very beautiful Tuesday evening, two girls and i were t took us a while to make up our minds on whether or not we needed to go. Sooner or later, we found ourselves taking the school shuttle to the mini campus. On getting there pastor gave us a shocker that he changed his mind (means no more meeting).it was getting late but we all had to go back to main campus so as not to miss our early morning classes. A thought came to my mind that we all may have to stop a car going our direction rather than pay. The highest that would have happened was for one of us to be emotionally attracted to any guy that was going to stop for us all in the name of him being single even though he is married with 3 kids, he is still single.

The other girls (ire and ife) were happy with the plan and we decided to give it a shot-but not make it our priority. Sooner than we expected, a lovely white car stopped to give us a ride. We were so lucky-so we thought, seating in a nice brand new car was something for us to be happy about. Few kilometres from where we boarded this lovely car, the tyre went flat and we needed to fix another one. This was about 9:00pm (Nigerian time). As good girls that we were and we also needed to make a difference we told him we were going to stay with him and in the little way we could, we were going to help. In our bid to help, we found a gas station still open so we decided to go up to anybody on duty at that time to see how far they could help us. At first they were reluctant given us the impression that they could not come because robbers attack that place at night.( while we told them we were on a trip from Lagos and we had to leave our brother ;just in case he found a solution to the flat tyre).it took us a lot of begging and at the end we had to keep one of us hostage, just in case we were robbers .
We were already worried for this guy because i mean the car was still new to be undergoing repairs. On getting to the scene of the flat tyre, a couple of guys whom he claimed they were his friends were trying to render their own kind of assistance. All assistance including the ones the guys from the gas station render was not helpful. kaycee as his friends call him was feeling bad not because of just his new car but because some girls decided to take his burden on themselves. They finally released the girl they held hostage. Trust me he was appalled: i guess he never expected us to do what we did. It wasn’t about the fact that he gave us a ride we just felt we needed to pay good with good. Hours passed and the car was still not fixed. After a long wait in the cold, we were able to fix the spare. It was already some minutes past 11pm.kaycee to him was ready to let us go even if he had to pay our fare back to school. These strong willed girls refused till we saw the car in perfect shape. We were happy the car was fixed but we couldn’t continue the trip n order not to complicate issues we had to take a u-turn to mini campus.(some girls are very funny o.situation had made us to become friends but one wanted to tell him about themselves. But he told us of his.lemme share some graduate of unibuja c lass of 04, lost his mom and sister at a very young age, in a serious relationship with a business fine girl, a general manger with an automobile company; and guess what the car in question was a Cadillac with a V8 engine (no wonder the car was very heavy and it took about two hours to fix the tyre on the driver’s side.

Now he has four responsibilities: his car, and these three beauties. He could at least handle us for the night, engaging in long discussions and laughing in the cold. It was fun though. Like a girls night out. We had problems with him first was he smokes (haa …nauseating), secondly he takes a large quantity of alchol.church girls don’t like guys that do this. Personally, I liked the fact that he was really truthful with us not all church boy will ever do that. All this talk went into midnight but we did not seem to be bothered. Those that had boy friends called theirs to book a sleep over space even though kaycee decided to lodge us three in a hotel till morrow but we did not oblige. He promised to buy dinner Isi-ewu (goat head pepper soup) and they still refused (I was not intending to refuse but I also did not want o be the bad girl, so I agreed) since we did not lodge or stay we had to share our selves .I had to sleep over at ife’s boy friend place though I did not find that idea as comfortable but in that situation, I had no choice.ire stayed in another guy’s house just for the night.

Well no more story to it but i sure learnt a lot of lessons and had fun from the Cadillac girls adventure. One of which is there is no limit to which you can help anybody cos u never know if u just help your own helper. Ciao.

Share This Article

 ***Trigger Warning for discussions of violence and rape***

I’m going to write something very controversial, something that many folks will not agree with and I’m aware of this and I’d like readers to be aware also. Here goes: I do not completely believe that non-violent societies/communities are the most safe all the time. I write this knowing that violence manifests in complicated and multiple ways. If your idea of violence is just physical pain and issues of safety, please think of violence as larger than that. When people talk about state violence they are often discussing systems of oppression that are institutionalized (not just the death penalty as some may think). Violence comes in many forms and I admit that there are some forms and types of violence that I completely understand and could perhaps see myself becoming a part of or performing if put in certain situations.

For some time I’ve been wondering why people are so shocked and disappointed when women (anybody who identifies as a woman in this world) claim some level of violence (whether it be carrying pepper spray, a weapon (and as Ani DiFranco says “’cause every tool is a weapon if you hold it right”),  or learning self-defense and/or martial arts (to name a few). Yes there are folks who think it’s problematic that women and other folks who must protect themselves must do so in our society/world and they talk about what that means and how it can possibly change. I’m not arguing against change, I’m urging us to think about how what some may call “violence” others may call “survival” and even “love,” a form of love so deep and revolutionary that it stems from a desire to survive and be liberated.

This is a topic I’ve discussed often regarding specific topics  and people.  The conversations around Rihanna’s “Man Down” video and song have inspired part of this post/thought process/desire for larger conversation. If you haven’t seen the video it is below and lyrics to the song can be found here

The chorus of this song and the interpretations of the lyrics are what have sparked much conversation and debate. Some lyrics include:

Oh mama mama mama
I just shot a man down
In central station
In front of a big ol crowd
Oh Why Oh Why
Oh mama mama mama
I just shot a man down
In central station

Viewers and listenters are encouraged to connect these lyrics and Rihanna’s actions to revenge for a rape that occurred that we see in the video. Part of me wants to remind folks that Rihanna is not singing anything new, even for her. Can we think back to her first album Music of the Sun and her song “There’s A Thug In My Life” where she sings:

There’s a thug in my life, how’ma gonna tell my mama
She gonna say it ain’t right, but he’s so good to me
There’s a thug in my life, and its gonna cause crazy drama
I’m gonna see him tonight, I’m gonna give him everything

Here she’s invoking talking/telling her mother, just like in the “Man Down” song. She focuses on disappointing her mother, talking about how she is making decisions based on what she feels and knows is best for her. This is something that we often don’t provide or allow youth to do, we, adults, think we know “better” what is good for a young person than that young person knows for themselves. This goes totally against my positive youth development philosophy as well as my support of harm reductionist approaches. I digress.

Lots of talk about the Rihanna video from some great places, that if you want to read more I would suggest the Crunk Feminist Collective post Man Down: On Rihanna, Rape, and Violence  (read the comments too!), Code Red has a great discussion on Caribbean representations and Rihanna’s video between Bajan and Jamaican communities. 

Yet, I want us to have large conversations about violence. I’ve discussed in the past women of Color claiming a certain level of violence, something a student of mine from years ago mentioned and has stayed with me all this time. I spoke about this specifically with the Ivy Queen song “La Abusadora”  which you can listen to here  (it’s in Spanish only).

What about non-consensual violence such as beating and hitting an attacker, self-defense, in some forms of discipline, for protection, to cope, and to end colonial legacies? I want to be clear here, there are violent interactions that are consensual and I’ll talk about those in a moment. These examples above I’m thinking about in larger ways, not just issues of safety in our communities, also in public health, spiritual growth, liberatory goals, nationalists agendas, and freedom in general.

You see I struggle with this often. I appreciate the exchange within my community and online about this topic. There are parts of me that know when someone is murdered or harmed in particular ways that has an impact on a community in very specific ways. At the same time I understand why being violent in certain ways (I’m thinking a rape victim/survivor hurting/killing their rapist) can also create a safe( r) space. Then I struggle again with how we can build communities with that person/rapist who has violated other people in such a way. I am not comfortable with this being so dichotomous: either you are anti-violence or pro-violence. I think it is more complicated.

You see, I don’t think all forms of violence are forms of abuse. My homegirl Marie shared with me on twitter when I asked about violence always being a form of abuse her experience in her Krav  class (a form of hand-to-hand combat/martial arts). That “I’m learning how to defend myself in class. Violence in a controlled environment is necessary in order to learn.” Controlling violence is something that is new for me as well to think about in this particular way. For example, when we discussed violence in my class last semester and then I asked students to write about it on their final exam, many of the men in the class wrote about boxing and a way to end boxing to have less violence communities. I was surprised that they thought this way, and realized we didn’t talk about “controlled violence” which is what boxing as a sport is in our society.

So, why don’t we believe youth and women and other folks who claim a certain level of violence to control that violence? To only use that violence when it is really needed (whenever that may be) but when they feel unsafe, need to protect themselves, or liberating their land, family, home, country? I think a lot of this idea lies in the “what if” fear. What if someone else was hurt? What if a melee occurs? What if people misuse that form of violence?

I think those questions are valid. I think they are also connected to ideas of power and who can claim power and when. I really appreciate Sofia Quintero’s (aka Black Artemis) list of “revenge films” to watch and discuss, which was also inspired by the Rihanna “Man Down” video. If you have not seen her last suggestion, the Descent, I’d like to hear about your impressions and thoughts about Rosario Dawson’s characters decision and actions. More importantly I’d like to hear folks talk more about pushing this conversation forward versus debunking it quickly.

Share This Article

The Aspen Environment Forum kicked off on Monday May 30, 2011 with its plenary session entitled “Coping with Calamity: The Art of Looking Ahead” how the talk of the forum was the fireside Chat entitled: sustainability 2050; Youth Leaders Speak”. This session saw a dynamic, diverse and passionate group of four young advocates within the fields of Climate Change and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights as the evening speakers. Moderated by Former Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo Ngcuka the session was probably the most ethnically diverse group of speakers at the entire Forum: from a Jamaican, American, and Mexican to Indian.

The session was aimed at re-visioning a sustainable world, what are the pathways to achieve it, and how can the youth lead this cause. Orain Edwards and Roli Mahajan both from Advocates for Youth highlighted the correlation between Climate Change and the Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights of Women especially those living in the developing world. Both Orain and Roli passionately advocated for the inclusion of SRHR providing information form the recent advocates for Youth Climate Change E-consultation, testimonials from women living in Africa and the recent earthquake that hit Haiti.
Orain delved into the various adverse effects of climate change has on the social, economic and even cultural aspects of the average human being whether male or female, then later went on to highlight the specific effects of climate change on the health of women especially those within the developing world. Orain’s argument was supported by Roli who was able to share the experiences of women living in India and women from the eastern side of the world.

Both Orain and Roli passionately advocated for the inclusion of SRHR within the various Climate Change debates and the inclusion of active Youth participation in driving this campaign forward. Orain implored those present to tap into their available youth resources and ensure that at every level there is at least one young person present. Orain mention that the youth are fearless, less likely to have any political allegiance, and less like to lose anything from lobbying or advocating for a cause than their adult counterparts. Orain also highlighted that when one is in his/her youth he /she is more passionate about the issues affecting the youth population and better way to create a better future than by using the youth who are the future.

The session was an inspiring one it became the most talked about session for the entire forum. The success of the session was not only dependent on the fact that the four panellist opened up a new topic which would be discussed at both formal and informal table discussions, but that these four individuals were able to achieve so much in a time when youth leadership and passion is decreasing and that as young people they have been able to effectively utilized the new media and galvanize support and awareness about issues that are important to the development of the world.

Share This Article

The passage of the National Health Bill has become a battle even though it has been passed at the Senate; all that is left is for the President to sign the Bill so it can become law. All of a sudden, a group of health workers are kicking against the signing of the Bill by Mr President due to some personal interest. They even held a press conference to state their position.

Am sure you are wondering what their argument is. In the Section 8 of the bill, it says that only a medical doctor can become the Executive Chairman of a tertiary institution but the health workers are arguing that, it should be left open to anybody that isn’t necessary a medical doctor. So for instance, if I studied 4 years of optometry or management science in the University, I should have equal opportunity to being an Executive Chairman of a tertiary institution.

Now whether the argument is valid or not, one is for sure at this point “mothers and children are dying daily.” It is worrisome because the bill is not about the health worker rather a National document that protects the health rights of every Nigerian. Just in case you do not know, the National health Bill is actually a framework for developing the health standard. So many other policy documents such as the National Health Development Policy, maternal newborn and Child Health Strategy and so on cannot reach their full potential based on the support and guidance that will come through the National Health Bill. Like the statutory provision of 2% from the consolidated revenue of the country.

Are you thinking what I am thinking? “PASS THE BILL AND RAISE CONCERNS FOR AMENDMENT LATER” BINGO! My point exactly. It is 2nd of June today, the new house of reps will be sworn in by Monday an once they are sworn in, the bill will have to be reviewed again by the new parliament. Need I say that the present bill passed has been in the parliament for the last 10years.

Imagine the total number of women and children that have died during this period and how many more will die the more we wait. Therefore, Mr. President, please sign the BILL into law on or before Monday. It will make a whole lot of difference and it is one of the essence of your transformation agenda.

In conclusion, it is a battle and we need the international community to support in whichever way they can. As the president attends the HLM in Geneva, one of the key questions you need to ask him is if he has accented to the bill. It is a collective RESPONSIBILITY.

5key benefits the BILL guarantees are as follow
1. EQUITY: The Bill guarantees fairness in the allocation of resources or the treatment outcomes among different individuals or groups.
2. EFFICIENCY: The Bill will allow Nigerians to obtain the best possible value for the resources used.
3. ACCESS: The Bill allows Nigerians to have access to the health services they need by removing or reducing financial and physical barriers.
4. Quality: Properly implemented, the law will improve quality health services in Nigeria.
5. Sustainability: There is robust provision for coordination, financing, expenditure tracking and community participation, which will ensure sustainability.

All of these key points will also increase Nigeria’s chance of reaching the MDGs. By the way, we are less than 45months to the MDGs.

Share This Article

Each week, I’ll be posting a list of the most news-worthy and/or inspirational, informative, well-written, thought-provoking, and/or unique posts of the week. While every post and every contributor is valuable to our community, these are the blogs that I feel are must-reads.

May 22- May 28

Stats for this week: 66 posts by 28 writers

Cruelty Beyond Measure: The North Carolina Anti-Abortion Bill’s 21 Tactics for Terrorizing Women- by AFY_Nikki

Inside this post;

The bill…stipulates no fewer than 21 government-imposed obstacles that women, their families, and their doctors must confront before said women are considered "informed" enough to receive abortion care.

Religious Ideology, Poverty, and Sex Slavery- by dandaman6007

Dan talks about involuntary sex trafficking out of Nigeria, and explains the connection between poverty and religion that keeps this practice thriving.

The Precedent of Silence- by Bkemp93

Inside this post:

Learn how Tennessee’s “Don’t Say Gay” bill contributes to LGBTQ youth being ostracized and how the “tyranny of silence” reaches beyond schools.

Response to “Who Runs the World (Girls)” song and video- by ashthom

Inside this post:

Ashley shares a video that explains why Beyonce’s new song is an absolute lie.

New Campaign: “The Time Is Now: Climate Change and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights- by Liz

Inside this post:

Liz introduces us to the new campaign from Advocates for Youth called “The Time is Now,” and explains the connection between climate change and youth SRHR issues. If you’ve wondered about the intersection of these issues before, this will help answer some of your questions.

Thank you to everyone who posted a blog this week! You are part of what makes this community great!

~ Samantha
Community Editor

My posts for this week:
Kansas state rep compares getting raped to getting a flat tire
Lt. Dan Choi beaten and arrested at Moscow Pride

Share This Article

 The Aspen Institute alongside the National Geography have convened the fourth annual Aspen environmental Forum at the Aspen Meadows in Aspen Colorado from May 30 to June 3 2011. the main focus of the Forum is to foster a meeting of the minds between thought leaders and concerned average citizens from the various walks of life that allows for disagreements without the invective.  this years Forum is being led by the Institute’s Energy and Environment Programmes.

The Forum boast a wide cross section of speakers and participants from all over the US and Internationals community. the list range from Joel Achenbach from the Washington Post, Ambassador Jan Eliasson-Former President Unnited Nations General Asembly and Former Minister for Foreign Affairs Sweden,Phumzile Mlambo NGcuka Former Deputy President of South Africa along with Orain Edwards of JSTAR and Roli Mahajan of Advocates for Youth Int’l Year of the Youth Journalist.

The sessions will range from Steward vs Dominion, 9 Billion at Mid-Century: then What?, Megaslums to Middle Class, coping with the calamity: The Art of Looking Ahead and finally Sustainability 2050: Youth Leaders Speak.

Share This Article

In April 2011 following the voting exercise which took place in the country, the young promising Nigerian youths in the northern parts decided to show off a portion of their youthful strength. The pockets of violence that trailed the announcement of results of the presidential election escalated as irate youths unleashed mayhem in the northern part of the country. These they said was as a result of what they described to be a slim victory margin of the PDP (people’s Democratic Party) over the CPC (Congress for Progressive Change). Why can’t the candidate who lost fight for himself? We all know these youths are employed to cause violence, the fact that they are out of school already shows the real reason why they take up violence as a career. Of course a graduate cannot be caught in these acts. The question is: Are there no schools for these youths to attend? Or Are there no skill acquisition centres where these youths can get developed? I know the universal basic education program (UBE) operates in the grassroots to enable youths attend schools without payment and also skill acquisition centres where they can learn various handwork of their choice, but they still indulge in violence. If we begin to look at this issue from another dimension we will notice these actions in some cases are been fostered by the leaders whom these youths support. Tell me why a poor youth who doesn’t have much hope for the future wouldn’t accept to do a violent job if it yields income? The idea actually comes from the job providers. If we can tackle those with the ideas behind these violent jobs then there would be reduced opportunities to show violence. Next, some of these poor youths indulge in drug use. Poverty alongside drug use has a high tendency to result in violent acts all with the aim of getting money.
Tomorrow 29th of May marks the inauguration of a new president in the country. Everyone hopes for the best and are optimistic these irate youths do not have something up their sleeves.

Share This Article

Over the period of November 18-21, the 2011 Caribbean HIV Conference, under the theme "Strengthening Evidence to Achieve Sustainable Action", will be held in Nassau, Bahamas. It aims to sharpen the focus on HIV in the Caribbean, which has the second highest HIV prevalence rate amongst adults. The conference is expected to present findings on new scientific research studies along with different methods of carrying out various techniques and should also aid in skill-building while creating many networking opportunities for meeting new passionate individuals who share the same zeal and ideals towards HIV related events.
The abstract shown below shows one of the abstracts chosen from Jamaica that will be presented at the Conference.


Youth Advocacy Movement (YAM) Jamaica is a group of young people who work in the field of HIV prevention through peer sensitization and community intervention. YAM utilizes drama, song and dance as major methods of disseminating information on healthy social and sexual living. The need for education and sensitization is great as results of the 2008 KABP showed that 61.5% of males and 16.8% of females between the ages of 15-49 reported having multiple sex partners within the last 12 months, but only 64.5% of males and 52.1% claimed they used a condom in their last sexual encounter. This paper will inform attendees on various audiences present in Jamaican communities (such as the domino players, shop keepers, hairdressers, and conservative vs outgoing females), and ideal methods of targeting them. It will also teach attendees how to utilize performing arts as an effective means of relationship building, community sensitization, and social behavioural change in communities.

While working with YAM, members were trained in advocacy through drama to spread messages about safe sex, HIV testing, having a single sex partner, gender based violence, and drug abuse through song, dance, and drama. They were also taught about the various social sub-groups in various communities, and the best ways and places to target them.

Good Practices

This medium enabled YAM members to discuss the causes of the various risky sexual behaviours and sexuality issues with individuals who refused to come to community centres and clinics. Barriers to sexual health, including condom accessibility and use, and condom negotiation skills were included in performances for follow-up visits to the community. Feedback showed that individuals were now more aware of the responsibility they have for their sexual health, and were now better able to protect themselves, especially following the condom-negotiation drama pieces.


Performing arts was a widely accepted and effective tool of disseminating information in the communities. Individuals who were initially reluctant to speak about sexual health issues were more willing to watch the drama pieces, and listen to the songs, and were more open in asking questions after the performances. Using performing arts is an effective strategy in prevention interventions and social behavioural change initiatives, and is adaptable for use in other communities.

Share This Article

Nigerian sex traffickers lure young girls (ages 12-18) into sex slavery in Europe. There are over 100,000 Nigerians in the sex trade in Europe, mainly in Italy and England. Around 80% come from Edo, a southern state that is home to only three percent of Nigeria’s population. It is the trafficking capital of Africa, and home of the traditional West African religion known as Juju. (Modern Ghanha)

While sex workers face struggles for power and rights when their work is voluntary, the struggles are even more heartbreaking when women are forced into the work. It is normal for trafficked women and girls to have sex with 10 or 12 men a day. They must work even when they feel ill, are on their period, or have been beaten and severely injured by their clients. Women involved in the sex trade have a very high risk of contracting HIV, and face stigmatization for their positive status upon returning home.

Why do girls end up in these tragic situations? Some suggest for purely economic reasons: they are promised a lot of money, and sometimes a girl’s family or even boyfriend or husband will encourage her to work in the sex trade in Europe for several years. They will expect her to return home with a large sum of money.

However, some reasons transcend the purely economic.

Nigerian traffickers often approach girls from families with little education and economic means, and promise her transportation to and work opportunities in Europe. And to make sure that she doesn’t bail on their plan once she realizes what she will be forced to do, they make her take an oath based on traditional “Juju” practices:

“The girl is taken to a shrine or a cemetery in the middle of the night, her finger nails are cut off, her pubic hair is shaved, a menstrual pad containing her blood is taken away, and then a piece of her clothing is removed," said Orakwue Arinze, a spokesman for the Nigerian National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Persons (NAPTIP)
"These are deposited in a shrine with wicked incantations that this girl should die and her family be wiped out in the event that she runs away or [exposes] these criminal practices," he added.” (BBC)

So how large scale is this horrific abuse of human rights? An estimated 20,000 to 40,000 women are trafficked into sex slavery from Nigeria each year. Worldwide, the U.S. Congressional Research Service estimates that every year two million people are trafficked against their will to work in some form of servitude. Annually, about 50,000 women and girls are trafficked into the United States alone. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that trafficking in human beings is a $5 to $7 billion industry worldwide (American University).

As the global community tries to find a solution, we must recognize that poverty and sex trafficking for hand in hand. In order to combat sex slavery, we need to combat global poverty aggressively.

"Trafficking is inextricably linked to poverty. Wherever privation and economic hardship prevail, there will be those destitute and desperate enough to enter into the fraudulent employment schemes that are the most common intake systems in the world of trafficking.” -USAID Office of Women in Development

Globalization and income disparity between the wealthy and the poor have huge costs, especially to these vulnerable women. Working to reduce poverty in developing nations is crucial to combatting sex slavery. Helping and fully funding developing countries’ educational programs should be a high priority for the international community. This type of funding helps young girls can stay in school longer and escape being preyed upon. But, like any business, sex work and forced sex trafficking will only continue if there are clients willing to pay for it. It is as much the westerner’s fault for paying for sex with these abused women, as it is the Nigerian traffickers who bring them to Europe.
It is important to look past the data and understand that these trafficking victims are real people:

Rachel was living in Benin City with her sister when she was approached by a man who asked if she would like to go abroad and earn money. After a long and roundabout route she arrived in Rome, where she met her pimp, named "Madam Agnes." She was shocked to learn that she was expected to earn $50,000 dollars from prostitution, or be denounced to the police as an illegal immigrant. At the going rate that would have meant sex with several partners a day for three years.

Rachel tried to escape, but to no avail. After three weeks on the streets, a client drove her to the patch of empty ground. After having sex with Rachel in his car, he told her to hand over all of her earnings from the day. She kept her earnings in a sock and gave him an empty purse. He started to curse and hit her, whereupon she managed to open the door and start running. He started the car and drove it right at her, knocking her down. Luckily he then drove off, because as she knows only too well, she could have been killed. Covered in blood and crying, Rachel then walked back to the corner where she worked. In retrospect, it seems amazing that she returned. It shows how totally cowed she had been by her experience and by the fearsome Madam Agnes.

Rachel was rescued by a group of modern Samaritans from the Catholic group Caritas, who patrol the streets of Rome every Wednesday in an attempt to check up on the prostitutes. They quickly realized that Rachel was sick and asked her to go to a hospital with them. At first Rachel refused: "I thought I would not be able to afford treatment." They insisted gently and told her that the treatment would be free. Even ensconced in a hospital bed, Rachel was reluctant to sleep, afraid of how Madam would react. The staff carried out medical tests, which presumably included a test for sexually transmitted diseases and even HIV-AIDS.

Rachel’s five days in the hospital finally broke the grip of Madam Agnes. The Caritas group asked if Rachel wanted to return to Nigeria and offered to help. She was taken to a convent in Rome, where she stayed for several days with two other girls. She then went to the Nigerian embassy in Rome and to the office of the International Organization of Migration, to collect the necessary documents and ticket. In one final act of pure malice, Madam Agnes had phoned Rachel’s family after she had escaped and told them that she had been killed. When Rachel returned home, alive and well, they were overjoyed. They were also bitterly angry-so angry, in fact, that they went in person to confront the brother of Agnes. He was living in Benin City and had arranged for the departure of their child two months earlier.

Rachel’s story rings true for most Nigerians, and it is only one of thousands of stories just like it that radiate from all over the world. (via http://www1.american.edu/ted/italian-trafficking.htm)

Share This Article

While reading the daily paper on Monday of last week I came across a letter to the editor entitled “Stop HIV Pre-Employment testing” which immediately drew my attention. Dr. Rattray a well-known physician wrote the letter complaining of an ordeal a patient of his had to face for job-required physical, Dr Rattray wrote that the female patient had to submit herself to blood tests that included mandatory HIV-antibody screening and sign a document agreeing that the results should go to her new potential employer (a well-known international company), this was later confirmed by the human resource manager of the company through a telephone call with Dr. Rattray. The Human resource Manager reported that it was company policy for the HIV-antibody test to be included in the ‘routine’ physical and explained that the patient was on probationary employment.

Now I found this occurrence as not only disturbing but also as a setback for treatment, care and support for those infected within the Jamaican society. After many attempts by International and national legislation it is shocking to learn that companies still require mandatory testing for employment. Are you serious, let’s be reminded that HIV/AIDS cannot be transferred through sharing simple office supplies such as pens, papers, desk chairs.
I had the privilege of taking a Labour and Employment Law course at the UWI and was fortunate to write a paper on the nature and scope of the HIV/AIDS Workplace Policy by the Ministry of Labour that was passed in Parliament in February 2010. The policy visibly stipulates that there should be no workplace HIV-antibody testing (whether for pre-employment screening, pre-contractual screening, for promotions or renewal of work contracts). The Ministry of Health is currently in the process of finalising its HIV policy from the perspective of the workplace.

In addition there is the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work states, "HIV/AIDS screening should not be required of job applicants or persons in employment." The Caribbean Tripartite Council/Pan Caribbean Partnership against HIV/AIDS – Model Caribbean Workplace Policy on HIV/AIDS stipulates under HIV screening, recruitment and employment that: "The organisation will not compel an employee or a job applicant to disclose his or her HIV or AIDS status, or that of any other person."

With both national and international legislations prohibiting such actions I still cannot comprehend how and why a company would continue to implement such a policy. This further puts the fight against discrimination and stigmatization a step back which is all too sad. It will no doubt affect PLWHA and their family. I honestly wish one of our many parliamentarians or a good lawyer saw and read this letter and have contacted the victim with the intention of addressing the problem.

Share This Article

Every day at least fifty persons become infected with HIV in the Caribbean region. HIV prevalence in Jamaica is 1.7% and concentrated among key populations, namely, MSM, SW, Prisoners and Crack Cocaine Users. AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STI) together have had a tremendous impact on the young and productive age groups (15-49 years) and are the second leading cause of death for both male and female 15 to 24 years old.

The age of sexual debut is 13 years for boys and 15 years for girls. Girls 15-19 years are three times at higher risk of infection than males in the same age group. The drivers of the epidemic are multiple sex partners, low and inconsistent condom usage, inter alia. About 69% HIV cases are transmitted through sexual intercourse. In 2008, 83.5% of young males reported using condom at last sex with non-regular partner compared to 66.3% females. Conversely, females test more than males (46.8% compared to 18.9%). In the 2008 KAPB study, transactional sex was common among 37% of sexually active respondents or more than 27.3% of the total population 15-49 years.

Since the start of the epidemic in the 1980s about 2,500 young persons ages of 10 – 29 reported living with AIDS. By early 2007, an estimated 5,125 children under the age of 15 years were orphaned by HIV/AIDS. During 2006, there were 73 new AIDS cases reported for children under 10 years, compared to 78 in 2005. In the same year, the number of female youth between 15 and 24 years newly reported with AIDS, was three times higher than their male counterparts. Such findings may be linked to the high rate of forced sex, sexual intercourse with HIV-infected older men and transactional sex.

Share This Article

The Government of Jamaica has increased the funding for HIV/AIDS programmes in the 2011-2012 budget. Specially, they must be lauded for increasing funding for HIV prevention programmes in the 2011-2012 budget, which was tabled in Parliament recently. An additional $98 million has been earmarked for spending on HIV/AIDS which is an increase to the $284 million spent in 2010-2011.

This is very encouraging and as an advocate I can be a little less worried about the lack of funding for HIV prevention. If this allocation is spent responsibly, there can be significant benefits to Jamaica’s progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halting and reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015.

Therefore, the government must use this $346.7 million to implement evidence and human rights-based responses to reduce sexual risk taking among adolescents and youth (in and out of school). In addition, they must ensure that HIV prevention commodities, such as condoms and lubricants are readily available and accessible to all adolescents and youth who are of reproductive age and/or sexually active for various reasons.

According to an article in the Gleaner, the increase is expected to reach an additional 50,000 young Jamaicans and adolescents through prevention activities this year. The Jamaica Youth Advocacy Network (JYAN) encourages the government to prioritize the following groups of young people:
• young people living with HIV (YPLHIV);
• young people in detention and state care;
• indigenous and young people living in rural Jamaica;
• young persons with disabilities;
• and all other vulnerable and marginalized youth including young men who have sex with men (MSM), young sex workers (SW) and young people who use drugs.

Such an approach serves to improve our potential to achieve Universal access to prevention and achieve the MDGs. It would be good though; if they could set aside some of that money for youth-led organisations in Jamaica to design and implement programmes themselves. After all, UNAIDS say young people are leading the HIV prevention revolution; so let’s get one started in the Caribbean.

Share This Article

For generations, the manifestation of common thought in Jamaica is that the Church, Sex and the State are three mutually exclusive entities or phenomena and for a lot of people a mixture of all or any two of those things could sometimes lead to vitriolic clashes in many circles, so much so that the Church and the State are entrenched separate entities. I wish to place this theory in the context of Jamaica’s fight against HIV/AIDS and general risky youth sexual practices and the role that the church plays or could potentially play (depending on the prism through which this interface is viewed).

An article entitled “Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Jamaican Adolescents” http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/3700611.html presents the findings of a recent study which reveals that “Nearly half of sexually active Jamaican adolescents report using condoms inconsistently or not at all in the last year,” of course, a very frightening state of affairs. The study further noted that those who were able overcome the lure of sexual gratification attributed their measured risk of behavior-sexual activities to “regular attendance at religious services.” The finding of this study highlights the potential role of the Church and other religious organisations in our society to assist the efforts of the State and non-State actors in taming the highly contagious “Risky Sex” beast that rampantly traverses many parts of this country. The findings also indicate that these three things are not mutually exclusive but that the one clearly is dependent on the other in this particular context.

Conversely, while attendance at church may tend to have that general effect in ideal circumstances (and the study does not reveal the extent to which this is the case), the failure of our religious sector to unlearn defunct approaches to ‘evangelising’ have also had the counter-effect of influencing risky sexual practices. I refer specifically to their general stance to sexually active teenagers, their staunch homophobic messages and their general reluctance to discuss sex and sexual practices with its members. More often than not, this topic is seen as taboo and an activity that should be exclusive to married people; a notion that clearly ignores the vividly contrasted reality. The church should therefore be more actively involved in the sex educations of the citizens of our nation to support the functions of the State and of course there is nothing wrong with teaching when sex is permissible or desirable within their religious context. Overall, however, important sexual and reproductive aspects should not be sacrificed on the alter of clearly old-fashioned religious practices. This study then, even if it scratched the surface, should not be ignored.

The State is primarily responsible and charged with matters concerning sexual and reproductive health but the church does indeed have a moral duty to support these matters in the way that they reasonably can. Of course, certain fundamental changes will not happen overnight as certain cultural values may take decades to be unlearned. Championing SRHR requires synergy; synergy of the hearts and mind of its champions and importantly synergy of the different entities within our societies.

Share This Article

For the past few decades, the world has seen a dramatic increase in international relations both due to escalating advances in technologies and the globalisation of thoughts, ideas and objectives of the world’s most progressive nations. Not the least bit recognisable is the emergence of countless international conventions setting out fundamental human rights and freedoms. These conventions include the International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights (ICCPR), the Conevention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Convention on the Rights of a Child and the United Declaration of Human Rights. The substance of the rights contained in these provisions, disappointingly, still continue to elude some of the world’s most vulnerable populations such as women, children, minorities and the gay/lesbian community. This is due to the fact that it appears that these instruments are entered into as mere formalities and cannot be litigated in most national courts or it is too expensive to access international mechanisms for the enforcement of these rights (wherever such mechanisms exists).

Reference is made particularly to two recent incidents. That is, the recent passage of the Charter of Fundamental Rights & Freedoms in Jamaica which still failed to widen the non-discriminatory clause and the centuries-old practice of circumcising young girls in parts of Africa, such as Kenya, which has lit up international media: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/video/2011/apr/18/female-genital-mutilation-video

It therefore begs the questions of whether international conventions such as the ones highlighted above are nothing but ‘sitting ducks’ and whether the enforcement of international human rights obligations are being sacrificed on the alter of religion, culture or ignorance as the case may be. It also leads one to further question whether these largely non-justiciable human rights provisions (at least from the point of view of domestic law) do much to advance the state of the most vulnerable in our societies. This is not to discount the work of international human rights activists who have been working hard to vindicate the rights of people across the globe and who have been successful in many recognisable respects. However, there remains much to be done. And since Rome wasn’t built in a day, it will clearly take a while to get this right! 

Profile photo of Naketa West
Share This Article

I read a passage from the ‘Word of Today’ (Caribbean edition) on April 13th 2011; it was entitled ‘Everyone who loves God is Born of God’. The title however didn’t do much justice to the rest of the passage which went on to say that “it’s easier to label people than to love them. We label things because we think we know what’s inside, and we label people for the same reason. We’d rather debate homosexuality than befriend someone who is gay, condemn divorce than help its victims, argue about abortion than support an orphanage, or gripe about social services than help the poor”. This passage resonated with me as I was recently a part of a consultation on Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care & Support where we discussed the goal of getting to zero: zero infections, zero discrimination and zero HIV/AIDS related deaths. I thought to myself what an important message being circulated in this book and it is indeed the way forward.

From the consulation, most if not all persons (mainly youth) who participated saw the need for: from a legislative level- the need for amendment to discriminatory laws that prove as a barrier for persons living with HIV from minority groups to access the treatment and care they need to maintain healthy lives; and from a societal and community level, within schools, offices and even hospitals where many persons still face discrimination- education campaigns and retraining for health workers. Many are scorned or their children are scorned, they are frowned upon and gossiped about, they are denied access to services and or they receive these services with a taste of disgust by those they interact with. More than 20 years later after the discovery of HIV/AIDs in Jamaica we are still crawling and operating at a luke warm temperature. This ‘under the carpet’ way of dealing with issues will not make the change we need. How can we combat the fight against HIV/AIDS when, for example, our health care professionals are at the root of some of these discriminatory instances?

In today’s modern society, supposedly marked by rational thinking and practical approaches I would have hoped that archaic and misinformed ways was not driving our daily decision making or policy making procedures. The world consists of different people from different races, ethnicity, health status, migration status and sexual orientation and as people continue to explore it we’ll all one day interact with someone who is different from us. When this happens what judgement will you use (poor or good)? Should we discriminate against that person (by showing our disgust or commenting negatively etc)? Or should we greet them, treat them and respect them? what say you?

I say, lets works towards and promote a world free from discrimination. How? By removing the hate we entrench in our labels:

I am fat NOT a person that should be mistreated or disrespected!
I am a deportee/refugee NOT a person that should be mistreated or disrespected!
I am divorced NOT a person that should be mistreated or disrespected!
I am HIV positive NOT a person that should be mistreated or disrespected!
I am gay NOT a person that should be mistreated or disrespected!

I am a person who should be respected!!!! Let’s respect the life of all after all it’s our fundamental human right.

Share This Article

Advocates for Youth staff and three members of the Advocates International Youth Leadership Council attended the 44th session of the Commission on Population and Development (CPD) last week at the United Nations in New York.

Interestingly, the vicious fight for sexual and reproductive health and rights has not just been happening on the Hill in Washington, DC — it’s also occurring at the United Nations.

For those not so familiar with United Nations meetings, the Commission on Population and Development works to follow-up on the implementation of the Program of Action (PoA) of the International Conference of Population and Development (ICPD). The PoA is a landmark 20-year action plan, ending in 2015, that places the sexual and reproductive health and rights and well-being of women, men and young people around the world at the heart of development policies and strategies.

This year’s Commission on Population and Development (CPD) meeting is especially important because it is focused on "Fertility, reproductive health and development." Therefore, you would think that sexual and reproductive health, rights, and access to family planning information, commodities, and services would be areas of major focus at the meeting. However, with opposition forces increasingly descending upon the United Nations, this focus does not guarantee recognition of young people’s needs nor a rights-based framework to sexual and reproductive health.

And so Advocates’ and other youth leaders from colleague organizations and from around the world have been working very hard to put youth issues on the table and elevate the importance of sexual and reproductive health and rights. On Monday, April 11th, Advocates helped coordinate a youth caucus on sexual and reproductive health and rights, along with the Youth Coalition, CHOICE for youth and sexuality, Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS (GYCA), and YouAct.

The caucus was attended by over 40 young people, representing various organizations and countries, including Azerbaijan, Barbados, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Germany, Haiti, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Turkey, and the United States. During the caucus, participants discussed advocacy strategies for influencing negotiations during this CPD and prepared three youth statements. The statements focused on: 1)young women’s health, 2)comprehensive sexuality education, and 3)meaningful youth participation. The final youth statements were delivered by young people on April 12th and 13th to the Chair of the Commission on Population and Development and the country delegations in plenary.

  • Meredith, a member of Advocates International Youth Leadership Council read the statement on Young Women’s Health and members of the other organizing groups. Read her statement.
  • Rachel from the Global Youth Coalition on AIDS delivered the statement on Comprehensive Sexuality Education. Read her statement.
  • Nadia from the Youth Coalition delivered the statement on Meaningful Youth Participation. Read her statement.

The local, national, and global fight for sexual and reproductive health and rights is more apparent than ever. Stay tuned for more news from youth activists at this year’s Commission on Population and Development meeting.

More info:

Share This Article

 Hi friends!

I’m here in Bamako, Mali, accompanied with many of my colleagues, including Nana Nyarko Boateng and Jaevion Nelson, International Year of Youth (IYY) journalists reporting on this meeting via Amplify blogs, Facebook and Twitter.  Day 1 was an exciting day where we had Michel Sidibe, UNAIDS Executive Director and the President of Mali, Amoudu Toumani Toure speak at the opening ceremony.  Following the ceremony were youth-to-youth sessions focused on themes like youth leadership and key populatios.  Then, we participated in a "speed dating" session to (quickly!) discuss more technical issues like the civil society hearing, African Union and Global Fund Board.  Throughout these sessions, we pulled out recommendations that will be streamlined into the Call to Action that will be finalized by the end of this meeting.

Overall, Day 1 was interesting (and tiring!) to say the least, and I’m sure you’ll get what I mean once you hear from my colleague, Jaevion Nelson from Jamaica.

Here’s Jaevio’s video with his perspective of the meeting before the Opening Ceremony:

And here’s Jaevion’s video with his perspective by the end of Day 1:

Although we don’t have wifi at the Conference Center (crazy, I know), our team will do our best to keep you updated throughout the meeting! Thanks and stay tuned!

Share This Article

As a child growing up in Nigeria, the folklores I heard, the stories told, the songs that were taught to me by my mother and grandmother, and the dance styles that showed the true essence of a Nigerian woman made me eager to become a woman. But as the years went by, the stories changed, the songs became faint, the dances disappeared and the food became stale. The faces that once brought smiles now bring tears and reasons to be disillusioned. What went wrong in Nigeria and Africa? In the past, girls in Africa were seen as a waste of time and a burden to their societies. Our rights have been infringed upon one too many times and our cultures are partly to blame for such situations. Then I discovered that behind the smile, behind the dances, behind the story, is a girl that cries all day looking for whom to speak for her. We tend to forget that girl children are tomorrow’s women who will in turn produce the future leaders of Nigeria. Whatever they have received is what they will in turn give back. Although there have been some improvements regarding the ways girls and women are viewed in African societies, the changes that have occurred have been very minimal. There are many governmental issues that serve as setbacks to the strides made to girls’ and women’s situations. In order for a girl child to be the light and an agent of change in her society, certain infrastructures have to be in place.

Lack of girl child education

It is said that if you educate the girl child, you educate a generation and if you do not the reverse will be the case thereby leading to mass illiteracy. In the northern part of Nigeria, the need for the girl child to be married by age 12 prevents the girl from continuing her education. Girls are exposed to many sexually transmitted diseases, VVF and/or death. When her children begin to reach puberty, she is unaware of the changes that occur in their bodies and lacks the necessary information about their sexual health. Furthermore, she does not know how to talk to her girl children about their sexual and reproductive health needs. As a result of this, young girls seek advice from inexperienced friends and opportunistic males, increasing her risk of exposure to HIV and other sexually related illnesses. Also, in some rural communities female genital mutilation seems to be the order of the day as many teenage girls stream into their local herbalist’s clinic with their mothers and community women by their side. Baseless superstitions designed to prevent girls from engaging in premarital sexual practices serve as the primary reasons behind young women’s insistence on genital mutilation. All these problems happen while our government fold their hands and do NOTHING.
In light of the aforementioned issues, the importance of female empowerment and girl child education cannot be overemphasized. Most times women do not even have the right to determine the decisions regarding their reproductive health. In some communities, women and girls are denied access to contraceptives and/or information about family planning. Some of these communities view family planning as evil and ungodly. Finally, women and girls in these communities also contend with poor access to obstetric care.


The effects of poverty are seen everywhere in most parts of our communities. It was recently reported that a village community in Bayelsa, Nigeria has been encouraging girls at the age of puberty and below to go into commercial sex work as a means to care for their family members. Every time such actions are encouraged, a girl child is sacrificed on the altar of poverty. These family members do not care about what happens to these girls while they are on the streets; their primary concern is that their selfish desires are being met. When some of the girls become pregnant, they attempt to abort the pregnancy using techniques that are detrimental to their health. In addition, poverty has also landed many girls into child labour. My spirit cries when I see girls of my age and under, who should be in school hawking on the streets. I often ponder what becomes of these young women- what if they are killed, raped, kidnapped or even used for rituals? Is anyone listening to the voices that cry out from the various parts of our country? A time has come for us to speak up and say NO MORE! It is time for the government to listen to us.

Our beloved government of Nigeria, girls do not want to listen to sweet words from the mouths of our leaders about how beautiful we are. All we want is good governance so that our dreams may be realized. We want to be heard! We need 100% commitment from the government on health related issues, information and services, not just for us but for our children and those yet unborn. We need your commitment on the promotion of women’s rights. What legacy would you want to leave knowing you have a daughter, niece, sister and friend? I do not think that this is too much to ask from the GIANT OF AFRICA – the land where leaders emerge from the wombs of women…

This year marks 100 years of the commemoration of International Women’s Day. To mark this event, the citizens of Nigeria would like to witness the change that we know is possible for this great nation.

Share This Article

Is zero new HIV infections and zero AIDS-related deaths by 2015 really attainable?

More than twenty young people from across Jamaica will meet on April 9, 2011 to critically assess that possibility based on the lived reality that they confront on a daily basis. They are expected to do so against the background of rape, incest, lack of condoms, sexual diversity, discrimination, etc. The already brewing militant mood of these youths is expected to be central to their recommendations to the Government in preparation for Jamaica’s participation in the United Nations High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS in New York in June 2011.

There is steady progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 6 – to halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015 globally. UNAIDS Executive Director, Michel Sibide, echoed that sentiment by insisting that the energy of young people must be harnessed for an HIV prevention revolution. “We are well on our way towards an HIV-free generation”, he said. But it is no secret that such a revolution must however be quick in coming so as to reverse the fact that in the Caribbean fifty persons become infected with HIV everyday. Additionally, new HIV infections are outpacing treatment in the Caribbean. In 2009, for every 50 persons starting antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the Caribbean, there were 70 new HIV infections.

According to Dr. Pierre Somse, UNAIDS Representative for Jamaica, “this is of great concern because far too many young people in Jamaica do not know how to correctly prevent HIV transmission while they are having sex from as early as 13 years. That is why UNAIDS is happy to be involved in this consultation”.

The consultation, entitled “Getting To Zero & The Road to Universal Access”, is being convened by the Jamaica Youth Advocacy Network (JYAN) with technical assistance from UNAIDS. JYAN is an independent voluntary youth-led non-governmental organisation (NGO), which represents the interests and aspirations of youth across Jamaica. Participants at the consultation comprise of persons from JYAN, the Jamaica Youth Ambassadors Programme (JYAP), Eve for Life, National AIDS Committee (NAC), Ashe Performing Arts Company, UNFPA Youth Advisory Board, Clarendon College and UWISTAT, National Secondary Students’ Council, among others.

According to Jaevion Nelson, Executive Director at JYAN, the consultation is important because the progress in Jamaica towards achieving the MDGs has not reached every young person between ages 10 and 24, particularly those who are most vulnerable, marginalized and at risk. “We are still in dire need of comprehensive sex and sexuality education. We need access to and availability of condoms and other safe sex commodities. And we need a more holistic mechanism to treat, care and support those of us who are living with HIV/AIDS.” There are still approximately 13,000 people waiting for HIV treatment in Jamaica.

The consultation seeks to identify gaps in the national response to HIV and AIDS and suggest appropriate strategies to create a more enabling environment to reduce young people’s vulnerability to HIV transmission and AIDS related deaths. It will also air the human rights issues around stigma and discrimination preventing access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for the nation’s youth.

At the end of the consultation a Call to Action will be developed urging stakeholders to renew their commitment and improve national strategies for moving forward towards reaching universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support and the Millennium Development Goals with respect to young people.

Share This Article

There is a dearth of study on ‘the influence of television […] on [adolescent and youth] sexual attitudes, feelings and sexual behaviours’ (Forbes, 2010). In Jamaica, very little is known about how advertisements and music videos for example, with such high sexually explicit content, promotes sexual risk-taking or myths about sex and sexuality, relationships and HIV/AIDS.

Youth ages 10 to 24 comprise nearly one-third of Jamaica’s population of over 2.7 million people. The HIV prevalence among the general population in Jamaica is 1.7% and adolescents and youth continue to be at high risks of HIV transmission.

Researchers have provided a number of reasons, including the lack of access to effective prevention programmes, safe sex contraceptives and age appropriate information, as drivers that increase sexual risk-taking behaviours among adolescents and youth. In addition, the National HIV/STI Programme has found that multiple sex partners, low condom usage and low perceptions of risks also contribute to the incidences of HIV transmission among adolescents and youth in Jamaica.

Of particular importance is the lack of comprehensive information about sex and sexuality and STIs including HIV. As young people we face a dilemma. On one hand, we are exposed to sex and on the other social institutions such as the media offer very little opportunity for us to learn all we need to safeguard and protect our sexual and reproductive health. In fact, although there are public broadcasting policies in Jamaica, which limit the frequency, and/or content at particular times of the days, there is still a high volume of such content aired throughout the day. Conversely, on a youth-related talk show, hosted by Empress – a popular media personality in Jamaica, the topic of sexual abuse was being discussed but couldn’t be aired at its regular early evening time.

I am still clueless about why such an important topic had to be delayed until late in the night when so many of our young people know very little about sexual abuse. This is concerning since there is an alarming degree of misinformation and ignorance about HIV/AIDS among young people, especially young women. Studies have also shown that these same young people are teaching their peers about sex. The age of sexual debut is 13 years for girls and 15 for boys; yet there is a significant investment towards abstinence-only initiatives such as the RE TV “Abstinence” School Tour and the National Family Planning Board.

Of critical importance to this discussion, is the role of dancehall music, especially music videos for the said genre, in the lives of adolescents and youth and how it helps to shape their self, social and sexual identities. Media, Music & Adolescent Sexuality in Jamaica, by Dr. Marcia Forbes (2010) study, found that adolescents believe there is a direct correlation between quantities of dancehall videos watched and whether a boy as well as a girl had ever had sex. There is also a direct correlation between quantities of dancehall videos watched & number of sexual partners a boy as well as a girl had.

In addition, 33.8% of adolescents surveyed in Forbes’ study believe that dancehall music is most likely to bring on sexual desires. Additionally, 74.4% believe that of all the music genres listened and viewed dancehall music has the most sex talk/sexual behaviours in content.

Dancehall as music, culture and behaviour is closely connected with potentially problematic sexual behaviours, including sexual risk-taking and multiple sex partners among adolescents and youth. As such there is an urgent need for more integration of media and dancehall music, both as an art form and cultural behaviour, in the national response to HIV and AIDS. The use of media, music and popular dancehall artistes is seemingly minimal compared to the impact they have on adolescent and youth sexual behaviours. For instance, the use of dancehall artistes is more predominant within the RE TV School Tour. This is largely irrelevant given that over 70% of adolescents surveyed in the Ministry of Health’s Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice and Behaviours Survey (2008) were sexually active.

Despite our easy access to various media, there is very little use of new and social media, including social networking websites and mobile phones, to respond to the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth in Jamaica. Program implementers must use new and social media more in their programmes and more must be done to survey the impact of the use of media on adolescents and youth sexual behaviours.

Share This Article

Traditional methods employed in the communication related to sexual reproductive health and right education have been rather unsatisfactory leaving gaps that have defeated the purpose of comprehensive sex education especially in the rural areas.  New communication and information technologies however can be integrated in facilitating SRH communication especially the use of social media such as Facebook, Twitter etc. for more constructive dialogue rather than the day to day personal updates in these channels and also the use of visualization bill boards to communicate SRH in rural areas of Africa.

lukman Jaji, a software consultant with the AU Department of Human Resource, Science and Technology, Division of Education from Nigeria shares his experience in this interview:

By Abongwa Victor, International Youth Journalist from Cameroon

Share This Article

It is kind of funny how most people think of their rights knowing them by heart  and can quote them whenever the need arises, but when it comes to taking responsibility that come with such rights –the majority of people tend to stay quiet?

The situation is even worse when it comes to young people.  They take their voices to the streets whenever they feel any right of theirs is being violated, yet fail to live up to expectations when it comes to responsibilities. This was the centre of discussion in one of the sessions of the AU pre summit today. I caught up with two young people Adeola Austin Oyinlade of the” Know Your Constitution Initiative” from Nigeria and Iliyasu Bah, Founder and President of the “Messeh Partnership Trust,” from Sierra Leone and the videos give what they understand as the rights of young people and also their responsibilities  drawing from the what is spelled out in the African Youth Charter, a document which clearly states the duties of  African Union Member States in meeting the needs and aspirations of  youth in their respective countries.

By Abongwa Victor, International Year of Youth Journalist, Cameroon

Share This Article

At the end of February, I had the amazing experience of attending the 55th Meeting of the Commission on the Status of Women at the United Nations Headquarters in New York with Advocates for Youth. The sessions I attended covered many different issues, from comprehensive sex education to violence against women to education of young women. However, from three days that I spent at CSW, one memory stands clear: people do not understand emergency contraception.

It happened more than once – representatives from different NGOs, in the United States and abroad, called emergency contraception (EC) “the abortion pill”. One particular participant launched into a description of what happened after her friend took the pill, including the torrents of blood that spilled out of her and the death of the fetus. However, we know that emergency contraception does nothing to a pregnancy that has already begun. If the egg has implanted in the uterus, taking those two pills will do absolutely nothing. There will be no flood of blood, because there is nothing in there to expunge. The biggest side effect that a girl may have is short-term vomiting – something that almost any medication can cause.

It is well-known that there have been countless struggles over EC, both domestically and internationally. The makers of Plan B, a common brand of EC, as well as several advocacy organizations (including Planned Parenthood) lobbied for several years to get emergency contraception available over-the-counter in U.S. pharmacies (the FDA finally approved this type of sale for women over 17 in 2006). Thanks to the work of organizations around the world, EC is now available in 140 countries worldwide. However, work still needs to be done. The Chilean government used to provide EC to girls over 14 free of charge, until a court declared in 2008 that it was unconstitutional. This video shows more.

 Even though it is now widely available in the developed and developing world, youth – who need EC the most – face the most barriers to obtaining it. 15-30% of sexually active girls in developing countries report that their first sexual encounter was coerced or forced. Half of all sexual assaults globally are against girls younger than 15. In Brazil, 58% of currently pregnant women say their pregnancies are mistimed or unwanted. 4.4 million females between the ages of 15 to 19 have abortions every year.

Adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 are two times more likely to die during childbirth than older mothers. Mothers under the age of 14 are five times more likely to die. Young mothers are often more likely to suffer from obstructed labor because their bodies are not prepared for childbirth. Obstructed labor, if not properly treated – and it is often not treated in developing countries – often leads to the death of the infant and the mother. The babies of teenage mothers are more likely to have a low birth weight, be born prematurely, or die. Young mothers are also less likely to complete their schooling, and are often ostracized by their communities.

Emergency contraception can help to reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies and abortions, not to mention reduce maternal mortality and infant mortality. The Guttmacher Institute estimates that, in the United States, more than 50,000 abortions were prevented by EC use in 2000; this accounts for 43% of the total decline in the number of abortions nationally. Access to EC in developing countries will help to reduce the number of unsafe abortions.

Girls who use EC are also more likely to begin using other forms of contraception. A study of 205 students in Jamaica revealed that 55% of those who used ECP adopted another method of contraception, such as the birth control pill, afterwards. A similar study in Mexico found that the use of EC is associated with increased probability of condom use.

So, why don’t adolescents use EC more often to prevent unwanted pregnancies after their other forms of birth control fail? In the 140 countries were EC exists, many adolescents simply do not know it is available, or have the same misconceptions as the young woman did at CSW. They oftentimes do not feel comfortable going to a clinic or pharmacy to ask for EC, due to fear of stigmatization, rude and judgmental staff, or fear that their family will find out. If a clinic or pharmacy is not open 24-hours a day or is nearby, the girl may miss the 72-hour window in which EC has the best chance of working. In many cases, she cannot afford EC.

Much work needs to be done to ensure that adolescents have safe, easily available, and affordable access to EC. Access to EC is guaranteed by the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, which states, “Information and services should be made available to adolescents to help them understand their sexuality and protect themselves from unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and subsequent risk of infertility.” Policymakers need to make sure that girls and health workers are educated about EC, including about its availability; make the product more available by ensuring that it is available in pharmacies and over-the-counter; reduce the stigma around using EC by training health workers; and eliminating any other barriers that may exist. Countries that do not make EC available must be pressured by NGOs and international agreements to legalize EC as a way to improve health and reduce the number of abortions.

It goes without saying that EC shouldn’t be needed. Every girl, boy, woman and man has the right to family planning and to be safe from rape and sexual assault. But the world isn’t always safe, mistakes happen, and condoms break. Therefore, emergency contraception needs to be available to everyone everywhere.

References: http://ec.princeton.edu/references/ecps-adolescents.pdf; http://sarilocker.com/blog/2009/03/27/plan-b-for-teens-on-cnn-headline-newshttp://www.cecinfo.org/issues/youth.htm

Share This Article

An aide to Chris Ngige, a former governor of Anambra State, was yesterday arrested by the police in the state over the illegal possession of election materials belonging to the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). Kingsley Ezenwenyi was arrested in his hotel room in Awka shortly after he visited the commission’s office to copy the deployment list of electoral officers released last Monday. His activities drew the attention of State Security Services officers attached to the commission. He was trailed to his hotel in the outskirts of Awka where he was discovered to be in possession of materials including election result sheets and was promptly arrested. A police source said only three people were in the hotel – two males and one female – and all were said to be members of the Action Congress of Nigeria. The materials said to be in his possession, according to the publicity secretary of INEC, Frank Egbo include: Form EC8 A with serial number 01008997 (original and duplicate copies), sixty copies of original Form EC8(R) which are for publication of results of poll, 56 copies of Form EC8 (B) which are summaries of results from polling stations and collation of Registration Area Level.“Illegal possession” the source said when the suspect was asked to explain how he came to possess the materials; he claimed he was working for INEC as a consultant to train members of the ACN for the election. But Mr Egbo said Mr Ezenwenyi was not working for the commission."He already has result sheets for pasting results and it means his own results would have been ready for publication before the conclusion of voting on Election Day and if he does that, you know the kind of confusion that would cause," Mr Egbo said.The spokesperson for the police, Emeka Chukwuemeka confirmed Mr. Ezenwenyi’s arrest-"He was illegally in possession of election materials," Mr Chukwuemeka said, adding that an investigation has been launched into the matter.The spokesperson for the ACN, Okelo Madukife, claimed ignorance of the development, saying he would investigate the matter before talking further on it.

Share This Article

The interactive session which took place yesterday in Gwagwalada area council, Abuja Nigeria brought young people together to discuss their problems regarding the electoral processes currently going on in the country. Enough is Enough in collaboration with Education as a vaccine which sponsored the session provided various electoral aspirants to give a five minutes talk on various challenges as aspirants and the reasons why young people should vote. A question and answer session was also provided as the youths present were able to ask whatever questions they had. The theme RSVP which represents REGISTER, SELECT, VOTE and PROTECT was explained in details to the participants so as to ensure every vote counts during the election. The participants linked developmental issues as well as reproductive health issues to the need for voting the right candidates. young people present gave various criterias on which they would vote their candidates some of which are the confidence of the aspirant, what he/she says he would do, the level of education attained, his/her experience and what he/she has done in the past. The need to stay away from electoral violence was emphasized as the need to protect their vote using their phones via calls, social networks for smart fones and the use of pictures was encouraged. The participants promised to be of good conduct during the whole process and pledged their support to register, select, vote and protect their votes.   

Share This Article

Shake it! A little more and a little fast….yay…yay

No, these are not slogans that you would shout out to a bartender while he might be concocting some exotic drinks for you but what you might hear in some suburb in India while a girl/woman might be going somewhere.

I had been having a discussion with a group of girls about groping/eve teasing during our lunch break. Case is, someone had made me read an article about how females (young and old) being harassed by men while they are moving about on roads. I related it to a discussion I had when a friend from Nigeria (almost on the verge of tears) had been chatting with me about the same. I had told her, pinching in the buses or whenever guys get a chance is common in India, girls here either carry pins or else they just get harassed but there was no point feeling anything afterwards, because the deed was done. I think, I sometimes take an easy way out and act like a pacifist.

But that afternoon hearing some of my colleagues tell their stories I realized people could be so strong and did take action against such harassment which others might try to avoid/just forget. There is this girl who is small in size but she packs a punch.

She spoke of a time when she was in college. She and a friend had been walking back home when these two guys came on a bike with extended hands and almost snatched whatever they could of the girl, so much so that they almost tore the front of her clothes. This girl had been there but she said that she felt impotent because she couldn’t do anything. She felt almost as violated as her friend so much so that she emphatically stated that, when things like these happen she would not hesitate to get a gun and shoot such hooligans at such times.

Another time when something similar had happened, she said that the guy had tried to grope her sister’s breast she had almost latched onto the guy at the back of the bicycle and scratched him though she got hurt too. I was just thinking while she was narrating all this that: Would i even have the presence of mind? Would I ever really have the guts to do something like that? What did these guys get from such activities? What would touching someone/pinching them/ catcalling/shouting out lewd comments or tearing clothes get these guys?

But the next event that the girl narrated made me want to write about it. She was going to give some written exam. Everyone is in a state on the morning before the exam and especially if you have been giving exams for five days at a stretch. The lady went forth to even say that she was all sweaty and unkempt yet some fellow, who passed her by, pinched her butt and went ahead. She saw the guy and asked him, what was he doing? The guy acted innocent and then the bell to enter to the hall for writing the paper rang, so everyone rushed on.

But the guy was unlucky.

This girl was in the class next to his and so she went to his class and made an announcement:

Dear All,
We have this guy amongst us who is here to pinch butts and not give an exam. He doesn’t care about how many marks he gets but definitely would like to increase his count of the number of pinches he indulges in. So, beware don’t lets increase his counts by letting him pinch girl butts but by asking the guys here to present their butts to him.

Hats off the Lady! I am not sure how many people would have thought of something like that but I wish that we could do things like these more often.

However, a word of caution which even this lady admitted to have followed: you do have to consider the situation before you decide to retaliate because at times the girl could end up paying heavily for speaking back!

Share This Article

Nigeria’s HIV prevalence has dropped from 4.6 per cent to 4.1 per cent with the number of infected people estimated at 3.1 million, disclosed yesterday in Abuja by the Minister of Health. Launching the 2010 HIV sero-prevalence sentinel survey among pregnant women, Chukwu said the reduction was made possible due to the effectiveness of various intervention strategies.

According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), the minister recalled that the national survey conducted in 1991 put the prevalence at 1.8 per cent, adding that although over the years the prevalence rose to 4.5 per cent in 1995/1996 and 5.8 per cent in 2001, it had been declining since then. According to him, the government instituted three types of HIV and AIDS surveys nationwide including programme planning, monitoring and evaluation, for effectiveness.

These are “sero-prevalence sentinel survey conducted among the ante-natal clinic attendees, HIV and AIDS and reproductive health survey plus, as well as the integrated biological and behavioural surveillance survey. Chukwu stated that the prevalence of new infection among youths aged 15 to 24 had also declined from 6.0 per cent in 2001 to 4.1 per cent in 2010. He explained that the 2010 sentinel survey had confirmed that HIV remained a public health problem of enormous magnitude that should be given priority. “With the national prevalence of 4.1 per cent, the number of people infected is estimated at about 3.1 million. “This means that Nigeria still has the second largest number of people living with HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and the highest in West African sub-region. So what has changed!

“The overall national HIV prevalence for 2010 ante-natal clinic sentinel survey is 4.1 per cent with prevalence ranging from 1.0 per cent in Kebbi to 12.7 per cent in Benue. “Currently, about 1.5 million people, including 212,720 children, are still in need of treatment”, the minister remarked. He said that about 400,000 People Living with HIV and AIDS had access to free antiretroviral drugs, adding that the Federal Government was committed to improving HIV and AIDS services and other areas of health. With a larger percentage been young people has these really helped us? And with Benue that had a prevalence 10.9% moving to 12.7% are we really seeing a decrease at that level?

Earlier, the Director-General of National Agency for the Control of HIV and AIDS, Prof John Idoko, had said there was the need to identify groups that were still fuelling infection so as to channel better preventive strategies. He urged state governments to strive to further reduce the epidemic in their communities. Also speaking, the Country Representative of WHO, Dr David Okello, advised states with low prevalence reporting to work harder for lower figures.

So where should we be going from here? beyond the published figures to the work we are doing, how do we get this treatment to those that need it as well? How can our roles in this as young people be enhanced and used positively to our country’s advantange on the issues? We still have so much to do…

Share This Article

Jamaica claims to stand in solidarity with other nations in its commitment to respect and preserve human rights of all its citizens. However, I am perturbed by the fact that the fundamental human rights and freedoms of law-abiding citizens are continuously hindered and violated, while the constitutional human rights of criminals and corrupt politicians are protected.

In light of the current Dudus-Manatt commission of enquiry, Dorothy Lightbourne and the Government of Jamaica are strongly of the view that the terms of the US extradition request in September 2009 of Christopher Coke, an alleged drug and gun trafficker, breached his constitutional rights, particularly freedom of expression, privacy and freedom of conscience.

Interestingly, this is the first time in the history of Jamaica that the Government has openly defended the constitutional rights of an alleged crime lord.

On the other hand, the constant breaching of the constitutional rights of people within vulnerable communities in Jamaica is never of such great concern or priority to the Government and Jamaican society, at large. What about the rights of people living with and affected by HIV and AIDS discrimination? What about the said rights of gays and lesbians living in Jamaica? What about the rights of people living with disabilities?

misplaced priority

It is clear that the constitutional rights and freedom of accused gang lords and criminals are of top priority to the Government of Jamaica, and also to ensure that they are protected by all means. Shame! Shame!

Therefore, Jamaica’s faith in fundamental rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, and in the equal rights of men and women is nonsensical and erroneous when a group of people or an individual is subjected to brutality and discrimination.
It is time for the Government of Jamaica to protect and preserve the human rights of ALL Jamaicans in the same way it protects the constitutional rights of reputed crime lords and criminal elements. Human rights are rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled. 

Share This Article

Our students are dying! The alarming surge of violence among students in Jamaica since the start of the year needs urgent attention. One too many students are being stabbed and beaten daily in and out of schools. I am deeply saddened and perturbed by the malicious and murderous trend of criminal activities affecting our children in Jamaica.

On January 26, 2011 16-year-old Alton Clarke, a student, was stabbed to death at the entrance to the Vere Technical High School in Clarendon. In addition, a group of schoolboys got into a fight which ended in two being stabbed. Prior to these incidents, another student was badly chopped with a machete by another student in Portmore, St Catherine, a few days after the resumption of classes. Criminal behaviour by students is intolerable.

Schools losing sight of core function

It is presumed that the majority of schools across Jamaica epitomise juvenile centres and have lost sight of their core function – educating our children. At the same time, are teachers and parents guilty of recycling criminal elements within our society by silently addressing the issue of crime and violence in schools and homes? If so, this is a clear indication of failure on the behalf of guardians, teachers and other leaders in our country.

For too long, inner-city youth have been faced with the pressure of fighting gang wars and, at the same time, attending school. Our boys and girls are harmed with guns, knives and other deadly weapons. Teachers and parents alone cannot stop violence among students in schools. Therefore, every Jamaican needs to play a role in stemming this monstrous behaviour.

Furthermore, if our students are dying, Jamaica’s future generation will be non-existent. Is this the Jamaica we all want to live in, where our children are attacking and killing each other? Let us rise up and protect Jamaica’s future.

Share This Article

 I strongly support Education Minister Andrew Holness’ call for the banning of corporal punishment in schools across Jamaica. This legal and inexcusable act of cruelty to correct the undesirable behaviour of students has no place in the education of children and it violates their human rights.

According to Benson (1937), "In 1935, there were 350 whippings in Jamaica by order of the courts, all but one of which were for juveniles." This cultural practice gradually became customary and socially accepted within families and in educational institutions. Corporal punishment in schools is lawful in Jamaica. The Education Act states that "teachers may administer reasonable corporal punishment", hence, the recent deadly assault on a fifth-grade student, who lost most of the sight in his left eye when a teacher allegedly hit him in southeast St Andrew on January 17, 2011. Clearly, this is an act of barbarism.

Infliction of pain

Corporal punishment is believed to involve the infliction of pain as retribution for an offence, or for the purpose of disciplining as a method of changing behaviour, such as, hitting, punching, kicking, pinching, or use of various objects (paddles, belts, sticks, or others). The method is considered to be violent and unnecessary.

The current provision within the Education Act that permits the administering of corporal punishment by teachers violates the human rights of a child under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1991), which ensures children are safeguarded against all forms of abuse and exploitation, as well as the Child Care and Protection Act (2004), which speaks to the rights of children to be free from corporal punishment in places of safety.

The practice should be immediately banned and sanctions imposed on those who commit such violation. In fact, the Government of Jamaica should be held accountable for permitting such brutality.

Share This Article

All Jamaicans are entitled to equal rights, justice and support from all human-rights organisation initiatives. As such, I am immensely concerned about the motive and core mission of a popular human- rights group here in Jamaica. The perceived image of the lobby seems skewed, biased and prejudiced against members of the state and/or law enforcers in Jamaica.

Based on a news report aired on Nationwide 90 FM on January 13, 2011, the lobby stated: "One in every five – approximately 309 – civilians was killed by the hands of the State in the year 2010."

The group and families of the deceased are appalled and insisted on immediate action from all levels of the justice system in Jamaica. Human-rights violations by the State have become a habitual practice over the past years, which have driven fear and hatred into individuals who are affected by actions of the police. This is an offence meted out to the people of Jamaica and should not be tolerated.

Balance Missing

On the other hand, according to Police Commissioner Owen Ellington, in a press statement issued on November 7, 2010, "The murder of Constable Dwayne Brown in November brings to 15 the number of police personnel killed in Jamaica so far this year."

These unlawful killings call for immediate and equal attention by both the human-rights lobby and the Government, just as extrajudicial killings of civilians by the State.

Often, civilians’ families and friends seek accountability and justice for extrajudicial killings of loved ones.

But, what about good police constables who have been slain while serving their country? What about their families? Aside from the Government, who is there to stand up for their rights?

Therefore, Jamaica needs a more transparent, impartial and equal human-Rights advocates. Further-more, the current lobby appears only to cater to civilians, and should live up to its vision, as well as the hope, of all law-abiding Jamaicans to see "a Jamaica where the rights of all are ensured; where there is equal opportunity for citizens to realise their full potential and enjoy a sense of well-being; and where our culture is enhanced and respect shared". 

Share This Article

Orette Bruce Golding (Jamaica’s Prime Minister)

Dear Mr Prime Minister,

This is an urgent call for you to support the inclusion of health status under the non-discrimination clause in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedom bill currently under review. The need to make provisions for the prevention of HIV and AIDS-based discrimination and to protect the human rights and dignity of people living with and affected by HIV and AIDS and other related matters in Jamaica should be a national priority.

Discriminatory practices in workplaces and schools include mandatory testing as part of admission, enrolment and recruitment requirements; barring, or blacklisting HIV-positive applicants, or relieving employees of their duties when their HIV status discovered. The reality is that many cases go unreported and unchallenged daily. Such unfair treatment of persons on the basis of their HIV status continues not only in Jamaica workplaces but also in the health sector. This is discriminatory.

Abolish mandatory testing

If the Government is serious about protecting the basic human rights of all Jamaicans and is keen to create an enabling an environment free of stigma and discrimination, then it must support the termination of workplace and school health policies which discriminate against persons living with HIV/AIDS.

It should abolish mandatory HIV testing for employment; remove punitive laws, policies and programmes that foster stigma and discrimination and block effective responses to HIV.

Share This Article

I am appalled by the recent reports of barbaric and inhumane acts of bullying at a prominent teachers’ college in Kingston and the cowardice of the institution’s administrators in failing to reprimand the perpetrators of such acts.

On December 7, 2010 it was alleged that a student at the teachers’ college was blackmailed, chased, and attacked by fellow schoolmates after a taped phone conversation between a male student pretending to be gay and the victim, who was presumed to be gay, was broadcast and amplified via loudspeakers, emails, and cellphones to other students and staff members on campus.

Bullying is an act of injustice and cruelty on those who have been victims of such acts. In fact, often in schools and other institutions, one in every three students has been verbally and physically harassed and abused by a bully (whether male or female). The victims often subsequently suffer from several mental-health disorders, such as stress and depression, which often lead to suicidal attempts.

The Ministry of Education needs to address this issue. For teachers in training, vigilante acts and assaults are unacceptable, and should not be tolerated in the education system. Some parents and guardians are jittery about the safety of their children in the ‘care’ of teachers who are not sensitised to gender and social differences students may portray. If teachers in training are acting as bullies, how can we then trust them with the lives of our children?

unreported and unchallenged

Due to a blind eye given to the incident by members of staff and the institution, the perpetrators go unpunished, while the victim remains in hiding and out of school. Many cases like this go unreported and unchallenged. Something has to be done, and urgently. One too many is the cry of victimised students across Jamaica who are facing bullies in every shape and form.

Share This Article

 Dancehall has always been associated with a culture of violence, which is contributing to the occurrence of criminal activities and spiralling crime rate in Jamaica. As such, I am deeply concerned about the growing and noticeable bickering between popular dancehall artistes Vybz Kartel and Beenie Man, and the potential re-enactment of something similar to the Gully versus Gaza crisis in 2009. The implications of such bickering are far-reaching and may become damaging to the people of Jamaica.

According to a Star reporter (Henry, 2010), "The deejay, Beenie Man, expressed feelings of being ‘dissed’ and disrespected in Kartel’sDancehall Hero song, in an interview aired December 14 on Nationwide 90 FM’s ‘Ragashanti Live’. Further-more, Beenie Man feels that the lyrics in the song are directed at him." This may seem futile; however, it has the potential to create mayhem in the country, and, therefore, requires immediate attention.


Dancehall is seen as a patriarchal space where the hunger for dominance among popular deejays has become infectious and virulent. If not monitored carefully, conflicts between dancehall artistes will result in a flare-up of violence in the Jamaican society, which often requires the input of the Government and security forces. Conflicts in dancehall predominantly result from one being ‘dissed’ lyrically or physically by another artiste.

In 2009, the Gully versus Gaza conflict rained turmoil in Jamaica. Several dancehall supporters who aligned themselves with respective alliances were killed and homes were destroyed in defence of one’s alliance. In my opinion, it was a bloody year in dancehall. We do not want a repeat of this. We do not want any more war! Nowadays, Jamaican youth are like machines as they are easily led and directly influenced by dancehall culture and artistes.

Therefore, it is time for Beenie Man and Vybz Kartel to stop their petty bickering before it escalates into something beyond their control. Youth on the streets cannot be tamed. They call themselves ‘Bad Man’ and they will kill for their ‘Daddy’. So, listen! It is time to stop the foolishness, and let’s end 2010 and begin 2011 with peace, love, and happiness in the music industry.

Share This Article

We know that in 2009, there were about 18,000 new HIV infections, a total of 50 per day, in the Caribbean. We also know that there was a 14% reduction in the incidence of HIV between 2001 and 2009. In fact, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Suriname and Belize recorded reductions by at least 25% during the same period. However, do we know the total spending for HIV and AIDS programmes across the region and in our respective countries? Do we know where our governments and civil society organisations are getting this money? And do we know what it is being spent on?

At the recently held Caribbean HIV Prevention Summit on most-at-risk populations (MARPs) and other vulnerable populations in Nassau, Bahamas, Bilali Camara, UNAIDS Caribbean Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Adviser, highlighted that between 2008 and 2009, US$497 million was spent on HIV and AIDS in the region. Of this total more than half (58% to be exact) of funding for HIV/AIDS Programmes came from outside the region. Only 31% of that spending was from domestic coffers.

This raises a number of questions, as to the level of investment by the region to halt and reverse the spread of HIV by 2015 – a goal our Caribbean leaders committed to achieving in 2000 at the Millennium Summit. Furthermore, with funding mechanisms such as the Global Fund looking to close their operations in the region in the short-term, one can’t help but wonder about the future of AIDS programmes.

A further breakdown of spending by areas was shared and revealed that the Caribbean region is spending very little on research. Immediately, one begins to think that the vast majority of our prevention programmes, which amounts to 32% of the region’s HIV/AIDS budget, are not necessarily evidence-based. While 37% was spent on treatment in the same period, the UNAIDS representative was particularly concerned that 20% was being used to pay salaries.

Let us now look at HIV/AIDS spending in Jamaica.

Unlike most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, a large portion of Jamaica’s total health expenditure comes from the local budget and not international donors. In 2006, health expenditure was 5.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) and only 1.3% was received from international development partners. However, the expenditure for HIV and AIDS is different.

Funding for Jamaica’s National HIV Strategic Plan comes from donors such as the World Bank and the Global Fund to against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM). However, it is impossible to complete all activities in this plan due to a 67.3% shortfall in the amount of money available. Between 2007 and 2009, most of Jamaica’s HIV budget was spent on treatment and care and prevention. According to the Planning Institute of Jamaica the plan costs US$201.2 million but only US$65.7 is available. In fact, Jamaica’s Ministry of Health budget is about J$31 billion, but HIV only J$1.2 billion.

Numbers turns many of us off, but it is important that we begin to pay attention to what is being spent on HIV and AIDS programmes. Understandably, we cannot expect our governments to put all the money for health towards HIV/AIDS but the necessary investments are being made to ensure there is zero new infections, zero AIDS related death, and that all persons have access to treatment and care.

Share This Article

Each week, I’ll be posting a list of the most news-worthy and/or inspirational, informative, well-written, thought-provoking, and/or unique posts of the week. While every post and every contributor is valuable to our community, these are the blogs that I feel are must-reads.

March 6- March 12

Stats for this week: 71 posts by 42 writers
(Our second highest posting week ever!!)

Girls need 100% equal access to education from Governance!- by kiki

Inside this post:

Kiki talks about the challenges faced by young women in Nigeria that make access to equal education difficult.

Student Activism Victory at Dickinson College- by altafmysistahs

Inside this post:

Altaf writes about students at Dickinson College who successfully protested on campus in order to get the administration to “[agree] to notify students about sexual assaults via a campus ‘Red Alert’ system, and to expel students found to have committed rape…”

What Motivates You To Remain A SHRH Activist?- by papavic

Inside this post:

Abongwa shares what motivates him to be a sexual health advocate, and passes on some motivation to us:

There are times when people don’t see the importance of what you do but it is that inner gratification that you have that will keep you going when that bill is not passed in Congress, when that Minister will not allow for a “Condomize” campaign or when those funders will not cease abstinence only sex education funding. That gratification is what will get you going as it has for me all these years!

International Women’s Day: Equal Access to Meaningful Education
- by judithavory

Inside this post:

In this amazing post, Judith lays out several flaws in the broad institution that is education that makes it difficult for access to learning that is not only equal, but more importantly meaningful.

Human Rights Watch: Mississippi’s Awful HIV Policies- by AFY_EmilyB

Inside this post:

A recent report from Human Rights Watch about conditions in Mississippi that perpetuate the HIV epidemic is one of the saddest and most infuriating things I have ever read.

Why do House Republicans think these millions of lives are expendable?
by AFY_Nikki

Inside this post:

Nikki explains the consequences of the House voting for HR1 last month for federal funding.

To explain: HR 1 slashes global health funding, which in total accounts for a relatively miniscule one quarter of 1% of the U.S. budget, but which literally saves millions of lives each year.

Why I Skipped Class to Ask My Elected Officials to Support Comprehensive Sex Education
- by kenzie

Inside this post:

Mackenzie reports back from her experience lobbying with nearly 100 of her peers in Texas.

Tales from a Testifying Newbie: Abortion Access in Ohio Edition- by ashthom

Inside this post:

You’ve heard about that fetus that “testified” in Ohio, right? Well Ashley was at the hearing, and gave her own testimony! Check out this great post to learn more about what happened that day.

Reflections on International Women’s Day and the 2011 International Women of Courage Awards- by Nicole

Inside this post:

Last week, Nicole attend the International Women of Courage Awards at the U.S. State Department.

It’s encouraging to see the United States elevating these women’s work and standing with them in solidarity to advance women’s rights globally. At the same time, it is tragic that only a few metro stops away, efforts on Capitol Hill are moving to significantly undermine and compromise women’s rights domestically and globally.

Thank you to everyone who posted a blog this week! You are part of what makes this community great!

~ Samantha
Community Editor

My posts this week:
International Women’s Day: This One’s For the Girls
Speaker Boehner Announces that House Will Defend DOMA
Women Leaders in the Global Community

Share This Article

Today, March 14, 2011, over eighty persons will arrive in Nassau, Bahamas for the Caribbean Regional HIV Prevention Summit.

The summit will be held from March 15-17, 2011 to among other things (1) increase awareness and agreement on the important of providing effective, focused, and targeted prevention interventions for MARPs and OVPs; (2) increase knowledge of evidence-based HIV prevention strategies; and (3) create linkages between HIV prevention experts on MARPs and OVPs with program practitioners in the Caribbean.

Generally, MARPs include sex workers (SW), men who have sex with men (MSM), intravenous drug users (IDU) and clients of sex workers (UNAIDS). OVPs tend to be high-risk youth, mobile populations (eg migrants), prisoners, and members of the military and uniformed services.

Participants at the summit representing several government agencies, National AIDS Programmes, technical and policy experts, civil society organisations, program implementers for most-at-risk populations (MARPs) and other vulnerable populations (OVPs), multi-lateral and bi-lateral and regional organisations, and representatives from local organisations and networks supporting MARPs and persons living with HIV. These individuals have been selected from the 12 Caribbean Regional Program Partnership Framework countries and the bilateral PEPFAR programmes in Haiti, Dominican Republic and Guyana.

Within the context of Jamaica, this is an important summit to ensure that there is greater synergy between the National Health Programme and civil society to capitalize on the opportunities to halt and reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS by 2015. This is crucial as funding for HIV and AIDS programmes such as the Global Fund come to an end in the next 3-5 years.

I will be blogging daily about the summit so stay tuned!

Quick Facts (Jamaica) – HIV Prevalence

MSM – 32% (According to amfAR (2008) this is the second highest worldwide)
Prison Inmates – 3.5%
STI Clinic attendees – 3.4%
Crack cocaine users – 5%
Sex Workers – 5%

Share This Article

Coming from Nigeria, I was exhausted. I whipped out a week of training each and every day during my trip in Abuja.  When I imagined another of THAT (although fun and exciting) in Nepal, my head started spinning.  Imagine training all week plus moving forward ANOTHER six hours in time to train some more: wowzers!

Coincidentally, though, my trip to Nepal started off easier than I thought. Ajay—my other half in Nepal managing our project—was actually on the same flight as me coming from Doha to Kathmandu. You may ask, “umm, then why wasn’t he supposed to be in Kathmandu?” Well, hypothetically my response would be that Ajay is a rock star and was recently nominated to serve as youth representative on the Civil Society Task Force for the upcoming United Nations High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS to be held in New York this June…so he ended up flying back from New York City to meet me to Doha just in time for both of us to facilitate our training!

After I spent my first day in Kathmandu catching up on all the sleep I didn’t get in Abuja, Ajay and I met at 6AM the next morning to meet the council of youth activists we’ll be training and supporting throughout the year.   Thanks to Ajay, our plan was to take a fun road-trip to our residential training at this amazing lodge with delicious food and an incredible view on top of a mountain in Dilhukel, a town 25 KM outside of Kathmandu.  AND it only cost 25 USD per night–that’s cheaper than my rent in DC!

Prior to my trip, I knew very little about the youth activists we were going to meet.  I worked with YUWA (meaning "youth" in Nepali), our partner organization on this project, in drafting the criteria to select the youth and drafting the application….but from then on forward, this was all in YUWA’s hands.  

All I knew was that we had a week set out for us that would include a three-day training on top of a mountain in the Himalayas and a couple days planned with meeting local organizations and government representatives to discuss our future advocacy efforts.  Well, first I’ll spoil the anticipation and say that the youth activists were AMAZING…the training was PHENOMENAL….and the meetings were well…FANTASTIC. I guess you can put all those pieces together and see that it was a trip to remember for sure!

Going back to our first morning:  after Ajay and I met, we went straight from my hotel, the Anna Purna to YUWA’s office.  Ajay gave me a tour of the office and we hung out and relaxed until the members of the council arrived.   

Soon enough, Ajay called me to say we were ready to roll.

When I first jumped in the big, colorful van, I said a simple, sweet and nervous “Hi, I’m Mimi” to the smiley youth activists sitting cozily inside. They responded with a joint “hello” and soon enough, we were off on the road!  Seconds later, I heard thunders of giggles and excitement for the trip ahead.

On that hour ride to Dilhukel, I kept quiet for most of the ride up to take it all in and digest the beautiful sights on our bumpy, mountainous trek.

Once we arrived at our cute lodge and training site, we quickly dropped off our stuff in our rooms, took a quick gasp at the view on the top of this grand mountain, ate breakfast and jumped right into our training at 9AM.

In short, I’ll say that a lot was covered: we talked about everything from defining sexual and reproductive health and rights to understanding priorities around US foreign policy on HIV/AIDS and family planning/reproductive health to practicing public speaking/messaging tactics to mapping out our national policy priorities and advocacy plans for the year.  It was an intensive three days, but throughout that entire time—we managed to have a lot of FUN!

Not only was the training full of interactive, participatory exercises… but we squeezed in some legitimate fun time too! We did everything from hiking up a mountain at 5AM to visit a Buddhist temple and watch the sunrise to dancing and singing to Nepalese music in the evening to celebrating the beautiful holiday of Maha Shivaratri around the campfire later in the evening.

on a morning hike to a buddhist monastery

So now, all 10 youth activists—Ashu, Goma, Presca, Rohan, Rojy, Sanskriti, Srijana, Subrata, Shiva and Yashoda—are now my friends and I’m so pumped to work with them this year.

Our advocacy efforts will focus on: 1) Ensuring meaningful youth participation on all programs and policies relevant to sexual and reproductive health and rights in Nepal; and, 2) Improving the Environment, Population and Health curricula to start at grade 5 and provide age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education in all schools in Nepal.

Also, note our potential third objective: We plan to advocate for increased federal funding for family planning/reproductive health programs, but are working towards analyzing the budgetary processes before we launch a campaign on a specific % increase.

I’m actually helping organize a follow-up training right now to get local experts to assist with this work. 

OK, so now that you’re vaguely caught up on my work in Nepal…scope out these bubbles of inspiration that are going to make it all happen:

Share This Article

I recently went on my annual site visit to Abuja, Nigeria (my favorite time of year!) to meet with the entire council of youth activists supported by our partner, Education as a Vaccine.  I’m always reenergized for the rest of the year, after an exciting week of devoted time to train, discuss and restrategize our advocacy efforts to improve policies and increase funding towards sexual and reproductive health and rights in Nigeria.  Every year, I’m more impressed by them than the previous year–mainly because I can see how they’ve grown so much as individual advocates but also as a passionate team working together to make change in their communities.

Aside from school and work, they come into the office every single day and work with Tope, my other half who is managing the project in Nigeria.  Our three-day training even stretched out to five days, once we realized the load of work we had set out to do for the year.  We achieved a range of activities from speaking with the Family Health officer in the Ministry of Health about budgetary processes to drafting our first e-action alert that would urge the Chairperson of the Senate health committee to pass an anti-stigmatization bill that would protect young people living with HIV/AIDS in schools AND prohibit mandatory HIV testing as a prerequisite for admission into the universities.  Believe it or not– this disappointedly happens quite often in Nigeria! 

We also drafted a plan for our next videography project which will focus on young people’s access to reproductive health/family planning in Nigeria. We’ll be rolling out with this project in the next month and I’m so looking forward to viewing the end product!

All in all, it’s always a pleasure to return to Nigeria…even when it’s over 100 degrees Fahrenheit and there’s no A/C!

We’ve mapped out our priority short-term and long-term advocacy objectives for, which will be:
-Passage of the anti-stigmatization bill including recommendations made by the council to include protection of young people living with HIV/AIDS such as prohibition of HIV testing as a prerequisite for admission to tertiary institutions BY May 2011 and May 2012;
-Increase of funding to youth sexual and reproductive health programs in the next fiscal cycle (through the various budget line items) BY May 2011; and,
-Securing a specific budgetary line item for youth-specific sexual and reproductive health programming BY May 2011 and May 2012.

If you’re interested in these advocacy efforts, feel free to email me at mimi@advocatesforyouth.org.

Now, enjoy a couple photos of my lovely friends/youth activists in Nigeria:

Share This Article

It happened on the 2nd day of the Advocacy training for the Youth Advocate Group (YAG) held in Abuja Nigeria. I personally wasn’t interested in the activity we were about to carry out which served as the icebreaker for the day, only because it was compulsory I had to partake in it.
The white papers were pinned to the wall, words written bold in black ink drew my attention to them but they were ten in number making it difficult to read them all at once. All the members of the council were eager but had to wait for instructions on what to do with them. Finally she said it…` the topic for today’s icebreaker is LEDERSHIP’. I swore under my breath and immediately lost interest. She went on… ` go round the ten papers, read each one as you approach it and stand in front of the one which inspires you the most. This is not an activity for me I thought but I had no choice but to join the rest of the YAG. I started reading the one in front of me… `People are more easily led than driven. David Harold’. I moved ahead and read `and when we think we lead we are most led. Lord Bryon’. Amazingly it became interesting! I continued reading until I got to the one which hit me. It read `The only real training for leadership is leadership. Anthony Jay’. I immediately fell in love with it at first sight, I stopped. Curiosity made me read the others I hadn’t read while I jealously guided my new love.

Amazing how leadership can be described in a sentence. I began to reason with Anthony Jay. Everyone is a leader, Leadership trainings are important but I believe experience is the best teacher. Having to be a good leader entails being a leader i.e. you cannot be a good leader when you do not lead.

As a member of my council volunteering to carry out a task meant for the entire council makes me a leader, keeping track of activities in my designation makes me a leader. I mustn’t be appointed a leader before I become one. Exercising these little traits cooks me up to be a good and effective leader. With my new love for leadership I have decided to include my name in my list of Young People with a Passion for Leadership (YPPFL) an acronym I figured.
So many definitions and explanations of leadership given by the other council members designed a new face of leadership in my mind. Lastly am glad I joined the YPPFL. Smiles.

Share This Article

Political, economic and social instabilities, religious persecution and ethnic conflicts in a country pushes its citizens to either migrate(legally or illegally) or to seek asylum as refugees in other countries where conditions are more favorable and where they believe they can pick up the bits of their lives and have a chance at recovery. This optimism however is usually short-lived as most of these people wind up in conditions worse than those prevailing from their countries of origin and what was intended to be a refuge becomes a death trap. They are alienated from resources so much yearn for.
Refugees just like any other citizens have health needs which usually are not taken into consideration by service providers talk less of SRH needs. Not only are these refugees more vulnerable due to their activities usually (commercial sex workers) coupled to that, they cannot access health care when need arises or even appropriate SRH services. It was for this reason that YOP decided to carry out its Refugee SRH sensitization project. This was a project aimed at reducing HIV transmission through promoting positive behavior change amongst vulnerable refugee communities in Douala, Cameroon.

YOP established a partnership with the Cameroon Red Cross (CRC) and United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) Refugee Project in Douala. Officials of the CRC/UNHCR Project and community leaders in Douala confirmed the urgent need to mobilize and sensitize young refugees through a life-skills focused project, due to their vulnerability to contracting or spreading HIV through various practices.
The identification of this problem motivated YOP to support the CRC/ UNHCR Refugee Project in organizing a Christmas event as a unique occasion to gather the youths and inform them of the project. From this event 30 youths were identified as having leadership skills and invited to attend the first training sessions. Experience from past projects implemented by YOP has demonstrated the importance of involving young people in the design and execution of activities to ensure not only sustainability but also that these activities are relevant and acceptable to the target group

A structured questionnaire was developed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of refugees on HIV and AIDS, sex and sexuality, and practices in their communities. 24 young refugees took part in the exercise. One-to-one interviews were also conducted with various young refugees during the coordination and planning process to adequately identify the problems and difficulties they face.
After analyzing the questionnaires, a training guide was designed to meet the needs and build the capacities of the youths. A training module on entrepreneurship was included in the training guide as all the youths identified a lack of skills to start a small income generating activity. It was seen that being gainfully employed was a necessary element in avoiding some of the practices that can lead to contracting HIV such as prostitution and drugs.

A two-day training was organized for youth leaders, empowering them to mobilize youths and to serve as peer educators within their various ethnic communities. The topics covered in the training included: HIV and AIDS; sex and sexuality; life-skills and behavior change; self employment and entrepreneurship; the entrepreneur; choosing a business idea, and decision making.

At the end of the training exercise, a postcard developed by the young people carrying SRH messages and especially that emphasizing the need for Voluntary Counseling Testing were developed and printed for their own use and to be distributed to their peers.

This project revealed that most refugee youths feel stigmatized, finding it difficult to integrate into their communities. This stigma, and a lack of financial resources, prevents them from seeking reproductive health support from regular health services with most confirming that they turn to “quack doctors” with some being exposed to contracting HIV through the sharing of syringes. Other young refugees during one-to one informal discussions revealed that they seek sexual and reproductive health information from their peers. It was also confirmed that there are still practices within the
Various refugee communities identified that promote the spread of HIV, such as female genital mutilation, sacrifices.

This initiative by YOP was an eye opener and it paved the way for other NGO’S to see the need to include refugees in their SRHR projects.
  Abongwa Victor
International Youth Journalist